Hi! Welcome aboard the Aurora for your New England Aquarium Whale Watch presented
by Boston Harbor Cruises. My name's Laura Howes, I'm the head naturalist here and
we miss being out of the water, especially with you guys so we wanted to
take it out and show you some whales. We're here practicing safe social
distancing so wearing our masks and staying six feet away and I hope we have
a good day out there.
So we just came out of the harbor. So from Boston it's about twenty to thirty
miles to get to Stellwagen Bank. This sanctuary was designated in 1992 and it
was made to protect the diverse marine life seen in the area. Now you might be
wondering you know why are we going to Stellwagen Bank? It's all about the
bathymetry, so the underwater topography of Stellwagen Bank itself. And in the
springtime nutrient-rich water, especially cold water currents at the
sea floor rush up to the surface. When you're getting longer days of sunlight,
turbulent water that's the perfect conditions for photosynthesis to happen.
So we get huge blooms of something called phytoplankton.
And after that zooplankton, that first wave of production, brings out the North
Atlantic right whale, sei whales feeding on that zooplankton. And then we have
schooling fish feeding on that zooplankton and that's what's bringing our large
whales, bluefin tuna, seabirds, all sorts of sea life.
So the first thing, what I'm
looking for when I'm looking for a whale it's something that looks like a big puff
of white smoke. We call that the whale's blow or spout and a day like today you
can see from a couple miles away. We're also looking for any body parts, it
typically is a back or a tail. We're also looking for any unusual
splashing and also sea bird life. So the seabirds feed on what the whales
feed so we see a big cluster of seabirds that's a good sign that there might be a
whale around. Our captains are down in the wheelhouse spotting as well. So we're
going to continue searching here and we'll see we can find.
We're excited! There's a ton of activity ahead of us
towards our one o'clock, so this is a great sign!
We've also slowed our boat down. We approach the animals cautiously and
carefully with the Northeast Regional Whale Watch guidelines.
We're not going to try to get the whales to come to the bow, we would never feed
them, that would be harassment. We want to watch them in their natural environment.
Did you spot the first one? There's at least three whales here. Definitely,
probably more. They're pretty much the largest thing we'd see out here. Fin
whales are about two school buses in length. they're light gray in color and kind
of built like a submarine. The only other larger whale is the blue
whale. So I got my camera ready to hopefully get some photo identification shots of
the whales that we're seeing right towards our 1:00 o'clock. And we're
trying to check out what's going on here where all the birds are. If you look at
the clusters of seabirds that'll give you a good sign when a whale might come up.
Well it looks like a third fin whale about to come up at our 11 o'clock. So
fin whales you're not going to see that tail come out of the water, instead
you're just gonna see a smooth back followed by a pointy dorsal fin.
Ok, keep watching where the birds go.
Wow, so that fin whale just lunged and now getting to see a lunging fin whale that's actually
not a typical sighting. So that's a beautiful look at a fin whale. But it
looks like there's at least three to four fin whales here and I'd say their
variety of size. This one here looks a little bit smaller. And we have lots of
time to explore here so we're gonna see what else we can find,
but that was incredible looks at those fin whales.
Our captain spotted some
Atlantic white-sided dolphins so we're gonna try to check those out as well.
So dolphins, unlike these large baleen whales, they're a small toothed whale
that forms a pod, which is a tight-knit social group and you often see them
near feeding whales, as well. At one o'clock this is the northern gannet, very
pointed head, long wings, the largest sea bird you'll see out here pretty much
with a 6-foot wingspan. And then we have a lot of herring gulls, those are kind of
your typical gull that you'll see out here.
So looks like we have a pair of humpbacks here. So third species of
marine mammal so far today. We've already spotted some Atlantic
white-sided dolphins, fin whales, and so now we have two humpback whales. The
humpback whale, probably one of the most common whale you might be familiar with.
They have the big long pectoral flippers, they're about the length of your long,
yellow school bus. Here comes a tail
Awesome! That's Cajun, she's actually one of our favorites. She's actually probably
one of the biggest humpbacks I know, she's about 55 feet if I had to guess. Cajun,
she gets her name, she has a marking that looks like a chili pepper on her
tail, we call it the fluke. And so every
humpback gets a name, not as a pet name but actually just to help us remember
who they are in the field. And so it looks like where we are right now
there's three to four humpbacks scattered within about a mile radius, each doing
their own bouts of kick feeding. They have a lot of feeding techniques and in fact
kick feeding, as far as we know, is only seen in the Stellwagen Bank National
Marine Sanctuary area. And what's even more exciting is it's a behavior that
seems to be taught to individuals. So it's a form of culture but they do teach
it to each other, not just their young. And so we first started seeing
kick feeding in the 1980s and now about a third of the humpbacks in the area do
it. So looks like the pair came up behind us we're slowly heading towards a kick
feeding whale. Oh wow so these dolphins,
some aerial activity here from those dolphins. Now they're called white-sided
dolphins because they have a white, tan, and yellow stripe.
Oh and check out Black Hole!
Black Hole, she's another veteran female. She has an all black tail if you had to
guess. You can also tell them apart by their dorsal fin.
But I like her dorsal fin cause it kinda looks like a Hershey's kiss, which is a
more unusual shape. So this is an amazing behavior called kick feeding. She's also
blowing bubbles, so keep your eyes right at that light green patch. She's
probably gonna come up with a mouthful of food.
Yup there's the tip of her mouth!
Looks like she fed just under the surface but we saw the tip there and a flipper.
Wonderful! So she basically just rolled upside down with a mouthful of food.
And check out the dolphins they are following her, probably trying to see
they can get some leftover fish. Oh wow look at that
that's stream of whale poop behind her. I don't think I've seen a whale
poop this much before. There's researchers even here at the New
England Aquarium that study whale feces. They can learn a lot about the animal from
stress hormones, what they're feeding on, finding pregnancy hormones from that
feces. And believe it or not a lot of that research they'll use a dog to help
find the smell where the poop is. And so we all love to see whales and watch them
in their habitat but they're actually very important for the ecosystem. So this
humpback whale, 40-ton animal, it goes down at depth to feed and then it always
goes to the bathroom at the surface so it's a way to recycle nutrients.
And so these guys, we think of them as the fertilizers of the sea. And so Black
Hole there, she just did a whole bunch of fertilizing. She's a well-fed whale.
Oh looks like we have a laughing gull, it's another type of sea bird here. And so
we're still following Black Hole the humpback as well.
Oh look that's a minke whale, so forth marine mammal species, you just got
a minke. Now if you got a look at that it looks almost like a dolphin but they're
about three times longer. Only about 20 to 30 feet long, they don't have a
visible blow. They're pretty tricky to get a look at.
Here towards our right, the harbor seal. You might be familiar with the harbor
seals outside the front of the Aquarium. And so totally normal to see a seal this
far offshore, they can even sleep offshore if they want.
If you've been thinking about this time like what can you do to help whales, especially when
you're at home right now. There's some simple things you can do, you
of course can donate to the Aquarium, you can adopt a whale to help the right
whale research program, you can also become a member. If you're not able to
give just sharing about you know what's going on at the Aquarium, share a
cool video, cool fun fact. And of course lots of everyday things you can still
continue to do to help wildlife. A big problem we see offshore are lots of plastic,
balloons, plastic bags. So try to reduce your single-use plastic. Carbon emissions,
so when you can using less electronics, reducing your carbon
footprint. And also sustainable seafood, that's a big problem for whales as well
entanglement in fishing gear. A great resource you could download it's called
"Seafood Watch" and you can download that app and also check out the Aquarium
website. If you go to the seafood side you can see what's a sustainable choice.
If you happen to be out on a recreational boat or your own small boat
remembering safe whale watching guidelines. And so there's lots of things
you can do to help these species.
Well welcome back to Boston folks. So we just came back from the Stellwagen
Bank National Marine Sanctuary. Again we miss you all very much and wish we could
be out on the water, but hopefully we gave you a little bit of taste of what's
out there and what will be waiting when we can get back out. It was a beautiful
day, again we saw five different species of marine mammal including humpback whales
who are kick feeding, fin whales doing some lunge feeding at the surface, many
minke whales, a ton of Atlantic white-sided dolphins and of course a
harbor seal. For sea bird life we saw diving northern gannets, herring gulls,
laughing gulls, and a few cormorants. So it was a wonderful day there. We spent a
lot of time with Black Hole and Cajun, two very large female humpbacks. And so again
I just want to thank you for joining us today and we hope to be back on the
water with you soon!