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Gardening 101: How To Start A Garden

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all right so you're looking to start a

garden well what do you need to do where

do you start

I was out just getting our garden all

set up this year and I thought I would

kind of walk through some of the steps

if you're just getting into gardening or

it's been a long time since you've had a

garden and you want to get started

whether you're in a country setting a

suburban setting an apartment where ever

you are and you'd like to just learn to

start and there's so many ways to to

garden whether you have smaller large

spaces for those container gardening

raised bed gardening or traditional

gardening and I have a combination of

those all here so where do you start so

the first thing you need to figure out

when you're looking to start a new

garden is where are you going to put it

you need to pay attention to your yard

and especially pay attention to where

you get the most amount of sunlight

generally most of your crops that you're

going to grow are going to do well in

full Sun some crops like leafy greens

and other things are going to do ok and

part shade also but generally everything

will do pretty good in full Sun with

very few exceptions so there are

actually a few different apps that you

can get for Android or iPhone that you

can use to track the Sun path during

different times of the year so even if

you're planning your garden out in the

winter time you can use the app to set

it to let's say July and figure out

exactly where the path of Sun is gonna

be in your yard

you want to use that to figure out where

you're gonna get the best amount of

sunlight once you have a place picked

out in your yard and you're you're ready

to get started you need to figure out

what you're gonna grow now generally

people especially new gardeners you want

to go to the seed store and you look at

all these great seeds on the rack or

whatever at Home Depot or Ace Hardware

or whatever it is that you go and you're

gonna want to just pick out a whole

bunch of stuff oh that looks good oh

that was good I want to try that I want

to try that there's nothing wrong with

trying new things but I would encourage

you to stay focused on things that you

eat things that you eat the most and

also things that you can preserve so pay

attention to what your family is using

the most of if you guys have salads

every day you want to grow a lot of

salad greens if you guys eat a lot of

tomato or tomato products you want to

grow a lot of tomatoes you it's always

great to try and experiment with new

things but you also just want to make

sure the core of what you're growing is

things that you're going to use there's

nothing worse than planting a garden

weeding it taking care of it awesome

and then not really wanting to eat half

the stuff you grew when it comes to

August or September so once you have

some things picked out it's time to look

at seeds now the best thing to do is buy

your seeds earlier in the year so even

during the wintertime months especially

if you're in the northern climates you

can get better deals on seeds usually

then and I would recommend getting stuff

online a little bit early if you can

I'll put a link in the description to

where I get almost all of my seeds for

our home our kitchen garden here and

that's mi gardener my gardener has a

youtube channel also here on YouTube and

he has a great seed store they're very

inexpensive seeds they come with a great

amount for small gardens in each packet

and it's very affordable you get a 10

cent discount on each packet they're

only 99 cents apiece already and they're

only 89 cents after if you use the link

in the description so check out my

gardener seed store he's got just about

everything that you could that you could

want there so once you have your seeds

it's time to figure out which things you

need to start inside and which things

that you can direct sow in the ground

now this it really the varies on where

you live here in the northern climates

where we're going to want to start some

things inside any of your hot weather

crops peppers tomatoes melons any of the

things that on the seed packet it says

the harvest is longer than 90 days you

want to make sure that you get those

things started inside and it'll tell you

on the seed packet if they're a 120 day

harvest then you want to make sure that

stuff has started inside there's lots of

different videos that I've done and all

those have done on how to start seeds

inside I would have you check the the

eye up in the corner there for some of

those videos if you're interested you

want to make sure that you start those

things early in the northern climates if

you don't start your tomatoes and

peppers early you're probably not going

to get a very good harvest now if you're

in the warmer climates down south you

don't have to worry too much about that

you can probably start a lot of your

seeds right in the ground in March or

April so now it's time to prepare your

garden space there's so many different

ways to do this you need to make a

decision are you gonna do raised bed

gardens or are you gonna do a

traditional garden now there's lots of

benefits to both traditional gardening

is easy easy to get started you can tow

up a small spot of land with a shovel or

rake you know whatever you want to do if

you have a hint of motorized tiller you

can you can start till up a patch

land and you can start gardening you can

amend the soil a little bit maybe with

some compost or some other things where

you're planting and you're ready to go

raise my gardening has a lot of great

benefits but you do have to purchase

wood and build the raised beds or buy

the raised beds and then you have to

fill them with soil even though they are

a great way to go if you're just getting

started don't be discouraged and pumping

a bunch of money into your garden it's

easy to start with traditional gardening

if you've got the extra money in time

and you want to get those raised beds

set up there a little bit better

long-term investment and they're a

little easier as far as weeding and

caring for the garden throughout the

year now we talk about soil amendments

what kind of soil do you can you just

throw stuff right in the ground do we

need to do anything with the soil I

would definitely encourage you to do

some type of amendment to your soil

whether you're gonna do a soil mix in a

raised bed or just traditional gardening

with tilling in some manures and other

organic matters you don't need to get as

scientific as having your soil test and

all that kind of stuff but generally the

more organic matter you have the better

if you have a local farm and you can get

a load pack up truckload of compost or

something like that and mix it in with

your soil that would be great way to

start if you want a better soil mix I

did a whole video on the best soil mix

that we have found here and it includes

sand peat moss and manure compost if you

want to just go small and be real basic

go to your Home Depot or Lowe's or

whatever your home improvement store is

Ace Hardware and pick up a bag a place

and a bag of peat moss and two bags of

manure compost mix it together and

you're gonna have a great soil mix so

that's just a real easy kind of bagged

way to go and you can use that to amend

soil or even fill a raised bed we talked

about gardening and we talked about soil

amendments we can't talk about that

without talking about compost if you

haven't already started a compost pile

start one right now it's one of the

easiest and cheapest way is to get

yourself some really good soil every

single year for your garden kitchen

scraps yard waste tree clippings leaves

whatever you have around you can use

that in a very simple composting method

without any fancy bins or barrels or

anything like that take a section in

your corner of your yard somewhere and

make a pile that's all you need to do

make a pile turn it once or twice a year

with a pitchfork or shovel and you've

got yourself some good compost in one

year's time

nothing fancy about it very easy to get

started and it doesn't require any

special bins and plans or anything like

that if you've already started a compost

pile great

get out your compost from last year mix

it in with your soil whether it's

locally right around each plant or

tilling it into your whole traditional

garden section or whether mixing it in

with a raised bed that fresh compost is

a great way to get nutrients to your

plants all right so you're ready to get

started planting there's lots of

different ways to plant various kinds of

vegetables I'm not going to go through

how to plant everything generally the

best thing to do is to look at the back

of your seed packets if you're buying

from my gardener there's a very good

instructions detailed description on

what the seeds are gonna grow for you

what they're used for what the

vegetables are used for and how to plant

them follow that and you'll be in good

shape

one thing you want to pay attention to

when you're planting is your sunlight if

you're gonna grow a bunch of very tall

things like corn or sunflowers or other

tall vegetables or trellising things you

don't want to have that on the south

side of your garden where it's going to

be shading the rest of your crops so on

the north side of all your garden

patches where you're going to want to

have all of your tallest stuff the

shortest thing that should go on the

south side that's going to make sure

that as the Sun is tracing across the

sky that you don't get anything shaded

in your garden for longer than just to

maybe a half an hour or so the shade the

the shadows will move through your

garden very quickly and they'll be very

short and then you won't have trouble

with things not getting sunlight caring

for your garden is extremely important

once you have things in the ground

you're not done the biggest mistake that

gardeners make especially first-year

gardeners is letting weeds get away from

you you have to stay out there as soon

as you've planted but not more than one

week should go by before you get back

out into your garden and make sure

you've picked all the little weeds that

are gonna start coming up especially if

you're using a fresh yard or manure

compost you're gonna have lots of little

grass seeds and things like that that

are gonna be coming up get on that stuff

right away and you won't have trouble

with weeds your plants are gonna grow

better and you're gonna feel a lot

better about what you've done another

thing you can do to control weeds is

what I've done in our whole garden here

and use woodchips

woodchips are a free resource in our

area anyway almost every city that I've

been to has some type

a collection point for all of their tree

waste they go into trim trees throughout

the year if piles are the stuff you can

go take it for free if your city doesn't

have that check your neighboring cities

you probably will find something

somewhere comp this this wood chip mulch

is an excellent way to keep weeds down

between plants we cover our entire

gardens with it every year around all of

our plants it works very very well

water water water water is very

important especially for a young garden

roots are very fragile things are very

small seeds need to be you know while

they're germinating they have to stay

wet it's great to get yourself a fan

sprinkler sans sprinklers I have found

to be the absolute best way to water a

garden unless you're going to use some

type of a permanent irrigation system

with drip irrigation or something like

that fan sprinklers are easy to move

they are very gentle on your garden they

cover a very large space that are great

for seedlings as well as adult plants

get yourself a good fan sprinkler I'll

put a link in the description to one on

Amazon that's not cheap it's a metal one

this one I got from Ace Hardware it's

all metal as well don't buy cheap fan

sprinklers they're junk they will break

they will leak the little gears won't

work in them and and just buy a good

sprinkler if you don't have a good

sprinkler you're not going to water your

garden enough and your gear just things

are not going to go well you're not

going to have time to hand water

everything once your plants are

established they're nice and tall they

don't need to be watered quite as much

it's not gonna hurt to water them every

other day but you probably could get

away with going on a vacation for a few

days as long as it's not too hot and dry

and not watering your garden but if you

are going on vacation for more than a

week or even a week make sure that you

have somebody stop by and turn your

sprinkler on at least one of those days

especially if it's hot and dry we've

made the mistake before of not watering

come back to a dead garden so you want

to make sure that everything stays nice

and nice and moist and watered keep

those weeds down and you're going to end

up having a great great harvest when it

comes time in July August and September

harvesting time is the the reward of all

the work and all the time and all the

waiting it's a great time be prepared

for what you're going to harvest make

sure that you have canning supplies

ready and

sure that you have ways to preserve the

things that you have if you're going to

do vacuum-sealed and freezers or you're

gonna do canning or you're gonna make

things into jellies or jams or spaghetti

sauces or whatever plan ahead weeks

ahead of your harvest time if you're up

in the northern hemisphere like we are

you're not going to start getting

Tomatoes probably until August at the

earliest and August and September even

into October sometimes be prepared to

you're gonna have a whole lot of stuff

coming in at once and you want to be

ready to preserve that stuff there's

nothing worse than growing a big healthy

garden all year long and then wasting so

much food because you didn't have time

to preserve it think of the easy ways

freezing and vacuum sealing is one of

the best ways to go I'll put a link in

the description again to a great vacuum

sealer on Amazon they're an inexpensive

investment and it's very very easy you

can dice things up throw them in there

vacuum seal it throw it in the freezer

and you're done

now of course depending on what you drew

there's lots of thing lots of ways to

utilize your garden all throughout the

year especially by staggering your

planting so if you really want to make

the most of your time and your harvest

throughout the year plant your quick

growing things like your radishes and

your leafy greens and things like that

is staggered planting so plant some at

the beginning of the year that maybe two

or three weeks later plant another roll

or another section of like lettuces and

things like that and then do the same

thing in three weeks later that gives

you a good staggered harvest for those

kinds of things because lettuces and all

your other leafy greens once they grow

to mature they're not good anymore they

generally will go to seed they get

bitter you want the youngest leaves off

the lettuces and things like that

even for kales and spinach is and a lot

of those things so staggering your

planting is a great way to go to make

the most of your harvest season for

those types of plants alright so you've

got all your vegetables you've harvested

your garden but you're not quite done

yet cover that ground the best thing to

do to prepare your garden for the next

year is to cover that ground whether you

use a cover crop like a winter weed or

something else that's going to grow into

November and even to December you it's

good to keep root to the ground and

things growing the other thing you can

do is use your leaf compost and other

things from around the house leaf mulch

Azure straw woodchips cover that garden

keeps it wet keeps it moist keeps the

worms and bacterias and other things in

your garden it doesn't dry out it

doesn't blow away you've got you prepare

and hold that the nutrients and moisture

that you have in that garden space for

the next year so make sure that you

cover the space leave all your your

plants and all that stuff that tomato

stocks uns and sunflower stocks that

have died off leave that stuff all on

the ground you can take that out next

year whatever hasn't broken down but all

that stuff the nutrients in those stocks

is going to go right back into the soil

and get you ready for your next year so

for those of you out there looking to

start a garden hopefully you found some

good information here all you

professional gardeners out there have

something to add

throw it down below in the comments that

way everybody can see it and learn from

it as well so hopefully you guys found

this informational tap that thumbs up

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thanks for watching

have a good one

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