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How to Grow Vegetables in Containers // Container Gardening // Self Sufficient Sunday!

do you live in a small apartment with

maybe a balcony or patio as your only

place to grow food or maybe you have a

larger property but it's either bad soil

or covered in concrete or maybe you just

want to increase the amount of in-ground

space you have by doing something

different you can grow more food in all

these situations by using containers and

I'm going to show you how coming up

[Music]

i'm brian with california garden TV and

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every time we upload videos which right

now is three times a week let's get

growing so this is our container garden

area and right now it is not looking the

way we wanted it to look the ground is

supposed to be decomposed granite but

because of the stay-at-home order we

have not been able to get that delivered

but no worries we're gonna get started

anyway and start planning up our

containers and i've got quite a few

things to do so I'm gonna take you along

with me

now I haven't had to buy any new

containers this year I'm using

everything we already had except for

this rain gutter for the strawberries

and look how amazing these strawberries

are doing already they look awesome that

just goes to show you you can use just

about anything that will hold soil let

me know in the comments what's the

craziest or coolest thing you've ever

planted in whatever you choose you want

to make sure that it will not leach

plastic if you're using plastic you want

to make sure it's not gonna leach

anything into the soil and there are

certain plastics that will and there are

certain plastics that won't I've

discussed these in other videos I'm

gonna leave a link down below that is

gonna go over the different types of

plastics all plastics are printed with a

stamp that has its the recycle symbol

with a number in it and there's certain

numbers that are safe certain the

numbers that aren't the website down

below is gonna let you know which ones

are safe so you can always choose the

right plastics to grow in if you're

gonna grow in plastic now the basic rule

is the bigger the plant the bigger the

pot and size matters mace basically

because of the root system if you grow

large plants like tomatoes or runner

beans they need a larger pot because

they've got a large root system that's

going to be bringing in water and

nutrients so the minimum you would want

for those are 5 gallons which these

buckets are 5 gallons now for medium

sized plants like

peppers or bush beans or herbs a three

gallon pot like these would be

sufficient small plants like carrots

radish or lettuces a one gallon would

even work now that's just taking into

account the size of the root run but you

need to keep in mind that the smaller

the pot that you use the more often

you're gonna have to water and fertilize

now you're gonna want to check the

moisture daily you can look at the top

of the pot and it looks dry but just

under the surface it could be moist so

you don't want to over water so just

stick your finger in two to three inches

and if you feel a good amount of

moisture there fine

let them be if they're dry then water

them now as far as fertilizer is

concerned I've been using Neptune's

harvest fish and seaweed for years it's

a great balance fertilizer that's

perfect for containers and raised beds

so with that in mind

the most important thing about your pots

isn't the pot itself it's the soil in

the pot now I use Kellogg's organic

raised bed potting mix it's available

nationwide I believe at Home Depot any

organic potting mix will do when it

comes to raised beds and pots the most

expensive thing about them is the soil

that you put in them in my raised beds

which is filled with this there's a lot

of hardware involved there but all the

hardware was actually less expensive

than the soil inside now you need to

take into account the height of your bed

as well these are 15 inches tall and you

have to understand that most vegetables

are only kind of the roots are only

going to go down 12 inches at most some

say 6 to 8 inches for the majority of

the root rot so if your bed is 24 inches

tall or 36 which by the way would be a

really cool height because you could

just stand up and do it

you're having a lot of space at the

bottom that you are it's basically a

wasted space that you're filling with

that very expensive compost now if

you're on a budget and who isn't right

now you don't want to take up wasted

space and fill it with expensive potting

mix so we want to find something that

either cheap or free to fill up some of

that unused space now if your container

is 24 to 36 inches high or more lucky

you but you can actually fill the bottom

third with organic materials such as

logs sticks branches half-done compost

straw you do not want to use something

green like lawn clippings because as

they rot and break down they produce a

very very bad sewer smell and every time

you water all the water that drains out

is gonna have that smell for weeks or

maybe months don't ask me how I know

that so all of those materials that I

just mentioned are actually going to

break down over time underneath the

potting mix and create soil themselves

but if your bed is 24 inches tall or

less or your putts are 24 inches tall or

less you don't want to use that same

material in the bottom and the reason is

during that process of breaking down and

composting they're going to be taking

nutrients and most notably nitrogen from

the surrounding soil that's okay when

it's really deep past the plants roots

but when you're getting near the roots

it's going to be robbing nitrogen from

your plants that's nitrogen your plants

would have used and so what happens is

you're gonna get stunted growth yellow

leaves and possibly dead plants again

don't ask me how I know that so we need

to fill in some of that space at the

bottom of the shorter pots and raised

beds with something that's not organic

that's not going to Rob these nitrogen

from the soil and that's where your

recycling comes in bottles like this

that are food safe which means they're

stamped with a number one or possibly

five but number one is actually the best

these can be used to fill in some of the

space in your pot because they don't

break down and they don't leach into the

soil so you can fill in the bottom

portion of the containers as long as you

leave 8 to 12 inches of space

top-4 the potting mix this simple hack

can save you a ton of money when it

comes to filling your containers with

quality potting mix so what can you grow

in containers

pretty much anything let me take you

through what I'm gonna be growing and

we'll even get some things planted

together so most of the things that I'm

planting in my containers come from the

two videos that I did recently the 12

fastest growing vegetables and the top

10 survival staple crops so let's start

off right here with my potatoes now I

did this video about I don't know what a

month and a half ago planting potatoes

and if you look here I've got three

containers I've got a pot I've got a

bucket and I've got a canvas grocery bag

and they're all doing really well in

fact it's about time to earth them up so

we planted these deep so that the stems

would grow tall and we could still fill

in dirt now just like tomatoes the

potatoes put roots out everywhere

the stem touches the dirt the soil and

more roots means more potatoes so what

we're gonna do is just take some more

potting mix

[Applause]

and you're gonna fill in all the way up

to leave about one to two inches from

the top of the pot now you're going to

be covering a lot of leaves and that's

totally fine so for more information you

can go back and watch the potato video

idea when I planted these in fact every

video I mention I'm gonna link down

below in the description I planted this

San Marzano tomato in a bucket on a

previous video which I'll link below and

the reason it's planted so deep is the

same reason as the potatoes as the stem

grows we're gonna fill in all the way up

to about two inches from the top and

everywhere that stem touches the soil

it's gonna put down roots so it's gonna

create a really strong healthy plant

with lots of roots to absorb moisture

and nutrients now in these three three

gallon pots I'm going to be planting

some of my peppers peppers are heat

lovers and they're actually little

seedlings in the garage still right now

because the nights are still in the 50s

and I don't want to put them out here

when it's still too cold it can stunt

their growth so we will be planting

these on a future video of how to grow

peppers from A to Z now in two of these

buckets I'm gonna be planting squash one

zucchini and one crookneck yellow squash

now I did have the seedlings coming

along in the garage but if you watched a

previous video

they were attacked by caterpillars in

the garage don't know how that happened

first time ever so I'm gonna start all

over again with seeds out here it's warm

enough to be planting them outdoors

right now this one is Caserta now I'm

gonna plant two seeds in each one of the

pots one for insurance now these type of

seeds are very flat and so especially in

wet climates wet soil you want to stick

the seed in vertically not horizontal

the water can lay on top of that seed

and rot is if it's like this there's

less surface area so I'm gonna push it

down in there about an inch each one

and always make sure you water

thoroughly after planting seeds and

label them now the third bucket I'm

gonna be planting cucumbers and I'm

going to be planting spacemaster

cucumbers and these are from the Cali

Kim small space kitchen garden

collection I'll link that down below

they are a small space Bush variety

that's great for containers and I'm

gonna plant two of these in this bucket

might be overkill but one seems lonely

now these two big pots right here those

are going to be my sweet potatoes and if

you watched a month or so ago Noah and I

started this sweet potato and as you see

there's no leaves just yet I do see some

eyes kind of swelling so it should be

pretty soon if you look we've got a good

root system going on but I don't see any

leaves just yet but as soon as those are

are out we'll route them and I'll fill

these pots up and we'll be good to go

with our sweet potatoes now one of my

favorite things to grow last year was

loofah I think you know that by now

it was a fun plant really cool harvest

it was a beautiful plant pest resistant

it was just great and so I've got I'm

gonna be planting some in my raised beds

I'm gonna plant two in here I've already

got the teepee installed and if you want

to see how to do that I did a video last

week a week before I think it was my bed

head garden tour and and doing this so

that's I'll link that below as well now

these were survivors from the

caterpillar attack but they are strong

plants and I think they're gonna be just

fine

I'm gonna plant two in here I'll plant

them right next to the pole so that when

they start growing they can grab on like

I said on just plant two in this pot cuz

they do get pretty big

now another big climbing plant that

needs a big pot or runner beans I'm

gonna plant them in this pot right here

and the variety I'm planting is called

Blau Hildy I think I pronounced that

correctly it's a purple bean it's got

really pretty purple flowers as well I'm

gonna plant two seeds at the base of

each of the posts about an inch deep

now one thing I never thought I would

grow in containers is corn but you can

do it but it needs to be a certain style

of container now right over here I've

got some purple Cali Kim smart pot mini

raised beds and the reason I like these

for corn is that they are not too deep

corn is pretty shallow rooted in fact

one of its biggest roots are right on

top of the ground for support but also

it's wide the thing about corn is its

wind pollinated and that means that the

tassels at the top that have the pollen

they're blown by the wind and the pollen

drifts across and hits the corn silks on

each cob and that's what pollinates the

corn but because it's wind pollinated

if you row one line of corn and the wind

is blowing this way the pollen just

blows over there onto the dirt on to

nothing so you want to plant corn in

groupings and so that's why I like the

width of these pots now when planting in

raised beds or pots you can plant more

intensively and so we can plant two corn

plants per square foot now each of these

pots is three square feet so we can have

six corn plants in each pot we're gonna

space them about eight inches apart

we're gonna plant two seeds per spot

about eight inches apart and push them

down about an inch or two this variety

is stoles evergreen it's a mid-1800s

heirloom that stays in the milk stage

for a long time so if you have a habit

of harvesting too late like I do this

variety will still be good even if you

wait too long to harvest it some more

things I grow in pots are my lettuces I

have a new batch coming along here and

most of my herbs are in these galvanized

metal wash bins for perennial herbs like

this peppermint here the pot can very

quickly become root bound and you're

gonna need to water it once or twice a

day in the summertime you can already

see this got watered yesterday and it's

already floppy so what we're going to do

is we're going to divide

this so we're gonna pull it out of the

container and I'm just going to break it

in half

[Applause]

it's gonna come apart in chunks and you

honestly can't kill this stuff then

break it into four pieces

okay fill the pot back up with some good

soil and pick the chunk that I want I'll

be this one here and you just want to

fill in around it to the level that this

was already growing give it a good

watering and it will perk right back up

and in no time we'll have this pot

filled again and you've got three other

plants that you can plant somewhere else

or give away do not plant milk mint in

the ground it will take over so I hope

all this gives you some ideas and some

inspiration if you wanted to expand how

you grow food or you live in a small

apartment maybe you don't have much

space and thought it was absolutely

impossible it is possible you can grow

any vegetable in containers following

this in these instructions now if you're

watching and you don't even have a small

balcony or patio or you live in a

climate that is a very short growing

season you still can grow vegetables in

fact we can grow pretty much year-round

here so I've never really tried growing

anything indoors under a grow light but

this coming tomato Tuesday we are gonna

be starting to grow a tomato plant

indoors under a grow light I've had a

lot of requests for that and so I'm

actually interested myself because how

cool would it be in the middle of

January to just be able to go into a

back bedroom or your garage and pick

some fresh homegrown tomatoes in the

middle of winter I think that'd be

pretty cool now for you guys in the

southern hemisphere this is perfect

timing because your winter is coming in

just two months as always thank you for

watching if you enjoyed the video or

learn something please consider

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video a thumbs up I'd really appreciate

it and I will see you guys on Tuesday