How To Fertilize Perennials In The Fall - Prepare for Winter & Spring


well hello everyone welcome to another

episode here on my gardener channel in

this episode we're going to be touching

on a topic we've talked a lot about in

past but I don't want you to sit on this

information because now if you're seeing

this now now is the time to be using it

so the question usually comes up in

about a month from now and I always tell

people unfortunately it's too late now

you got to learn from your mistakes and

do it sooner and so this year I said you

know I'm gonna I'm gonna preempt all of

the questions they're going to come up

about getting perennials ready for

spring and winter and I'm gonna do it

about a month sooner so that they have

time to do it so you want to make sure

that you pick a time about a month and a

half preferably around two months before

the plant goes dormant not before your

first frost date but before the plant

goes dormant this typically for us is

right around early October our first

frost is right around October 20th so

there's about 20 days difference between

the time the plant goes dormant and our

first frost dormant means the plant

stopped growing leaves start changing

color and you can clearly tell that

energy is being going is going down into

the roots you wanna you want to


and fertilize before that happens

because the number one reason why your

plant does not return in the spring is

because there's not enough energy stored

in the roots to push it out of dormancy

in the spring so it's very very very

important to remineralize

while the plant is still growing and up

taking nutrients to get it ready for

winter and spring the following spring

so so what you want to do is you want to

pick a fertilizer that's well balanced

so many people want to focus on just

phosphorous I can't tell you how big of

a mistake that is giving it a

well-balanced fertilizer

yes focusing on phosphorous is okay but

it has to have it has to have

phosphorous it has to have potassium and

it has to have nitrogen it also should

have in a very good fertilizer it should

have trace minerals and beneficial

bacteria and fungi which help the plant

to to handle stress helps it to prepare

for winter helps the root system get

ready and it really does help give you

the kind of the the upper hand in the

springtime when the plant comes out of


so we

this trifecta plus here on the garden

it's something we've used for years it's

what we choose to use you use what you

like to use this is just what we use so

you can see the strawberries are still

very green they're vibrant and we do

have some leaf changing but that's just

because of stress it's been real dry

really hot here but for the most part

they are thriving they're putting out

lots of new growth and they're doing

great they're doing awesome and very

very pleased with with the growth on

these what we want to do is we want to

take our fertilizer your fertilizer a

choice here and it should have some fast

acting and some slow release in here

that's why we use trifecta again the

ideal fertilizer for you should have

trace minerals it should have beneficial


you should have beneficial fungi it

should have nitrogen phosphorus and

potassium your macronutrients but it

should also have it should also have

fast-acting and slow release components

of all those because what you put on

your plant now it's going to uptake very

quickly give it a lot of growth but you

want to sustain it through winter give

it something to to feed on an early

spring before the soil is workable but

the plant it's coming out of dormancy

and it's pulling nutrients from the soil

as well as the energy storage from the

roots so having that slow release will

make it plant available all throughout

winter and then it's ready in the spring

when the plant needs it most so it's

really really important to have all of

that and that's what trifecta plus has

in it so that's why again that's why we

use it but it's really important also to

select where you fertilize in your plan

I know you can't see from where you're

at so coming in close real close so I

can show you just how far away from the

plant you want to fertilize all right so

here is the base of the starway plant

obviously we have a bunch more but just

work singling out this one plant here

what we want to do is want to take our

fertilizer and we want about a quarter

cup roughly about a quarter cup and what

we want to do and this is also got

fertilize the the surrounding plants as

well but roughly about a quarter cup

around the base of each plant ish it's

not a rocket science but roughly a

quarter cup and what we want to do is we

want to sprinkle it around the base

about two inches away from the base of

the plant

because the thing is is that so many

times people want to put their

fertilizer right here at the base of the

plant I cannot tell you how big a

mistake that is because the base of the

plant does not uptake nutrients the

roots on a perennial they're geared to

move out throughout the soil move deep

and out and that's why with annuals it's

better to fertilize closer the base of

the plant because the root system is

it's not as aggressive and you'll find

that with perennials the the the roots

have moved out the roots their job is to

uptake nutrients and water and to get

the plant well established so if you're

fertilizing out here it's going to come

in contact with the roots much faster

than in here closer to the base of the

plant and so what we want to do is very

very very important to get something

normally we use like a little hand rake

but I don't have one with me right now

just get and you can use your fingers to

I guess just get get the fertilizer work

in there work it into the soil I can't

tell you how many people will fertilize

and leave it right on top of the soil

there's no roots on top of the soil you

want to get the fertilizer down into the

rhizosphere the rhizosphere is the top

one to five inches of soil and that top

1 to 5 inches of soil contains all the

beneficial bacteria and and fungi that

are going to break down the minerals

help the plant obtain them it's going to

be much much better for your plant and

also it's not going to be exposed to any

water that's going to wash the minerals

and nutrients away that you just put on

the soil so it's very very very

important to put it in the right place

and that's about two inches away from

the base of the plant and at least an

inch under the ground under the soil so

there you go is literally that simple

and I hope none of you over complicate

this because it's really not a

complicated process but the final thing

that we're going to do and that the very

last step is to make sure you add more

soil top off the pads now organized

people really worry about this step

because they say well I have perennials

here how am I supposed to add more soil

the same way you'd add soil normally

only you put it around the plants not on

top of the plants

so it's a little bit more complicated

but really it's it's a stuff that is so

so worth it you're going to find that

the plants will thank you for it because

over time the soil in your bed will drop

soil naturally will compact it naturally

will come back a little bit not all not

a lot but it will compact also soil will

be taken out of the bed

I don't know magically it always just

seems like you'll lose about 25 percent

of the soil in your bed huh regardless

of what you do this is important to

constantly top up your beds put it put

an inch or two of compost back in your

bed and you're simply gonna do that by

just putting it right around the base of

the plant and it's really really simple

you don't have to worry about you're

burying the plant as long as you don't

just put a huge heaping dump right on

the plant the plants not gonna mind

having compost put around the base and

that's going to ensure that there's

extra not only extra minerals and

nutrients that'll help feed the plant

but it's also going to help keep the

soil level up so you're not you know so

you're not constantly going down further

and further and further and it's better

to make a regular it's better to add

like an inch a year than it is to add

five or six inches all at once trying to

catch up because the plant will adapt to

that extra inch of soil naturally but

it's not going to adapt to five or six

inches dumped on top so that's also an

important thing I think to note so add

that compost around the base of the

plant top off your beds a little bit and

you're gonna be set set for spring for

next year set for winter however you

want to put it either way your plants

are ready to go and and it should be

simple I hope you all try it I hope you

all have learned something from this

episode hopefully you all are growing

big or going home remember to like this

video it definitely helps us out and as

always share the video with a friend if

you think they'll enjoy it and that's

all I got for you so as always this is

Luke from beyond my gardener Channel

reminding you to grow big or go home

I'll catch you all later see ya bye