The Basics of Greenhouse Gardening

okay so I'm Jeff I'm a member of the

Woodcrest Bruderhof

and my job is to grow the vegetables

somebody's got to do it we're starting a

series of video blogs here we're hoping

to take you through some of the details

of vegetable production where I'm

located here in upstate New York Rifton

we're in a wakil river valley we've got

the wakil behind me and we got the

backdrop of the shunga mountains the

north end of the world-famous chumhum's

and we've got beautiful river bottom

soil we farm about 20 acres and that's

enough vegetables to feed our community

of 300 people here at Woodcrest there's

not too much going on right now outside

so I'd like to talk a little about about

greenhouse production so follow me into

the greenhouse

so it's early April

time to start see how to start a thief

well how does the seed sprouts got to

have light got to have heat got to have

moisture light heat moisture we got

broccoli seedlings here these are just

off the heat mat seedlings ready to get

transplanted out this guy's about five

days old what we've done is we've seeded

a fairly tight spacing on a seed

starting tree and what has to happen


in this greenhouse process is the safety

seedlings and Transplant them into

larger sized plug this is called a plug


you've got clocks one and a half where

it sells in here each plant is going to

get transplanted into a plug so let's

talk a bit about light what's going to

happen as these plants grow up they're

looking for the light they sense the

neighboring plants are doing the same

thing so when they start getting crowded

out they're going to grow up higher and

higher competing for that light and what

you're going to end up with is a really

leggy Thinley plant if you don't give it

enough space let's say you keep it 90

degrees in here or 85 the plants aren't

going to die but what's going to happen

is with the length of day that we have

now in April with the amount of light

the plants are thinking where's the

light it's really hot or where is the

light and they're going to grow up

looking for that light thinking they're

getting crowded out so you've got to

keep this time here you got to keep your

greenhouse temperature cooler I keep you

know keep it six degrees in here through

that look through automatic ventilation

class need moisture but you don't want

to overdo it

if you overwater them they're going to

get diseases like damp off obviously

under watering they're going to dry up

so you got to do it about you've got to

do it by feel keep them moist but not

sitting a lot of water the root system

should not be saturated the whole time

I'm watering this

time of year about once every two days

some of the plants I overhead water

they're more tolerant some of the more

sensitive plants to water on the leaves

like tomatoes which disease easier I

bottom soak what happens when a plant to

spend its entire life inside a ideal

conditions of the greenhouse they're

tender they're they're not really ready

for the harsh conditions of the field to

wind the direct sunlight the moisture or

the dryness of the soil they need to be

hard enough we do that here in the cold

frame just a simple structure with a bit

of a lid clear lid we can close at night

just to keep them protected during the

night but then they're mostly open

they're exposed to a bit of wind they're

exposed to direct sunlight and I also

let them dry out a bit I don't water

them and let the roots dry up they wilt

a little bit maybe and that that

produces a tougher plant that's more

ready for the conditions that are in the

field when we transplant them out so

here's what happens when you wait too

long before you set your plants in the

ground they get root bound you can see

it's just a mass of white roots with

nowhere to go inside that's the plastic

plugs great and that's a problem that's

going to stunt growth next is the

broccoli plant with the correct amount

of root growth so that covers the basic

greenhouse production here at the

Woodcrest farm and we'll see you later