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10 Great Fall Garden Vegetables & Starting a Fall Garden in Seed Flats: Key Tips & Cautions (1of2)

welcome to my youtube channel the rusted

garden homestead today is all about

starting your fall garden I'll be doing

a series on this if you want to

subscribe I want to go over the ten

plants that I recommend for a fall

garden and how to seed start them get

them started now a lot of you may have

your summer crops still out in your

garden you don't have room for the fall

weather crops yet that's okay you can

get them started in seed flats

but it's really important that you keep

in mind that when you're starting seeds

outdoors in black plastic and the

temperatures are in the 80s and 90s you

got to do something different we're

gonna actually keep these in a shady if

not this can happen these are paint

liners that are black and they set

outside for just for a day in the full

Sun and you can see how they melted in

Warped so when you're starting in flats

like this a full day's Sun ninety

degrees is gonna will actually cook your

seeds it's gonna get too hot it's just

not going to work so I'll talk more

about that in a second I wanted to go

over the ten plants that I recommend for

a fall garden and we'll go right down

the line right in here I have arugula

I'm dropping in three or four or five

seeds lettuce three four five seeds in

there cilantro a lot of people don't

know cilantro is also a cool weather

crop three or four seeds into there

we're doing red Russian kale it probably

won't get to maturity I may get some

leaves but I'm actually planting the

kale so next year it'll come in early in

the spring it's good a flower produce

buds and I'm gonna eat those some more

lettuce so we have arugula lettuce

cilantro red Russian kale definitely

peas I have sugar snap peas on the Left

snow peas on the right you want to use

larger trays I sell these at my seed

shop actually I sell all these supplies

at my seed shop for seed starting for

peas put two in there and they they will

do okay in these but they just don't

transfer as nice because the root

systems will grow through the bottom and

they get damaged so you want to have

peas definitely beets

so these are beets in larger containers

and I'm growing these

just for the greens over here I have

beets I've the cylindrical or the

Solyndra and the early Wonder and it's

just one seed per small cell and the

reason for that is there this is

actually a pot so there are multiple

seeds in a pot so these are gonna get

thin down to one these will be grown for

a full sized root the beets over here

are just grown for the leafy greens also

highly recommend and a lot of people

don't grow this it's kohlrabi this is

purple Vienna and I have 6 12 18 24 30

these are beautiful tasty plants right

in there with the cabbage and broccoli

family they grow in a way that it's like

harvesting an apple and I eat them like

an apple sometimes and there's three or

four seeds in there I've put multiple

seeds in these because you don't want to

be waiting around for one seed to

germinate we can always thin them later

so that's seven different plants that I

recommend here and then I also recommend

and I don't recommend starting these in

cells they're going to grow too fast you

can do a Pok choy or a bok choy that

will go directly into the ground

radishes this is the Roxanne that I love

they don't do well from cell to the

earth and also a mizuna it's a leafy

green with a mild mustard taste we

direct so those and I'll be doing a

video on that all right so the ten

varieties going over them real quick

arugula one lettuce - cilantro three

kale for Co Robbie five snow peas six

beats seven and then we got the pocket

or bok choy eight radishes nine and a

mizuna this is perfect for the fall

garden now when you're setting these up

pre-moistened your starting mix you

don't want to put in dry mix it just

doesn't work well and I wanted to show

you real quick how I set it up fill it

up and then thumb pack it down you want

a really nice solid starting base this

will help protect the roots and will

hold a lot of water and then you just go

in and you fill it again this is a nice

solid planting bass now to get you

started the larger seeds I just pressed

down about halfway into the cell

just show you an example there same with

the beets you can push those down about

halfway

and then for the smaller plants I just

take or smaller seeds I just take a

stick and I mix it down a quarter of an

inch half an inch I've done plenty of

experiments on the depth it doesn't

matter that much just get them under

there and then once you mix them in

press it down so let me do that and I'll

come back finish this up

all right after you press the seeds in

or mix them in you want to come back

with some more starting mix and just put

it across the top so let's go over some

general planting tips number one this is

50% peat moss 50% earth it's not like

you're starting indoors where you just

need a seed starting mix so you can go

fifty percent peat or cocoa coir and any

other it's gonna hold water it's nice

and loose and everything will germinate

nicely through here and again if you

don't want to use peat moss coco coir is

fine there's no fertilizer in here you

don't need to fertilize any of these

plants right now maybe a water soluble

fertilizer later and I just want to be

clear because I get asked this a lot you

don't need to start them in the seed

flats if you got space I cleared this

out over the weekend you can direct so

right into the ground you can put in

your fall weather crops I still

recommend those ten and if you're

interested in picking up the seeds and

supplies from my shop I am running a 10%

off until Sunday midnight of this

weekend and you just put in a code fall

garden I'll put that in the description

to again start some in flats start some

in the ground but it's really time to

get your fall garden started now the

heat of the summer these are cool

weather crops cool weather crops like

upper 40 degree 50 degree nights upper

60 degree lower 70 degree days so with

all this heat they're gonna actually

germinate really quickly and sometimes

they rush to produce flowers that's why

we're not going to put the bok choy the

bok choy or the mizuna into these

containers that heat from the Sun

they're gonna get about this tall and

start the flower they're not going to

mature they're going to go into the

cooler earth maybe in a shady area

alright so we have these set up we're go

to water them in in a second right at

the end they're going to germinate in

three to five days these

can stay in shade the entire time they

do not need the heat of the Sun or the

sunlight to germinate you want these to

stay as cool as possible now when do you

start them so it's got a very own zone

you can start anywhere if you're in the

colder zones later July if you're in the

warmer zones mid August and demise Oh

Maryland zone seven we're going to have

I just wanted to stress really the most

important thing the Sun and the heat are

not your friends when it comes to seed

starting your fall crops so really

please keep these in a protected place

really good growing temperature to the

end of October so I have plenty of time

your cool weather crops can also take a

false i'll be talking about more about

that in other videos so this is good to

go in a shady area to go right under the

table those are actually the seeds that

I sell at my seed shop I also sell all

the seed starting supplies and it would

just sit right in there in a shade maybe

as the Sun tracks around a little bit

light gets on there but they don't need

to be in a full Sun these will actually

dry out within two hours in the full Sun

so once they germinate you want to put

them into a place around your house

where maybe they just get Morning Sun

put them somewhere where they're gonna

get the Morning Sun the Sun moves and

that's all they get they're gonna do

perfectly fine once they germinate

somewhere between seven and fourteen

days you want to get them into the

ground and I'll show you how to do that

you can also fill the trays with water a

quarter of the way if you're concerned

about them drying out while you're gone

when you're growing outside having the

water in your trays isn't going to

matter that much if it rains and it

floods you're gonna have to dump it out

but you can put a water reserve in here

so this is a way that you can start an

entire fall garden in three seed flats

really and it's ten different plant

varieties that do really well in a cool

weather I have some space you can see

right over there so the next video is

going to be about also starting these

seeds that we're starting in cells

directly in the ground now I do

recommend you do both as you're figuring

out the timing of when to start

your cool weather crops starts them into

containers start some in the ground user

journal keep notes and you'll be able to

figure out when's the best time to

really start your fall weather crops you

also want to plant these in succession

for instance radishes I'll put some in

now

two weeks later I'll put in some more

two weeks later I'll put in some more

this way you're not getting all the

radishes at once they'll come in waves

over a two-week period different plant

varieties that would be something you

would do and explain that more in future

videos so I hope this gives you some

idea and some confidence to get your

fall garden started what plants to

select start them in trays in the next

video if you'd like to subscribe we'll

be getting them seed starting actually

directly in the ground I also have a

seed sale going on right now at my seed

shop you can pick up the seeds you see

some of them right down there and you

can also pick up the seed starting

supplies for 10% off right now

everything in my seed shop is 10% off

just use the code fall garden it's all

I'll acutely dropped something in the

description to explain what's going on

thanks so much for watching and again

please subscribe to my channel