How to PERFECTLY Time Your Fall Garden Planting

what's up everyone Kevin here from epic

gardening today we're talking about one

of my favorite seasons to garden ever

which is fall a lot of us as we move out

of somewhere we get kind of bummed out

we're losing those Tomatoes those

peppers those eggplants all of our

classic summer crops are kind of going

out the window they're spent we've eaten

them we've harvested them we preserve

them and they're gone right so a lot of

us might close up shop and we should say

okay we're done for the season we're

done for the year but there's so much to

explore in fall gardening so in today's

video I'm going to talk about why fall

gardening is so effective and

exceptional and things that you can

really do but we're also gonna give you

a complete understanding or at least the

way I think about growing in fall so

that includes crop selection all the way

down to certain cultivar selection as

well as how to know I think the biggest

question people have is when do I start

my fall crops so that they don't get

killed by the frost and how do I make

sure that that's all perfect so we're

going to go through a calculation that

you can do to make sure you're planting

all your crops at the exact right time

so that you're pulling these beans or

you're pulling whatever you want before

the frost and you don't lose your crops

timing is so important in fall remember

in the spring you're moving into longer

days and warmer temps then you have your

summer period and then as summer fades

out and you're moving into fall into

winter you have shorter days and colder


so the first thing that you think about

when it comes to fall gardening is what

plants can I even grow so there's a lot

of plants that work and of course it is

zone dependent or climate dependent but

the things that should come to the top

of your mind

most root crops your radishes your

turnips your carrots your beets all do

fantastic anything that's an Asian green

your pact choice your Chinese cabbages

your collards your chards I'm now going

into the brassicas your broccoli and

cauliflower so all of these really love

to mature as the days get shorter and

colder and you'll find that even the

flavor of them can tend to get a little

bit sweeter tends to get a little better

as you get closer to that looming frost

date so those make them a really good

option for growing now to speak nothing

of the plant but to get into the

specific cultivar so even in the world

of radishes you have your almost twenty

five day radishes all the way up to like

a 55 60 day radish like a large daikon

radish and so depending on your frost

date you're gonna want to be choosing

varieties that are maturing at the

appropriate time so if you know you only

have about 45 days until your first

frost you certainly don't want to choose

a 55 day radish you may want to choose

the 30 35 45 day radish and then you

know you're gonna get it out in time but

now we're gonna get into exactly how to

calculate your fall planting time

okay so here we have the fall planting

calculator this is the way that I like

to do it yes it's a little technical but

it does guarantee that you're gonna get

it right so the thing to think about

before we even get into this is when

you're thinking about planting and fall

you have to think backwards in time

because you have the date that many of

your plants will die if you have a

killing frost it's named that for a

reason right things will die if they get

hit by attempts that are that low and so

what you have to do is say okay now I

need to think backwards if that's the

day that everything will die or certain

things will die then I need to make sure

I've given enough buffer so that I can

get my harvest out before that so this

is how I like to do it so the first

thing you got to do is you got to start

at the bottom you have to know when that

frost date is so just for our purposes

in this little exercise I'm gonna put

November first so let's just say it's 11

1 then you have to know let's imagine

we're doing a radish because radishes

are a really easy crop to calculate this

out on so radishes

it says days from seed to transplant

days from transplant to harvest radishes

are a direct sown crops if you are going

to start a seed let it germ and then

transplant it into the garden you would

put a number here and then from here you

would say okay well once I transplanted

it to harvest what's that period of time

so radishes since their direct sown it's

actually going to be a zero there so

that makes this a little simpler and

let's go with 30 days for the seed to

harvest because many radishes are a 30

day variety so I'm gonna put a 30 right

here and now let's explain some of these

important things here now harvest period

is if you're growing like a cut and come

again style crop like if you're growing

kale you don't just pull the entire

plant at the same time most of the time

and you can see my video up in the right

hand corner here you're going to be

harvesting over a period so let's say

kale has a 2-week harvest period you

would put a 14 there and that lets you

know you got to back your planting data

up even a little bit more but for

radishes you just pull it as soon as

it's ready so that's going to be a zero

now the fall factor this is something

that's basically saying okay the days

are far longer getting shorter and temps

are higher getting lower right which

means that the plant is getting less and

less of what it needs it's getting less

Sun and it's getting less favourable

temperatures so it will the

growth of the plant a little bit or it

will slow it down and so what you're

gonna do here is it's anywhere from

one to two weeks so seven to 14 days I

have a more mild fall off here in zone

10 B so what I'm gonna do is I'm just

gonna put a seven here and I can even

honestly with my climate get away with a

zero here but just for the intents of

this exercise I'll put a seven here and

that's basically saying I'm giving

myself an extra week just because it's

going to grow a little slower these the

days to harvest might be a little bit

slowed down now here I'm not gonna put

anything but frost tender factor means

even if you have low ish temperatures

there's certain plants that you really

want to pull and harvest before it even

gets that low so something like a corn

is a great example corn doesn't really

want to even come into contact with some

frost and so you might put a frost

tender factor of a week to give yourself

that buffer so if this frost date is a

little off because remember these are

all averages then if this is a little

bit off you give yourself a little weak

buffer and you say you know what I'll

make sure I back that planting up even

one more week just so I don't hit those

cold temperatures but again for radishes

we've got a zero so in this case you

then add all this up so zero zero zero I

know there's a lot of zeros but I want

to make it simple for you guys so 37

days right so 37 days before November

first so basically that's September 23rd

ish so that means today's video is it

coming out or it's being filmed on the

9th of September so that means that in a

couple weeks that's pretty much my last

day to start radishes right and so now

what we're gonna do is I'm gonna bump

you in to my little planting spreadsheet

to show you kind of how I calculate all

this stuff and the only reason I do with

this complex is because I'm trying to

really really perfect it and make sure I

have everything pumping out so I can

show you guys everything that's going on

if you're more of a laissez faire

gardener you can just be much more calm

about this you don't have to go this

crazy but I do want to kind of teach you

this is the mentality that's certainly

like it an urban farmer or a farmer

would be thinking on because they can't

really get this stuff wrong so if you

want to guarantee success then this is a

really good way to do it let's go ahead

and now hop on the computer and take a

look at my planting spreadsheet so guys

here is my fall planting calendar and

schedule and spreadsheets though this is

just a map of the front yard and the

numbers here up here correspond to the

different beds the bed numbers and then

all the numbers within the beds these

are all one square foot correspond to

the plants that I'm putting in there so

this is just my way of visualizing the

garden but the real special sauce in my

opinion and it talks about the planting

calculator that we just talked about is

right here so you've got your crop name

the date you planted it how many you

planted in which bed did you direct

solar did you transplant it then you

have your germination time and your days

to maturity or days to harvest and then

you have the spring and fall factor and

it spits out an expected harvest so

let's say you take a look at this red

Ursa kale right here so I saw those

seeds on the fifth of September so four

of them and they're going to go in bed

three so if we go over here we say okay

bed three there it is it's going to be

number seven so it's gonna be right

there in the bed right then you've got

germination time and days to mature you

so 5 foot 65 about 70 days plus another

7 for that fall factor means that if I

plant it on the 5th of September is

coming out of the ground on the 21st and

of course I can also add that harvest

period in here as well maybe another 14

days so that would push it more towards

the beginning of December but that's

basically it the other thing that I

really like about the spreadsheet that I

made here is it's a little space

calculator so if you say ok I have I

have you know 10 square feet available

it will tell you okay you can plant this

many of you know a particular plant so

you could say okay well basil is about 4

per square foot if you really want to

cram it in there you can get 40 in 10

square feet so if you have you know a

couple square feet left in a bed you say

ok I have 2 square feet left but I want

to put some chart in there I need to be

starting 8 plants so that's what I

really like about this spreadsheet just

something I whipped up really quickly to

help me visualize fall and really

squeeze things out because what I can do

now is I can say okay well you know if

if all the plants in this bed are 3045

day crops I know they're coming out in a

certain period of time then I know how

to start succession sowing and really

getting into my next level of planting

so that's that I hope that was really

helpful on it on just the planning I

know this is very analytical and nerdy

it's the way that works for me a lot of

people are more intuitive about it or

aren't quite as particular about it that

certainly works for me to refined so now

we're here in the front yard all the

seeds that you saw in the spreadsheet

most of them have been started most of

them have germinated so I just got

finished putting a lot of these

and so what I like to do really depends

on the type of seed so for certain

things like all my leafy greens I prefer

to start and then transplant in just

because just helps with germination it

seems like a little more success right

there I can guarantee they germinate

without drying out there's some carrots

and radishes a lot of root crops in the

secondary bed here and you'll see this a

little frost blanket here this is a

really helpful tip you can use burlap

you can use a wooden board you can use

frost blanket something like that what

you're trying to do when you're doing

these carrots which are very sensitive

germinate errs the seed is tiny if they

germinate and dry out at all they just

die you want to put some sort of cover

over the top to make sure that that

moisture is held in when you're doing

these fall root crops like a carrot or a

turnip or something like that so that's

what I've done here I sowed these just a

few days ago so I'll take a little bit

of time for them to come up they haven't

come up quite yet and I make sure that I

my drip is run every day I make sure

that I might even hand water over the

top just to make sure that they're nice

and moist so that's a good fall crop

germination tip but I just got a couple

more things to put in here I got some

daikon radish that I actually did start

in a seat tray just because I wanted to

experiment with it so that's going to go

in this over here and really guys fall

is such a fun time to garden I can't

wait to show you guys what's going on in

these beds as we move into the next

couple of months so if you have any fall

gardening questions any specific things

definitely drop them down below

but for now gonna get back to work I'll

see on the next one good luck in the

garden and keep on growing