HOW TO START VEGETABLE GARDEN SEEDS INDOORS / Canadian Gardening That Saves You Money!

hi everyone it's Earth week I've got my

favorite green tea on to celebrate and

today I'm teaching you how to start your

own vegetable plants from seed indoors

if you've never done this yourself

before this is the place for you

stick around


hey there welcome to the channel I'm Jen

least if you're new here this is a

Canadian YouTube channel that is all

about taking your least and making the

most out of it a little bit about myself

just in case those of you are watching

are wondering what authority do you have

to teach us gardening Jen are you just a

home gardener do you really know what

you're talking about I did spend every

summer throughout university working for

a gardening company a landscaping

company and I learned a lot so though I

didn't go to school as a

horticulturalist I picked up a lot of

knowledge along the way from the experts

and I include in my circle of experts my

parents my mum and dad they are avid

gardeners and they've taught me so much

along the road so most of what you're

going to hear from me are from things I

learned during that job in university

and growing up under some great

gardening green thumbs if you are a

newbie at this if you have never started

plants from seeds indoors or maybe you

have and you haven't had much success

this is the video for you I'm going to

simplify this process and I'm going to

show you how you can do this in several

different ways because we all have

different materials at home we don't all

have access to the same things so I'm

going to show you three different ways

you can start plants from home and it's

a lot easier than you think it's a lot

simpler than you think before we start

though I feel we really need to address

the elephant in the room in 2020 and

that is that we're going through a

crisis right now that is that some of

the materials I'm showing you may not be

available for you to buy if your home

town is like mine your greenhouses and

gardening centers have been shut down

and declared non-essential services I

could not disagree more with the

decision to declare gardening centers

non-essential I feel of any businesses

gardening centers are essential but if

you find yourself in the place where

nothing around you is open I wanted to

let you know that everything I'm talking

about today all the different products

I'm going to do some research and make

some Amazon

affiliate links below that you can go

online and purchase them for yourself if

you've never used an Amazon affiliate

link before it's super easy basically

it's just a portal I have set up to the

product that I'm recommending and you

can still use all your Amazon Prime

benefits everything like that it's just

a way that I can direct you to the

products I think are really worth your

time and investment and in turn by

buying it through that portal nothing is

different for you in terms of your

benefits other than it helps my channel

it when you're starting your plants from

seeds there are a few things you need to

research and know number one is you need

to take into consideration where you

live if you're Canadian like myself I'm

going to show you how you can find a

great website that separates Canada up

into different zones so when I work for

a gardening center in University it was

drilled into me that I lived in zone 5

in Canada you can see zone 5 on here and

there are different zones I have family

and friends who live in zone 6 even more

so than me and I'm kind of jealous of

them of the things they can grow like

peach trees that I can't grow here so

you need to know your zone because

that's going to have an impact on what

you can grow in your garden and also

it's going to have an impact on when you

can plant things in your garden each

zone has its own kind of last frost date

and first frost date so there are

certain tender plants like tomatoes

peppers cucumbers squash that you do not

want to plant in your garden until the

risk of danger of the last frost is gone

there's a lot of plants for example

tomatoes and pepper plants need to be

started indoors 6 to 8 weeks before the

last possible frost cucumbers and squash

you're looking at planting those about

three weeks before the last possible

frost indoors so because I am in zone

five I know that the last possible frost

each year is usually around the end of

May where I live a lot of people swear

by the

may - four things okay we can plant our

garden on May - 4 which is Victoria Day

weekend or Memorial Day weekend if

you're in the United States May - for

works sometimes but sometimes it doesn't

and this is why sometimes the May - for

weekend Falls much earlier than May 24th

on the calendar sometimes it falls on

the 18th or 19th of May and there may

still be another frost headed your way

if you're living in zone 5 or below a

great thing to do is to consult a

Farmers Almanac I have a Farmers Almanac

that I like to flip through because it

talks about the cycles of the moon and

how important that is

so Canada's Algonquin population which

is our digitus population who lived in

the area kind of around New England all

the way up to Lake Superior

they named the moons and I love how they

named the moons because it really gives

you a hint as to when to plant there's a

Harvest Moon there's a winter moon

there's a hunger moon and the moon that

is really important when it comes to

figuring out when to plant your garden

is the corn planting moon it can also be

called the full flower moon the cycle of

this moon once it is completed itself

your danger of Frost is likely over so

this year the corn planting moon's cycle

is not over until May 28th so I'm not

planning to plant most of my garden

until after that date and this leads me

to a little nugget of information that

my dad said over and over and over again

when I was growing up he said June 1st

June 1st June 1st he didn't know about

the cycles of the moon he didn't know

about what the Farmers Almanac said but

his dad had passed on to him and his dad

and his dad and his dad for many

generations living in Canada now that

you're safe to plant June 1st or later

so those who are gung-ho and start their

plants for their gardens indoors in like

March it's too soon it's too soon I'm

sorry to say that unless you're planning

on replanting all those plants starts in


much larger pots it's going to stress

your plants out because they're gonna

get leggy they're gonna get root bound

so research when your last frost is get

out your calendar every year and make

little notation that that's when you

want to start your seeds okay are you

ready to start first you want to find a

sunny window in your home if you have

heating lamps for growing plants inside

good for you

I certainly don't I've never invested in

anything like that maybe I will someday

but it has always worked like a charm to

simply grow things near a sunny window

in our case that's our Southwest facing

windows get yourself a table something

you can put your plants on in our case

it's just our rickety old folding table

that we've had since we got married and

then you can start working on planting

the first method of planting I wanted to

talk to you about is using fiber pots

inside of it's almost like its own mini

greenhouse kit it has a lid here

it's just show you the little fiber pots

inside they're just little disks if you

can see what they look like here and

they will expand when you add water so

I'm going to show you how you would use

something like this to do planting and

then I'm gonna show you a different

method that's maybe a little simpler for

you so this is the easy part what you're

going to do is simply take a picture of

water and you're going to gently pour it

into your container

I say gentle because you don't want the

fiber pots necessarily to be floating

all over the place so we're going to

pour a good amount of water into there

and then we're going to let the fiber

discs sit for 10 minutes at the end of

10 minutes they will have absorbed the

amount of water they need for planting

and then if there's excess water left

over you can simply drain that excess

water out before you plant your seeds

the next preparation method for soil for

indoor planting is just use a cell pack

bake some off your neighbors if you

don't have any in your greenhouses are

closed so quite simply you're going to

take potting soil if you've got some

potting soil around and you're just

gonna fill your cell pack

you can use your hands I am and you

really want to pack it in there because

you will lose some soil in the watering

so in goes your potting soil and then

you want to put it in some sort of train

in this case I'm just using like a

plasticy tray I have or you can use

terracotta or you can use a 9 by 13 pan

whatever you have on hand because you

need something for it to drain out into

and you can obviously fit several cell

packs in there I could probably fit

three on one tray if you do not have

potting soil there are other options for

you you can create your own soil using

just earth from the ground

combine it with some peat moss and black

earth from your gardening centre but if

you can't get your hands on even that go

outside and just get some dirt from your

flowerbed from your garden from anywhere

in your yard I just went out and swiped

this from my garden you can definitely

start seeds from just regular soil not

potting soil potting soil has

vermiculite in it it's like a styrofoam

e substance it's not natural so how do

you think people started seeds in their

houses before potting soil was an

invention answer they just used regular

soil so you can definitely just use

regular soil all it means is it likely

won't hold the water as long as a

potting soil would so you may have to

water more often but yes for thousands

of years people have been starting seeds

in regular soil so that's what you could

do so that's another option as well and

the third option I wanted to talk about

today is what if you don't have those

little fibers Puck's what if you don't

even have access to a cell pack well

this is easy you don't have to have your

plants separated into tiny little cells

if you don't want to you can simply take

your potting soil or your dirt put it

into a deep dish container plant your


in there separated by several inches

each and grow it that way then when you

go to transfer them to your garden you

just have to carefully use your fingers

to get each one out it's okay if the

roots are entangled a little bit you can

totally still transplant them that way

okay next we want to talk about what

you're going to plant you need to check

the back of your seed packets and see

where this plant can grow can it even

grow where you live if it can you're

good to go if you haven't already

watched my first Canadian prepper video

I'll link that to because I go into a

bit of detail there about a seed vault

that I purchased for an emergency just

such as this one in 2020 but I wanted to

show you what I was planting this year

so first I'm going to be planting a

whole lot of Roma tomatoes so here they

are roma tomatoes are perfect for salsa

and pasta sauce basically anything that

you don't want a really juicy tomato for

so I'm going to be planting at least a

dozen roma tomato plants the other

tomato plant I'm planting is just a

regular beefsteak tomato these are good

and juicy perfect for toasted tomato

sandwiches perfect for just slicing up

for a hamburger in the summer and then

one of my very favorite type of just a

real sweet juicy tomato is Bonnie best

so bonnie best is smaller than a

beefsteak but i love Barney best

tomatoes especially loving this summer

to chop them up and roast them in the

oven to put with pasta so delicious but

the beefsteak in the Bonnie best I

probably what would have as many plants

for probably about eight each I'm giving

you amounts based on my family of eight

and what I use for canning and

preserving and eating throughout the

summer if you have a smaller family or

just one or two of you at home obviously

you wouldn't need this many tomato

plants you're not going to need what's

twelve plus sixteen you're not gonna

need twenty-eight tomato plants but we

do at our house that's a minimum some

years we've planted many more and four

peppers I have a bunch of different

kinds first I have two types of hot

peppers so I'm going to be planting


Oh peppers and I'm going to be planting

a Hungarian yellow wax that's a hot

pepper my husband uses these for salsa

and myself I make the salsa as well he

also just cans them packs them in oil

and he'll slice them up and eat them all

winter long and then our sweet peppers

that we'll be planting today's so I have

California wonder green pepper and I

have a Hungarian yellow sweet banana

pepper and a red pepper so again

I use these in lots of different recipes

if you're a pepper fan some years it's

hit or miss in this zone in Canada how

well your peppers can actually do but I

like to get them started and plant them

anyway some years we have a bumper crop

so it just depends on the year as I

mentioned before we are going to wait

and plant our squash so that's our

zucchini acorn squash spaghetti squash

butternut squash and our cucumbers we're

gonna wait to plant those until May

until at least three weeks before the

last frost so probably the first or

second week of May is when I'm going to

start those so I'm not sure if the

camera can pick it up but as you can see

it's been 10 minutes and my little fibre

disks have expanded from very small to

very big ok so they probably I would say

they quadrupled in size at least and

there's no water left in the bottom

after I've left them for 10 minutes so

they're ready for me to plant I did want

to mention that your cell packs after

you have put the soil in them

you should also water them before you

put your seeds in same with just my dish

of soil back here I'm gonna add water to

it and get things nice and moist before

I put my seeds in the next thing which

is of utmost importance is to make

labels for your seeds you want to know

which ones were the hot peppers and

which ones were the sweet peppers when

you're putting them in these cell packs

so you can see I've just taken popsicle

sticks and written on them in sharpie so

you can see I've just written on my

popsicle sticks this one's for the

beefsteak tomatoes and I've just written

the variety of

what I'm planting and I'm gonna pop

those in the cell packs before I put the

seeds in okay I've got all of my pots

labeled ready to plant the next thing is

seeds the fun part the thing you need to

know about planting your seeds is that

you need to plant not one but two seeds

in every little cell pack or pot that

you're doing why because what if one

seed doesn't germinate you want to be

extra careful so you're gonna plant two

seeds for every one plant you want and

then once the plants start to come up if

you get two plants coming up in each pot

that's great

you can thin them out so take a plant

out and just toss it if you want or

replant it in another pot whatever you'd

like to do but you're gonna thin it out

at that point and then you'll have one

healthy plant per pot when you're

putting your seeds in follow the

directions on the back of your seed

packet a lot of times it'll say an

eighth of an inch or a quarter of an

inch below the soil because we've

already watered our soil we are not

going to water it again

after we put the seeds in because this

will drown the seeds so we're just going

to plant it in and leave it



and the very last step we're going to do

here is to try to create a greenhouse

effect this step is only necessary until

your seeds germinate and for about the

first week after when your plants are

really really tiny I'm going to show you

three different ways that you can create

a greenhouse effect at home the first

way is very simple it's to put a lid on


so this came with a plastic lid now I

had my popsicle sticks sticking up here

and then I thought oh right I can't

actually have them sticking up out of it

until I can take my greenhouse effect

off so I have it laying beside each so

that I can see clearly which plants are

which so you simply put it on and you

only take this lid off while it's

germinating in order to water and to be

honest with you it's really probably not

even going to need watering because it's

going to create so much moisture it's

not probably going to need watering for

maybe even a week or two but what if you

don't have a kind of fancy at-home

greenhouse kit like this with a plastic

lid and what if you just put it in

container like this simple do you have a

glass pie plate this will create a

greenhouse effect for you you can just

kind of balance it on your pot there and

all my plants are planted in here and

that's going to create a beautiful

greenhouse for me and the third method

is saran wrap so you're going to take a

piece of saran wrap and around each cell

pot you're simply going to place it

around it like so if you like you can

take an elastic band and fit that around

too and that will help pull the plastic

in place it'll help keep little kids

fingers from taking your plastic off and

there you go we created a little mini

greenhouse now as I mentioned before you

are only going to create a greenhouse

effect until your plants have germinated

that means you can see green coming up

until they get about you know maybe half

an inch high and then you're going to

remove the greenhouse tops and you are

not going to use them again because your

plants are getting higher and higher and

that wouldn't work and a little note

about watering once your plants have

established themselves and really

started to grow you want to

keep an eye on the watering but please

do not over water that is how most

people kill their plants either by under

watering or over watering the way you

check to see if it needs watering is not

by the top of the soil the top of the

soil often looks dry but then when you

stick your finger in there it's quite

wet below so make sure the soil is

actually dry you don't want it bone-dry

before you think to water it and if you

have a little greenhouse kit like mine

it's super easy because it kind of self

waters you put water in the bottom and

the plants will take water as they need

them okay and that is how we do it I

hope you all enjoyed watching that I

certainly had a lot of fun doing my

planting as I mentioned already I've got

you covered for products below if you'd

like to take a look and let me know in

the comments what you find hard about

gardening what are your questions about

gardening what have you found that works

I can't wait to see you guys in my next

gardening video happy Earth Week

everyone for the least this is Jen