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Hiking 101 for Beginners | Useful Knowledge

hey this is Jamie useful knowledge this

video is going to be for those of you

who've never been day hiking before but

you want to go on a day hike we're gonna

go over tips on what we think you need

to carry and then we're going to go over

some trail hiking tips to help keep you

safe stay tuned so everything you see

here is what we are gonna suggest that

you take with you on a day hike and this

video is going to be for those folks

that have never been day hiking we're

gonna call this hiking 101 okay to get

started what we suggest is to hike

somewhere that's easy to moderate so

find you a trail in your local area

that's easy to moderate to hike if you

can get a paper map of that trail and

get you a compass now I'm a realist I

understand that most people nowadays are

not going to do that they're gonna use

their phone the compass on their phone

and they're gonna actually have some

type of hiking out just a note you can

and will lose both cell service and GPS

signal when you're deep in the woods so

before you get to the trailhead download

a map of where you're gonna be hiking

onto your phone and check it regularly

so you'll have an idea of where you're

at just in case you do lose both of

those services okay once you determine

where you're gonna go and when you're

gonna go you need to let someone know

that can be a co-worker it can be a good

friend family members even conservation

officers that are local to the area what

you need to do is tell them where

exactly you plan on going and when

you're going to return and ask them to

call or text you at a certain time then

that way they can know if you're back or

not and plan to limit your hike to about

two to four miles round-trip for your

first time okay clothing we understand

this is your first day hike you do not

have to go out and purchase any new

clothing to go on a short day honey

what we suggest is some loose-fitting

comfortable clothing I do suggest some

long pants just to help with a bug so if

you've got some cargo pants or just some

loose fitting jeans now let's move on to

shoes so I wear hiking boots if you

don't have hiking boots you do not need

to go out and purchase hiking boots I

just some leather shoes something like

some tennis shoes that will be just fine

I do not suggest wearing running shoes

because they have no lateral support and

I've seen several folks on the trail

where they busted out their shoes as a

matter of fact I gave a lady some tape a

couple of years ago because she has

absolutely busted both for shoes out

ok next rain gear if you're gonna invest

anything invest in some good rain gear

do not get one of the dollar ponchos

from the dollar store because that's not

gonna help you much if you have a pop-up

thunderstorm so what I have is I have a

top and bottom I've actually used these

a lot in pop-up thunderstorms you don't

have to go purchase name-brand there's

some pretty decent stuff in some of the

box stores now if you're in a cooler

climate I suggest some layers so you

might want to carry just a an extra

shirt carry a beanie and some gloves

okay socks what I wear is wool socks the

reason I like wool socks is because

that's the original cool in the summer

warm in the winter type sock if you

don't have a pair of wool socks that's

ok just get you a pair of socks that are

comfortable in the shoes that you're

going to be wearing ok one of the most

important things I think that you should

purchase for a day hike is a pair of

hiking sticks and I got these I think

was off of Amazon for about 25 bucks and

I've had on for about three years and

they've absolutely been great you can

adjust them to whatever height you need

so what this does is it gives you four

points of balance instead of two if

you're just hiking and you don't have

hiking sticks you just have your feet

okay if you have this you have two more

points of balance so if you go on

somewhere that might be slick these are

gonna help you maintain your balance and

it's going to reduce Falls okay all this

stuff we're going to talk about you're

gonna need something to put it in so

there's a lot of day packs on the market

now this is about a $75 day pack and I

got this for my birthday a couple of

years ago you don't have to have

something like this there's actually a

lot of big-box store type day packs that

work just fine in a matter of fact I'm

going to show you

on that I've had for about 10 years

before I got this one and this thing's

been through everything ok one thing I

do suggest though when you're buying and

daypack no matter what you get buy one

that has a hydration pack in it that's

going to help you out over having the

tote bottles ok talking about hydration

packs this is a two and a half liter

know one thing I do suggest you do

before you start hiking is go ahead and

hydrate get you some water in you before

you get going then fill this up and it's

gonna last you for your day hike

especially if you're going only about a

a 2 to 4 mile round trip so if you don't

have a hydration pack that's ok just

carry you to 1 liter or 20 ounce water

bottles with you and make sure they're

full when you get going ok first day for

when you're day hiking most of your

issues when you're day hiking where you

need first aid are going to be cuts

scrapes splinters and blisters so what I

like to carry is some hand sanitizer

because you can clean the wound easy

because hand sanitizer is about 2/3

straight-up alcohol I'd like to use some

antibiotic cream once you get the wound

clean and you can use a band-aid at that

point I'd like to carry a larger

band-aid in case you get bigger wounds I

carry some pain medication that's just

ibuprofen and if you do get a splinter

you need some tweezers and a safety pin

to help get that splinter out

and don't forget chapstick you get out

of the woods and your lips get dry chap

sticks great to have trail food so what

I'm gonna suggest is you take something

that you like to eat I actually love

these bars and I like these kind bars as

well so that's what I like to carry but

if you don't like these find you

something that you would like to eat

when you take a break on the trail ok

insane repellent now I carry insect

repellent in my vehicle so I will spray

down before I actually start hiking and

then I will carry something like these

towelettes or actually this spray with

me in case I stay in the woods a little

bit longer than I expect

next is trail marking tape I suggest

that you carry a small roll of orange

trail marking tape with you and the

reason is you can use this to mark where

you leave the trail and

you go off the trail all you have to do

is tie a little bit of this up say every

20 or 30 feet so you can look this up

and verify it but most people get lost

because they leave the trail either to

go use the restroom or to look at

something cool that's off the trail say

a waterfall or something like that so

you can use this marking tape to

actually find your way back to the trail

and stay tuned we're going to

demonstrate how to use the trail marking

tape later in this video okay speaking

of leaving the trail and marking where

you go when you do leave the trail don't

forget your toilet paper now this toilet

paper doesn't have a roll in it you can

get these at most of your camping and

hiking sections in the big-box stores

next you need to carry some tape and not

just any tape I suggest that you carry

gorilla tape because it's a lot stronger

than duct tape now what I do is I'll

take the tape and a pen like you see on

the right and I'll wrap enough tape

around that pin to basically make what

you see on the left now folks ask me all

the time how much tape do you carry

well I carry enough that I can wrap

around the boot at least twice in case

you need to repair a boot or if you need

to repair a backpack strap you can wrap

that around several times just so you

can make it back to the trailhead just

to say it again only this is gonna go in

your day pack okay next we're going to

talk about in case you need to build a

fire while you're hiking some people

carry matches some people carry things

like a fire still what I like to do is I

go no-nonsense I carry two small

lighters just like shown here I like to

use the bright ones in case I drop them

I can easily find them in addition to

that I carry at least two of these fire

starters now this type of fire starter

here will last 10 to 12 minutes so you

can easily get a fire started with it

and you can get a fire starter cube like

this at your big-box stores in the

camping section ok flashlights now you

can carry a handheld flashlight if you

want to that's fine but what I suggest

is to go hands-free and use a headlamp

now this is a rechargeable headlamp so

what

do as I charge them up before I leave to

go on a day hike and then I actually

carry an extra battery with me just in

case I'm there after dark or even there

for a couple of days in case you get

lost okay one thing I'm going to suggest

is to carry a way to charge your cell

phone when you're hiking and the reason

is when you get in the backwoods your

phone's going to be searching for a

tower it's probably going to burn

battery down than what you're expecting

so Kerri you want these little pots this

one will charge the phone I think three

or four times and don't forget your

cable most people are going to say carry

an emergency sleeping bag with you but

what I'm going to suggest is to carry

that sleeping bag which is in this and

also carry you an emergency tent so you

can actually buy this pack off Amazon

for about nine bucks it's got an

emergency tent an emergency sleeping bag

and it also has the rope so that you can

actually type between some trees to make

that ten okay one thing that I really

suggest that you carry with you is a

whistle and the reason you want to carry

a whistle with you is because people can

hear this a long way off so if you get

lost and you can hear somebody looking

for you you can blow this whistle and

they can hear it

okay one thing I like to carry with me

just in case is a small mini water

filtration system I carry one that's got

the straw or it actually can screw on to

the end of a water bottle so if you did

carry a water bottle with you then make

sure this will screw on the end of it

and you can actually filter some water

from a source along the trail if you

need it to I suggest that you carry

about 25 feet of paracord now you can

get this paracord pretty much anywhere

there's camping equipment paracord

basically has endless uses some that

come to mind are bootlaces shoestrings

emergency lashings and emergency belt or

even a pet leash in case you carry your

pet okay I do suggest you carry some

type of knife it doesn't have to be a

survival knife just some type of cutting

tool in case you need to cut something

like the paracord or things like that

okay one thing I do like to carry and

this

kind of old-school but I love to carry a

stainless-steel canteen cup you can

actually stuff a lot of this stuff in a

canteen cup and if you needed to

actually boil some water you can pull it

in this canteen cup because this is

actually stainless steel you can set it

right next to the fire right in the fire

and it's got this little handle here so

you can pick it up easily so that's one

of the reasons I like to carry a

stainless steel canteen cup okay one

more thing that I forgot because I don't

wear glasses but if you wear glasses or

contacts carry you a spare pair

especially if you're hiking with

contacts because if you lose a contact

or you get your ice crash and you have

to take a contact out you can use your

spare pair of glasses and be able to

keep hiking safely

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and just a note everything you see here

is gonna weigh ten pounds or less

don't forget your pooper scooper in case

you do have to use the bathroom in the

woods ready to go

I can tip number one tell someone where

you're going when you're going and when

you expect to return if you're not local

to an area you can always call your

conservation officers in that area to

let them know you're going to be hiking

and when you expect to return I can tip

number two if you're going to use a

hiking app for your hike make sure you

download everything you need before you

get to the trailhead a lot of these

trail heads are remote and they may not

have cell signal also about your mobile

device your GPS will work if you don't

have cell signal but you can get deep in

the woods and absolutely not have GPS

signal this has happened to me several

times like we always say carry a map and

a compass hiking tip number three carry

you some hiking sticks now I got these

for about twenty five dollars online but

what this does for you it gives you two

extra points of balance for when the

trail is slick or when the trail is

steep I can tip number four if you come

across a fallen log like this in the

woods do not step over it like this the

reason is there could be a snake up

under there and they can strike you in

the leg what you want to do is you want

to step up on that log and then you want

to step off that's going to help you

clear that snake and this is some of the

training that we received in the

National Forest when I worked there in

high school

okay hiking tip number five if you

decide to leave the trail to go to the

restroom or there's a really cool

waterfall just down the hill you need to

mark where you left the trail you can do

it on your app if it's working what I do

recommend though as a backup is some

orange marking tape now what you can do

you can put you can actually put this on

trees about every say twenty feet as you

walk off the trail and then as you come

back you take them down okay so I got

off the trail to see this Creek that was

just over the hill and just as an

example I marked about every 20 feet so

you can actually see where I marked

we've got one there

and then on past it I've got one and

then you can see the other two and the

final one is actually out at the trail

now obviously you want to take these

down as you walk out if you absolutely

forget to these will biodegrade in about

a year but we really need to be nice and

take them down as we walk out

okay hiking tip number six if you do

feel like you're lost just take a deep

breath and just stop right where you're

at and get real still and just listen

that's all you got to do you can even

sit down and just listen a lot of times

if someone else is walking up the trail

and they're talking you can hear them

and you'll be able to get some bearings

off of just that

also listen for vehicles if you're close

enough to a road you may actually hear

vehicles going up and down the road so

if you can do this you might be able to

find your bearings just off the noises

around you so we hope you gained some

useful knowledge on how easy it is to

prepare for your first day hike have fun

hiking

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