Starting Vegetable Seeds Indoors: Planting, Watering, Feeding Tomatoes & Peppers- KIS Series (3)

welcome to the rustic garden so this is

my third video on starting vegetable

seeds indoors we're going to talk about

starting your tomatoes and peppers we're

going to talk about when do you water

them how do you know to water them and

when do you feed them in the next video

we're going to start lavender and herbs

so let's get started with the question

that I get asked very often how do you

know when to water your seed starts

number one is you don't want them to

always be overly wet and sitting in

water or you're going to run a good

chance of getting diseases and root rot

in your plants so this is a starting mix

right here that is a hydrated it's

filled with water they've been watered

and you can see how dark they are now as

they start to dry out the tops dry first

and the dry starting mix will start to

look like that the colors starting to

lighten this is a completely dry

starting mix you want to start thinking

about watering when you're starting

mixed the top of your starting mix looks

just like that you could water that day

that's perfectly fine if you're starting

mix gets completely light this is the

color that it looks like in the bag

that's okay but you're going to have to

water that day and what happens is the

tops dry first the moisture stays down

here in the cells in the bottom of the

cells so your plants getting moisture so

you just eyeball it as it transitions

from dark you know to a lighter brown to

completely light that's when you want to

water I'm going to show you how I bottom

water I always recommend bottom watering

it's a lot easier you just pour it into

the tray if you wandering on the top

your splash and all kinds of stuff

around and it's a mess now feeding your

plants and this is a question I get

asked a lot organic or chemical

fertilizer and chemical fertilizers are

basically processed by human beings the

truth is everything in the world is the

chemical this is a chemical this is a

chemical this will not harm you don't

get so attached to the word chemical

thinking that it's deadly poison it's

not this is an organic fertilizer it's

perfectly fine I like using organic out

in my garden in my earth beds for this

reason this is usually made out of


products like blood meal or bone meal or

plant products cottonseed meal different

things that have to decompose and break

down to make the nitrogen phosphorus and

potassium available to your plants if

you put this into your starting mixes

because they're not fully broken-down

other things like them too like fungus

so if you're using new organics in your

starting mixes and if you can see all

this white growing on here when you move

it around

that's fungus that is growing because

this is these are chives are these

onions that are being started and I used

organic fertilizer fungus will enjoy the

organic fertilizer now that fungus

doesn't mean it's necessarily harmful to

the plant but you're going to get fungus

growth the other thing that can happen

is that smell attracts fungus gnats and

insects if you bring these in inside and

out while they're developing and organic

fertilizer will stink this is a

processed fertilizer this is what I like

using for my seed starts if you put in

the job's fertilizer in here mix it up

made a gallon for a supply after a

couple of days this is going to smell

and stink to high heaven that's why I

like to use a chemical fertilizers now

when you're using them in the last video

I said it you want an NPK that stays

under five five five this is a three one

two that's why if you want to use it

this is a fifteen thirty fifteen cut it

down so I used about a quarter strength

to bring this down as close as I can get

to a five five five so we have the

fertilizer in it when do you feed your

tomatoes and peppers

once they germinate break the surface in

about ten to fourteen days that's when

you want to give them their first

feeding they're going to survive off of

the seed coat to start the tomatoes here

I've been fed twice they just got fed

they're about five weeks old and they

look pretty good now it's too early to

start my tomato and pepper plants here

in Maryland zone seven you want to start

Tomatoes six to eight weeks before the

outdoor night temperatures hover around

50 degrees because they like

the warm so if you're putting them out

in the nights are getting cooler not to

frost where the plants kill the tomatoes

just sit there you want to start your

peppers eight to ten weeks before the

night temperatures are going to be

around 50 degrees and that's just a

general guideline so let's just assume

that this is it two weeks we got two

week old tomato plants or peppers in

there this is the same way if it wasn't

a feeding time this would just be plain

water and this is how I do it

just fill up the see tray to about a

quarter of the way the whole bottom

should have water on it maybe a quarter

let's see yeah a quart of the way and

you can see that these are floating

that's enough water now and I always

leave one side open like this so you can

just put the water and it'll take care

of all of these as we go to planting

you're going to see these get a little

bit darker I think let me add a little

more so about a quarter of the way third

away after 20 minutes of these cells

sitting in here whatever doesn't get

absorbed just dump out but with practice

you get pretty used to how much water

has to go in there so this will all be

absorbed through the bottom so every 10

to 14 days after germination feed your

plants that will give them enough

fertilizer all right let's get to

planting plantings pretty

straightforward now I'm also planning

these as if you know you don't need

massive amounts of tomato and pepper

plants you just want you know half a

dozen or 12 of each peppers I put in

three because sometimes they don't

germinate as well as tomatoes

you know you could do two if you don't

want to waste seeds and I'm not going to

plant all of these because like I said

it's too early here I'll probably start

mine probably peppers I'll probably

start the beginning of April there's

only two in there and the tomatoes I'll

probably start middle of April so once

the peppers are in you just put them on

top and then you're just going to press

them in now I did a video where people

you know would always well how far do I

plant them I did this with tomatoes I

put Tomatoes just right on the top with

like a little bit of soil on top press

them down a half an inch excuse me and

then press them down all the way to the

bottom of the starting cell and every

single one grew perfectly fine so you

don't really have to worry too much

about depth just press them in with a

popsicle stick cover them with this

starting mix and the water is going to

come up from the bottom I like to use

the popsicle sticks make sure you just

label them red cherry starting date

January 2nd that's all you need talk

about germination for both of these in a

second now the tomatoes same process

these are indigo apples I'm just going

to put two seeds in there I'm going to

do them all to just save some time

but just drop the two seeds down in each

corner and I just press them in about a

quarter of an inch and then you just

drop some your starting mix on top and

that gets your plants started now again

in keeping it simple you don't have to

start with these starting trays these

are more for somebody who's going to

have up to 72 plants in their garden if

you are just going to grow a handful of

tomatoes and peppers go ahead and use a

cups like I showed you in the last video

let's see those are peppers and you

would do the same thing fill the cup up

just like that

the benefit of doing this is once these

Tomatoes you know get to the size over

here they have to get transplanted in

two cups three pepper seeds just make a

triangle now this one should have been

Tomatoes but we'll just leave it pretend

that's it tomato plant or tomato seeds

and just press these down about a

quarter of an inch pack it down

and you have your peppers and your

Tomatoes when these get up to about that

tall maybe an inch just cut back the two

that are the weakest leave your

strongest plant let's get them out of

there and this is what you'll end up

with you have tomatoes and peppers a

single plant growing in an 8 ounce cup

and if you can see in there but there's

water same thing see there you go bottom

water from here there's holes in the

cups make sure you put holes in the

bottom and it just stays nice and clean

this way you're not splashing the soil

around it's not a mess you can bring

this in and out of the house if you want

to acclimate them to the Sun you wanted

to get into the Sun when it's warmer you

can do whatever you want put them right

under your grow lights but this is a

perfect way to get them started in

another video I was showing people how

you could just skip the cups now those

have eight plants over there but you

could just put your plants in by seed

into and container like this and then

we're going to cut them out and put them

right into the garden so there's a lot

of ways you can start tomatoes and

peppers and doors and you can do

whatever you see for a tomato you can do

for a pepper the difference really being

is Tomatoes you're going to start six to

eight weeks before the night

temperatures are about you know 4550

degrees and you're going to do peppers

eight to twelve weeks before

nothing is exact you might even hear me

say things a little bit differently just

follow these as guidelines and these

will these guidelines will help you be

extremely successful in seed starting

everything indoors let me just make sure

I covered everything all right this is

all you need to really get these going

for the lighting we're going to talk

about that and in case you're getting

started early what I'm recommending is

that once the tomatoes and peppers

germinate and break the surface give

them 24 hours of light for three days

that will just really help the seed

starts the germinating seeds be really

really strong now when you put in

tomatoes tomatoes are going to germinate

somewhere between 5 to 10 days when the

temperatures of the seed starting area

are 70 to 75 degrees

if you warm it up a little more they're

going to germinate quicker peppers tend

to take longer

they take somewhere 7 to 15 days and

they like the heat in a gentle area to

be 75 or 80 degrees so don't worry if

your Tomatoes come up first and your

peppers are sitting around because they

usually lag and come from behind the

peppers tomatoes hope you have a great

2017 I'm excited for the new year please

check out my blog at