Complete Guide on Starting Seeds Indoors ~ What to Plant & When

well hello everyone and welcome to a

very exciting episode here on yeah my

garter Channel today we're going to be

answering a very very important question

that is on the minds of all the

gardener's beginning and experienced and

that is when should I be starting my

seeds I get this question a lot and it

comes up so frequently that I actually

had to take some time to think about how

I would present this in a way that would

be informative fun and easy to

understand all on the same so I think I

found it out I'm ready now

it took me a while because it's just

such a big topic and there's so many

variables that often confuse beginning

gardeners and so I got it down to the

just the bare bones and hopefully you

all are gonna love it so what we're

gonna talk about today is what you

should be starting indoors when you

should be starting it and also kind of

how you figure out kind of where you

fall in what's called the last frost

date so there's a lot of different zones

out there you have down south down by

you know the Gulf of Mexico and then you

have way far north like Minnesota and

and North Dakota and even Michigan up

there way up there you know so our

climates are way different and so I'm

trying to make a video that's going to

span across all the climates to touch

all the gardener's because where you are

watching is probably we're not where I'm

watching where I would be watching I

when I watch this video all right so

let's get into it I'm already having fun

so the first thing I want to talk about

is the fact that this is just for

starting seeds indoors we're also gonna

touch on what you should be starting

outdoors and not start indoors but I

wanted to stress that oftentimes I don't

make this point because it's extremely

important starting indoors is a luxury

and I've said this from the very

beginning that if you cannot start

indoors do not feel bad if you don't

have the space or you don't have the

lighting sometimes you're going to end

up having a worse off garden start

indoors then had you just waited three

four or five weeks until the weather

it's warm enough to put a pot out on

your patio and start them outdoors and

that's one thing that I want to get into

the minds of everyone is if you can

don't worry because you're still gonna

have a long enough growing season here

in Michigan our growing season is about

a hundred and fifty days and then see

about because there's always there's

always variances it's never gonna be the

same but we have on average about a

hundred and fifty to a hundred and sixty

days in our growing period and that's

temperatures that are above freezing and

so what you want to do is you want to

look at what you're growing and let's

say I'm growing a tomato that takes

around 85 to 90 days to fully mature if

I took a seed let's say I was not able

to start outdoors and I took a seed and

planted it in the ground that seed is

way to germinate and mature in about 85

to 90 days and if I have a hundred and

sixty days in my growing period I'm

going to have roughly 70 days of that

plant being fully mature and bearing

loads of fruit so if you can't and what

I'm seeing by this before we get started

is if you can't start indoors don't

worry I'm not one of those gardeners

that says you're going to not have a

successful garden or you're not going to

be able to get a harvest because trust

me you're going to get a harvest one of

the benefits though is starting indoors

is you do get a head start so I know a

lot of gardeners want to do that but the

key is is not starting too early and not

starting too late because let's pay

let's face it if you start too early the

plane is going going to start growing

and if you don't have you know adequate

space to transplant up a pot size or

let's say the weather doesn't get warm

for a little while and you have to keep

the plants indoors keeping them in a

cramped space is going to get them very

stressed out and sometimes that can harm

the plant so starting too early is a bad

thing and then starting too late it

defeats the purpose of starting indoors

you'll still get a head start but it

really won't be as effective as it could

be so there's that very fine line of AHA

that's the perfect time to start

planning so that's what we're going to


about that perfect time to start

planting so how do you know your perfect

time the first thing you're going to

want to know is your last frost date and

how do I know where my last frost date

is if Luke you're you're in Michigan

your last frost dates nowhere near the

same as us that live out in California

that might only have ten days of frost

by the way I'm jealous

so how do you how do you figure that out

well I have some resources for you the

first one is the Farmers Almanac and

that's basically your go-to place for

the rough averages for your first and

last frost dates and so you can look by

city and it's going to give you cities

near you it's not gonna give you your

city especially if you live in a really

small town but it's going to give you a

city nearby and that's going to give you

a rough estimate of when you should be

starting the next place is just by

Google newer versions of Google you can

type right in a big city near you and

just type in last frost date for

instance us its last frost date in

Detroit Michigan since that's the

biggest telling me or us and it's going

to give you a rough estimate for that

and then third option is NOAA has a very

good physical map so if you don't like

looking at city names you can actually

just know hey I live in the center of

Michigan hey I live in the thumb of

Michigan you know and then you can look

at the map and say okay this is what the

map is showing me since it's color-coded

you can see when you're first and/or

when your last frost date is and the

dates that kind of correlate with that

and that's again gonna give you a rough

average and again I will stress it's

never going to be perfect and there's

always that chance of a freak Frost

that'll come after that date and kill it

and there are a lot of times where if

you follow that front that that last

frost date the weather will be perfect

to plant but because you're following

that last frost date you might miss out

on two or three weeks if the weather

warms up sooner so again plant at your

own risk but that's gonna give you the

safest guide in for beginners I always

suggest erring on the side of caution so

you don't lose all your plants because

that can be very discouraging so coming

in close I'm gonna show you what to do

next once you get that

asked Frost 8 all right so what I've

done is I've gone ahead I've made a list

a pretty extensive list of all the

things or most of the things that a

beginning gardener is going to want to

start out in their garden again this is

not everything but this gives you a very

rough idea of kind of what you should be

starting when you should be starting it

and and it goes through the majority of

starting zones here so there are things

that you want to start like way over

here in like the 8 to 11 weeks before

your last frost date but since those can

be very difficult to start and they can

be very confusing we decided to X those

and we stuck to no more than 5 weeks

before your last frost date so these are

weeks before your last frost date okay

so for instance tomatoes four to five

weeks peppers four to five weeks

eggplants four to five weeks things that

are heavy yielding and take a lot of

time to kind of get going you want to

start four to five weeks the exception

to that would be like celery and onions

they don't take a lot of time to get

going they just take a long time to

mature so like onions can take anywhere

between 90 to 110 days so I always start

them indoors because that way I

guarantee they're gonna be full size by

the time they're ready to be harvested

same thing with celery now let's move

out in two to three weeks two or three

weeks would be things like lettuce

cabbage broccoli spinach cucumbers

watermelon and squash you're probably

wondering why cucumbers watermelon and

squash in here these are like leafing

vegetables and they're not super mature

they don't take a long time to mature

and they can be moved outside sooner

these are cold weather crops here so you

can move them outside in cooler weather

so you don't need to start them indoors

that long and you don't need to start

that far in advance the reason why you

want to start cucumbers watermelon and

squash and things in those in those

categories indoors only two to three

weeks is because they get big and they

start to vine oftentimes as gardeners we

find that we start these any sooner

you're gonna have a jungle and that

jungle is gonna choke out other plants

is gonna just take up sunlight because

the leaves get really big

and it just gets to be a hassle so start

them two to three weeks and you're gonna

be just fine now direct sowing this is

very very important oftentimes as

gardeners we want to start you know our

beets and our radishes and our corn and

peas and doors it seems so many people

doing that do not do that

don't do that I promise me you're not

gonna do it post in the comments box

below and promise me you're not gonna

start any of these indoors the reason

why is because beets carrots radishes

and potatoes those are all root

vegetables if you're harvesting them for

their roots they're not going to be

transplanted out well is it's gonna

damage the roots and if you're only

growing it for the root you don't want

to damage it the next thing you don't

want to do is corn corn is a horrible

one to transplant don't ask me why but

it's just a horrible one to transplant

also the reason why I highlighted corn

and beans is because of the fact that

you want to start them not as soon as

you can these you can actually so the

ones that are unhighlight 'add you can

sow those as soon as the ground

unthought as soon as you can work it and

it's your and it's some kind of in that

safe zone for growing you can actually

start these however with corn and beans

you want to direct sow them but direct

sow them when the when the soil is above

50 degrees when the soil is warm to the

touch because corn and beans were

actually rot and mold if you put them in

cool damp soil so you want to wait on

those but you do want to direct sow them

do not start them indoors so now that

you have this list kind of what you want

to do is you want to say okay I'm

starting Tomatoes let's say I'm starting

tomatoes indoors how do I know what date

should I start them on because I know

they're 4 to 5 weeks it's very very

simple what you want to do is you want

to take a calendar and we take a

calendar here and obviously you know

we're in February now but let's say

you're let's say your last frost date is

April 20th

that's a roundel reef where we put our

plants outdoors so let's say you're your

last frost date is April 20th and you

want to start Tomatoes that's 4 to 5

weeks before your last frost date it's

very simple you just go one

two three four five very simple very

very simple and that's going to give you

around four or five weeks so I always

suggest starting your tomatoes on March

16th if your last frost date was April

20th obviously and the same thing goes

for two to three weeks very simple it's

not me not me so if it's April 20th two

to three weeks one two you can start it

at the latest April six what you want to

go up you can oh hello you can start it

on the 30th of March and you're gonna be

just fine

this is totally fine to start here

that's that is two to three weeks right

there so that's going to give you your

your your rough start time again if you

don't start right on on the 30th of

March you're not going to have a failed

garden you could even start it on the

29th of March and you're gonna be just

fine but it gives you a very accurate

kind of an accurate start time so that

you don't have an overgrown plant and

you don't defeat the purpose of starting

indoors like we talked about as you

probably saw I color-coded my start

times probably wondering why are you why

did you do that well let's see here

I'm starting for our garden I'm starting

tomatoes peppers basil onions and celery

then I'm also growing things like

lettuce cabbage broccoli spinach

cucumbers okay and I'm starting all of

those so why I color code is I can go

back to my I can go back to my calendar

here and I will look at the color coding

yellow I obviously highlight everything

which I shouldn't have done but yellow

ok yellow is 4 to 5 weeks I will say ok

all right so since I'm starting my seeds

4 to 5 weeks for yellow that would be

like all my tomatoes I'm gonna highlight

March 16th and that kind of tells you ok

I'm starting all of my peppers tomatoes

basil onions and celery and

date and it kind of gives you a little

bit of key there and then if I want to

start let's say my orange stuff which is

all my two to three weeks I'm going to

highlight that date there and then for

blue I save blue for the last frost date

because that's when I can direct so all

of the things well almost all the things

that are direct so required see so there

you go there is a super simple guide on

what to plant and when to plant it

hopefully you all enjoyed definitely

give us a big thumbs up forget it all

done in one video I think it was going

to happen but it did so that's always

surprising for me cuz they usually end

up being a little bit longer than

expected but I'm glad I got it done also

like give us a big thumbs up for seed

starting it's just a great time of year

and it gets all of us excited so thumbs

up for that also let us know in the

comments box below what you are starting

if you are starting anything and also

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around you that are into the gardening

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to you all later in sleep from the my

gardener channel and I'll talk to you

all later see ya bye