How to Grow Pear trees - Complete Growing Guide


well hello everyone and welcome to

another very exciting episode here on

the on my gardener channel is giving

another complete growing guide and this

time it's going to be in our fruit

continued series of growing guides on

fruit trees we're going talking about

pears today definitely excited about

this one pears are an awesome awesome

fruit I cannot get enough of them

they're just so delicious and since I'm

allergic to apples they're about as

close as you can get to an apple and and

I just I eat them up like crazy so one

of the things I love a lot pears is that

you know while they don't have as many

uses as apples do they're just so fresh

so hydrating so delicious and and we use

them anything from a pear jelly to to to

pear compote man we all gosh eaten fresh

fruit salads you can't beat it

but pears will produce so much fruit for

you so when you're kind of talking about

production pears are actually up there

some of your highest producing you

weight per plant of

most of your fruit trees so I love that

about it especially because it's kind of

like the more you the more you produce

the more I can eat so just keep

producing and I won't i won't care so

it's nice that they do produce a lot one

of the things about pear trees I do want

to mention right off the bat is they do

require a cross-pollination to produce

well so the plant itself could be

growing 3040 feet tall but if it doesn't

have it doesn't have a you know another

variety to cross with it's going to not

produce very well if at all so

oftentimes people they write to us say

hey I've got a pear tree I've had in my

yard it's never produced and I said well

is it just one pear tree and they say

yeah it's just one pear tree and I'm

like okay well there's your problem

so plant a second pear tree and your

problems will be solved so just make

sure you have two varieties of pear

trees we have a D Anjou pear and this is

this is a summer crisp so we have two

varieties here that's all your in need

that's going to do great with pears

we're going to talk about the soil type

first as we talked about when you first

transplant your make sure you dig the

hole two and a half time

the the the diameter of the root ball so

two and a half times going to make sure

that the root ball is really nice and

wide fill that with good organic matter

lots of compost really well draining

soil you want to make sure that you just

promote root growth with all your

deciduous trees that go through winter

you want to make sure that that roots

definitely have a good chance especially

the first year that you transplant them

to grow fast and get kind of out of that

risk of a freeze you have a very cold

winters because they are certainly

they're certainly prone to dying if they

if they get if they get into too cold of

weather so pear trees definitely can can

handle the cold just you know it's it's

better to get them out of that cold zone

on some of your peaches and cherries and

things like that they're really

important to get out of there out of

that cold but they can definitely

tolerate negative 18 negative twenty

degrees Fahrenheit no problem they're

very very cold hardy which does bring me

into cold hardiness so pears you can

grow into zone 3 no problem at all and

they do need chill hours so I recommend

no lower in the zone or I guess no

higher in the zone had no further south

then zone 8 if you try to grow them in

like Southern California or places like

that it's not going you're not going to

have enough chill hours to make them

produce pears need around 800 chill

hours so that's how many hours below

freezing you're going to have and that

way you're going to have good production

because it kind of just resets that the

plant gets it ready to produce for next

year and so that's why places like

Michigan I mean we can we can produce a

heck of a ton of Paris can we get some

real nice long long winters which you

know kind of stink as a gardener but

also nice as a gardener too because

you're like hey I love fruit trees and I

know these fruit trees are going to

produce well because we had a nice long

winter so it's a love-hate thing for

sure but definitely important to have

those chill hours one of the things you

can look for is a lower chill hour pair

they make do they do make some pear

trees that are like eggs don't make them

there are some pear trees that exist out

there that have around 400 chill hours

but that's about is as well as low as

I've seen and there's

not many out there so do your research

there definitely are some options out

there for you but they certainly do need

quite a bit of chill hours compared to

most most plants most fruit trees out

there so there's that now when it comes

to fertilizing I'm going to talk about

this as I talked about with all of our

fruit trees we do not fertilize for the

first three months and I say fertilize

anything higher than the two zero zero

I put worm castings down and worm tea

down to really kind of boost the boost

the growth boost the root development

things like that give it good microbial

activity but I don't do any fertilizing

for the first three months after that I

do come in and I do give them a high

nitrogen fertilizer we use trifecta plus

here on all of our fruit trees after

that waiting period to really kick them

into gear get them going kind of kick

them in the butt a little bit and get

them ready for for that long cold winter

which does bring me to the fall which in

the fall you want to fertilize with a

high phosphorus fertilizer again we use

trifecta because it's formulated to use

the nitrogen up during the growing

season and then that phosphorus works

kind of later in the growing season when

it needs it the most and the plant will

kind of be kind of telling itself what

it needs as well so even if you

fertilize it with with a nitrogen

fertilizer it's not really gonna take up

a lot of it because it's kind of entry

that dormancy period and so we'll give

them that in early October

we'll give them another dosage of

trifecta we give them just a quarter cup

around the plant and that way they

cannot kind of just kind of settle in

for winter and it helps to that that

phosphorus helps to boost that root

development even further kind of give

them one last push into the into that

deeper into the soil to get out of that

that cold zone there so that's all of

that that there is about fertilizing the

next thing is watering

now with watering again I say this with

all our our trees because there's really

nothing different about it I will give

them water once everyday a gallon a day

for three weeks after three weeks I will

give them a gallon every other day for

two weeks after those two weeks about

five weeks have passed after those two

weeks of a gallon every other day I will

give them a gallon once a week and that

way there's just no stress on the on the

tree one thing you will find with

as well as apples but not as much with

apples I find it's quite rare that it

happens is browning of the leaves and

really hot weather you'll find that the

leaves kind of turn brown and you'll

have quite a bit of leaf die-off and

that really happens anything above 90

degrees so they are prone to that but

that's because they like kind of the

colder weather so that they don't do

great in hot weather and you'll find you

do have some stress and giving them that

water once a week will definitely help

to reduce that stress for sure and if

the tree does get very stressed to let

you know it'll start dropping leads and

and that's the first sign that you got

it you got to pump the water in but I

don't allow my trees to get stressed

because as soon as they are stressed

you've already kind of set the tree back

and any setbacks are not good when

you're talking about trees they have to

go through you know negative 10 negative

18 degree weather in our winters so I

just I just prefer not to let them get

stressed and then the final thing is

pruning so pruning is very very

important with with pear trees because

they do grow extremely quick as you can

see this tree has a bunch of beautiful

growth I mean this is just a stunning

stunning tree but there's a but to that

you do want to limit its growth because

they will produce these branches that

are really really long and I mean this

one here is probably like 3 feet long um

it's just it's too long to uh to allow

anything on this so what I will do is I

will actually remove all the flowers the

first year this will flower this year no

doubt it's so healthy um but I'll remove

all the flowers let it really get a nice

strong base I won't do any pruning until

the fall when the plant goes dormant

I will cut every branch that's longer

than 3 feet in half so all I have a

foot-and-a-half branch well that's going

to do in the springtime it's going to

push more lateral growth because you

just cannot have and I mean even one

fruit even one fruit would bend this

thing down to the ground with one fruit

and so just for good measure I

definitely prune them back and I make

sure that the branches are very stubby

and a lot of lateral growth which can

you know each branch might be able to

hold one pair two pairs or so and

when you multiply that by you know 100

or so branches you can have 200 pairs on

a tree no problem without any stress to

the branches as is they're just too wiry

too spindly and that's just the nature

of pears they just do that so readily um

and it looks great don't get me wrong

but looking great doesn't do anything

for production so I'm going to go

through here and this top thing on a

lock this off right at the top really

promote that lateral growth out but

again that's after this first year the

first year I'm just going to take off

all the flowers make sure it doesn't

fruit at all and then then I'm going to

once it goes dormant this coming winter

so winter of 2000 and it's 2018 I'm

going to make sure that that I I prune

off some of these branches that are a

little too long and lanky so that's all

there really is to growing pears they're

super easy

oh so pH I do want to talk about

slowpitch then I'll get it in the

comments box just make sure that the

soil is around 6.5 very very minutely

acidic but again that's kind of nitpick

they can be in in perfectly balanced pH

soil they're really not picky about the

pH as much as other plants are so you

know we always give them just a little

bit of acidic soil and that kind of

comes with trifecta there's some sulfur

and trifecta that help to lower that pH

just to right around slightly acidic

where most plants prefer but if you

don't and you just use compost the

compost is going to be a pH of 7 which

will be perfectly fine I promise you

will not have a problem they're really

really not that picky when it comes to

pH so that's all there is about growing

pears hopefully you all have enjoy

hopefully you learned something new and

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help you

grow big or go home so anyways this is

luke from the a my garter channel hoping

you all enjoyed hoping you like this

video share with your friends if you

think they'd enjoy it cuz I bet they

would and and hopefully having a great

day so anyways get out in the garden

grow some pears you'll definitely be

happy that you did alright Luke from the

a my garden channel reminding you to

grow big or go home see ya bye