How to play piano: The basics, Piano Lesson #1


yeah so this video is for someone that

is an absolute beginner panner they have

no idea anything about piano but music

but they've always you know been

interested maybe you've been interested

Lena have by piano or you just like

music and you wish you could play music

yourself or maybe you're trying to

you're getting older and you're looking

for a new hobby to pick up or maybe even

you just want to use it for the like

brain benefits because I mean playing

how to play piano actually it's proven

to make you smarter because it actually

improves neurological connections in the

brain and develops it and works it out

and many different ways and prevents

like later on brain disorders like

dementia and whatnot and it basically

just Tunes everything up kind of like a

pianos in tune Oh

so let's tune your brain up okay so I'm

gonna be sharing the basics and it's

sort of an ongoing lesson series which

will I'll start really really basic so

even if you have know a little bit about

piano before but you just don't have any

clue for later stuff just use this as a

review a couple few lessons will

probably be most people know but if you

don't that's fine

this is what this is for it's for the

absolute beginner if you have never

taken beyond in your life and you just

want to learn and then eventually it's

gonna go on and show you things that you

probably don't alright so let's get

right into it so the first thing you

want to cover is fingers your finger

numbers so your fingers actually have

or names so that we can know which

finger we need to play on the piano by

rating it on the sheet music later on in

later lessons I'll teach you guys how to

read shoot me as I kind of stuff like

that so but for now let's just leave

that that's what we use it for is to

tell I can be able to communicate which

finger you want on which instead of

going like oh well that finger on your

right hand goes there and it'd be too

big so how it goes it's pretty simple

just look at your fingers like this or

like that whatever and all you do is

your thumbs are gonna be called one

pointing fingers or two three four five

just outward so one two three four five

one two three four five pretty easy


yeah so that's it just 1 2 3 4 5 5 4 3 2


so both thumbs are 1 2 3 4 5 one thing

is if you playing scales you want to be

thinking from left to right so now you

notice look the left side of my left

hand is my fifth finger and the left

side of my right hand is my first finger

so don't let the numbers confuse you


it's think left to right some when

you're playing together okay so that's

finger numbers the next thing we're

gonna do is alright so here we are at

the piano so we're first gonna learn all

the names of these keys now I know what

you're thinking Andrew there's a lot of

keys here are you sure we're gonna have

time to learn all the names alone yes we

are actually because there's actually

only seven names for all these keys so

what would the names be based off of

well it's actually the English alphabet

so a-b-c-d-e-f-g that's it so there are

actually 88 keys in this whole piano so

somehow seven letters can't

you know 788 there's something wrong

here unless they just repeat don't they

so this actually repeats from here to

here so on a standard piano like a

full-size standard piano like a grand

piano like this or a full standard

regular piano there's 88 keys other

keyboards have different amounts of keys

but this one just has 88 okay all right

so at the very bottom of an 88 key

keyboard is an a so it starts at the

first letter with the first note because

this is actually the first note because

it goes this way in China it's always

going from left to right just like when

you read so this is the bottom and

that's the top so the bottom note is a

and it goes a B C D G so if you ever get

lost that's all you do you just go down

to the bottom you can when you go ABCD

efg and then you find whichever note

that you're looking for and do that okay

so that's the bottom of the keyboard now

up at the top the top note is actually a

see now how do I know that well I know

that because of the Black Keys the Black

Keys there's two of them and then three

of them three - three - and they're all

throughout the piano and what do they do

they actually tell me where I am at the

piano because these Black Keys could

have easily just been made into white

keys and then pushed into the spaces in

between right the whole point of these

is to actually be able to determine

where you are playing because imagine if

someone's just like okay well I'll play

the you know the seven you want to key

up here the Sun you not 7170 first it's

any first key and then like the 29th and

the 38 together or something like that

how would you really know right because

there would be no way to count that this

is a or C or whatever unless you have

these because that actually shows the

shape of the key and it gives you an

idea of where you are so that's actually

how you find the key you're looking for

when you're playing on the piano now

this is the easy way like the

fail-safe ways to go

cdefg and then I have a couple tricks

for learning how to memorize those keys

so to find a C which is the most

important key basically well it's not

really the most important but it's the

most centrally used so there's the C up

at the top the at the bottom now in the

middle we have what's called middle C

and that's middle C right there all we

do is we look for two Black Keys and

then to the left of that not C now if

we're gonna find a so a would be you

find three Black Keys and then go to the

middle one of the three and then go to

the right three middle now we go

somewhere else three at all right that's

an A these are all a's and those are all

a's okay so a starts that if you ever

want to find you know you want to just

count up the letter e of the alphabet

you just go find those three Black Keys

and go hey ABC ABCD efg so that's how

that works

now there's other ways to memorize them

because eventually we want to make it so

that you can just look at a key and know

it's note name so I've done that with

people in my lessons like the first

lesson they know all the keys on the

piano and they can hit the keys so it is

possible to learn it very quickly if you

just want to the biggest predator piano

just like anything else is the amount of

determination you have to learn it so

it's mainly up to you and how much you

practice and then the information I give

you you can use the tools to speed up

your progress okay so this is C that's a

so a is to the right of the middle black

key and C is to the left of the two

Black Keys now we have another one

called F so we go three black keys to

the left so look at this C and F look

very similar don't there they almost

look like copies of each other if you

only had two black keys here and two

black keys here they'd look identical so

what we actually have to do is we have

to see the difference between this is

two black keys and that's three so

people can get those two confused so

that's why I try to teach them at the

same time to explain the differences so

that they don't get confused so C has

two black keys and F has three that's

the only difference because they look

exactly the same

okay now the other two look-alikes are

the e key and the B key so E and be

funny so he has two and B has three

that's basically a he's got two B's got

three and that's all you can do so you

go back and forth between those try

testing yourself like that okay now the

next key is d so D goes right in the

middle or right in between the two black


now the reason D do you sort of be

actually easier to understand and other

ones because well remember not

understand but it's because they're

going right between the two black keys

right here

so D is sort of like I'd end I'm gonna

get into the done here coos yep and

watch some TV with my whatever if I was

that bad crate I could just do to do set

up my TV there I could have like a nice

plasma up against the wall there

although I think LCDs are better than

our anti anyway oh yeah that's a bit

off-topic but yeah so D is for it like

it done so that's me you just look for

two black keys and then go pretty simple


and now we knew a was there so G is just

the key to the left of it

so G is to the left of the middle marks

and look at this they sort of look like

mirror images of each other you don't

that right if you put a mirror in the

middle I'd be like they're mirror images

of each other

so just remember G's on the left and a

is on the right okay so those are the

keys all right so next up here is hand

position so I'm going to show you how to

move your hands in the right way and how

to play the keys now that you know what

all the keys actually are so they just

repeat up and down on the keys and with

our fingers what we actually want to do

we actually want to create kind of semi

circles with their hands and we're gonna

play with the side powder right on like

this right there and that just plays

down into the key and when we play the

key we need to always make sure that we

go right down to the bottom of the key

we don't want to do this because then no

sound actually happens we have to play

right down to the bottom of the key what

makes it louder or softer is how fast

you depress the key if we go it's loud

if we do it slowly it's softer so just

think of pushing more weight in to get

it louder and then just just letting the

arm weight of your hand just do that we

work for you if you're trying to get a

soft sound okay so that's how you press

the key now that's with your thumb your

thumb is actually the most awkward

finger you have probably some of the

best ones the best fingers for playing

passages are these ones your second and

third finger your strongest two fingers

and then you fourth and fifth they're

kind of together and they're a little

bit weaker so they take more training so

you're probably gonna find it easiest to

play with these three fingers because we

use them the most because how often do

we ever like use our fourth and fifth

finger to like open up a bottle of milk

like never right so they need a little

bit more training to get the

neurological connections you know

created and stronger in those areas so

if you're finding oh my fingers aren't

listening to me I just can't play piano

don't worry about it

I'll all come together soon you just

gotta practice and I'll view

it'll be fine in no time okay so when we

play on the piano we actually need to

keep our hand very mediocre we don't

want to do this with our wrist we don't

want any wrist up or wrist down we just

put it in the middle we don't want to be

pushing our hands way up in the air or

way down we don't want to be playing

like this like this is for a playground

that's just very very bad posture and

it's not good so what we want to do is

keep our hand kind of level with the

floor so we're not gonna have a dip in

the wrist anything too crazy but the

main thing here is not to get a stiff

wrist you don't want something that's

deaf we don't wanna get stiff we want to

just be relaxed so it should feel like

your hand is like light and feathery


so keep your hand level with the floor

and then your fingers are sort of like

bridges or archways and you're just

gonna transfer the weight into those

fingers so what you can think of is you

can think of a bridge and there's like

green grass on one side and green love

the grass on the other and then there's

like this cobblestone bridge and it's

going over these sparkling little

streams and everything or like a river

and it's going right through the little

valley and then there's people on top of

the bridge this would be the bridge the

finger and they're looking down and then

whenever you do this the bridge breaks

and everyone's like loose and they fall

into the river and then alligators eat

them up so we don't want to feed the

people to the alligators by doing this

keep it rigid like nice and strong only

for the time then you're actually

hitting the note and then relax as soon

as you've done so an exercise to do that

is to play loud as quickly as you can

play quiet okay that I'll train you to

relax your fingers quicker okay so

you're gonna push down into the key

thread it with the arm weight that's

already in your arm and I'll get into

more detail with that in a later lesson

so keep the fingers curved never do this

that's very bad cute like that

okay and we're not as well you just want

let your hand drop and see how my

fingers have a natural curve that I just

let them kind of go onto the piano and

they were good so keep them very relaxed

okay now I'm going to teach you how to

do a C major scale so the C major scale

is one of the most basic things you can

do so we're gonna start off with a five

note finger pattern C major scale why is

it called five because I have five

fingers so we're just going to play five

notes so we start on guess what note

first E major scale C so you find two

black notes put our fifth finger on C

okay and then we're gonna play four on D

and we're just gonna go up


okay now we actually want to be able to

get to here though that's a full scale

right there we need to get to the next C

so we start on a C and then we end on a

C so to do that we actually have to do

something called the TOC so we're going

to do the first five notes and then as

we do this we're actually going to keep

our hand like this and move it over and

I'm gonna slide underneath and as you do

this you have to keep your hands flat so

it shouldn't be kind of doing this like

a whole flopping motion or I'm shouldn't

be moving up and down it's just gonna be

a barre


okay all right

now keep in mind that what I'm doing

this I'm also trying to film at the same

time so give me a break if my posture or

something is wrong with the fingers

that's how it should look

so the tack can be the trickiest part

for some people and they have some

problems with that so what I suggest for

an exercise for that is do this

so you're gonna play your second finger

then your thumb and then you're gonna

move over so it should be a very very

kind of like this kind of motion not

like this it's sort of very horizontal

not vertical so horizontal you take your

hand squishes up like an accordion and

then this much moved I don't know

just like that and then that's how it

works so it comes in and then your thumb

goes under sort of like it's going into

a cave


and that's a c-major scale goes from C

to C okay so when you're doing it you

should aim for a nice tone so all the

all the notes should sound even you

don't want this


okay and also should be study so nothing

like that's just horrible

so it should be study

and all about the same volume that'll

create a nice singing tone like you want

to aim listen to your plane while you

play because it's very important that

you judge how are your notes are



okay so that's that that's a c-major

scale now we're gonna learn truncal

twinkle so twinkle twinkle little star

has two main themes or sections the

first one goes like this that's the

first thing I'll play it one more time

okay now it starts on the C with your

thumb and then we're gonna move our

pinkie like that because otherwise it

gets into this weird crossing finger

pattern and I don't want to do that on

the first last one okay so that's that

now the second theme goes like this so

you just repeat playing each note twice

so like G now and I'm actually doing

this I'm not thinking the actual letter

names I'm just thinking down down down

cuz I'm just going down and up and down

and up so try to think of direction

instead of the actual note names only

think is a note you're starting on and

the note you end on that'll cut down on

the amount of work your brain has to do

and I'll simplify everything okay so now

that we know those two themes we just do

it in this order we do one like team one

team two theme to team one so watch this

team one again


just adding in a little extra there for

you okay so that is trunk will talk a

little start yeah

so one thing I want to point out before

we finish here is I know I taught you a

song here but the main purpose of these

piano lessons isn't to teach you a bunch

of songs you know why okay people

probably heard this parable or slipped

dry before give them out of fish you

feed him for a day teach a man how to

fish and you feed him for a lifetime

so my whole philosophy or goal here with

the piano lessons isn't to like feed you

fish into your mouth or songs like

here's another song for you here's

another I'm just eating all these things

because then what happens is you have to

be dependent on me to give you another

song and then that puts you in a system

of where I have to teach you the songs

and then you can't learn whatever song

you want to on your own which kind of

sucks because then what happens is you

want to learn a song and I'm teaching

this song so what happens you want to

learn the song but I'm teaching this one

because I don't know what song do you

want to learn because it could be

anything all people are different so my

whole goal is to teach you how to learn

the song yourself so this song the

twinkle twinkle little star song is

something that I know we like everyone

knows it's familiar and it's kind of

like yeah it come play a song now so

just start off I don't see any harm in

showing you a couple songs but as the

lessons go on I won't be showing you any

more songs pretty much it'll just be

giving you techniques on how to do

different things and

more advanced ways so that you can learn

the songs that you want to and because

piano basically is just a song as a as a

whole bunch of different techniques and

kind of like tools put together or

functions and then you just if you know

all those different functions like you

know how to do Pali rhythms and you know

how to do a chord then you can play that

piece if that's all the pieces made up

so what I do is I give you all the tools

and the mechanisms I teach you how they

all work and give you tips on how to do

them then you practice them and then you

can go and you can learn any song that

you want to and then that way you can

have fun with music and just enjoy it

and you guys can all learn the songs

that you want to and like the whole the

whole world hopefully can expand the

music community and more people can

enjoy piano and just have fun with music

because music is an international

language you can go anywhere and just

play music for people on will be like

that's math so I'm trying to share that

with you guys because there's just

something in my heart that just wants

people out there like you who's watching

wants to give you guys a chance to enjoy

music even if you've never had the

chance before in your life because maybe

you didn't have a teacher you don't have

books or stuff like that so I'm gonna

keep going with the lessons of God this

is actually a retake on all old lessons

that I did before over the past two

years so I'm going through the old

lessons with the same plan but trying to

improve upon them with my new teaching

skills and higher quality and better

like lighting and everything so

hopefully I can match what I did in my

previous videos and I hope you guys

enjoy all the videos coming out so take

care happy practicing and I look forward

to seeing you in my next videos