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How to Grow Basil - Complete Growing Guide

well hello everyone and welcome to

another complete growing guide here on

the mi garner Channel I am shocked and

cannot believe that we have not done a

complete growing guide on this but alas

the people in the youtube comment

section maybe even you have been

pestering me to do a growing guide and I

thought I thought I did a growing guide

but maybe I didn't who who knows so

we're doing it now

this one's on basil and it's a really

easy one so I know you all are going to

love it

and I can I can guarantee you that it's

going to get you grind basil because I

think a lot of people overcomplicate it

I don't know why but I think a lot of

people just prefer to buy it from the

store which again totally confuses me

because of the fact that it is so

expensive and we're talking a couple

sprigs for three dollars uh no you can

go take a hike for three dollars that's

ridiculous because when you see how much

we have growing here you're going to say

okay I could probably grow a plant

because the thing is we actually don't

even maintain this stuff it really once

you get it in you give it what it needs

it is so self maintaining there's just a

few care tips that I'm going to show you

all that's going to really help you out

and you don't have to do them to have a

successful basil plant but it's going to

help you out with your production and

overall overall production and overall

health of the plant so the first thing

we're going to talk about is a kind of

what you want to plant when it comes to

basil now the typical varieties we have

some purple right here beautiful we have

some Thai basil here we have some we

can't yet see is probably buried beneath

the the other basil varieties we have

some spicy globe basil there are

thousands of varieties of basil and so

you really want to kind of mix and match

for your own personal preferences

there's more unique culinary varieties

that we love because we love those

unique culinary flavors but the more

typical varieties that I would recommend

starting with are your sweet Basil's or

your Genovese basil those are really

easy go-to varieties that are going to

grow for you and I'm not saying that

your Thai Basil's or your spicy glow

Basil's aren't going to be for you but

they can be a little more tricky I'm not

going to lie there they are a little

more hands-on care and if you're gone

for a while you'll see what I'm talking

about a second when it comes to care but

the flavor is well worth it if you can

take care of them so just keep that in

mind but again if you're looking for

something for like a margarita pizza or

you're looking for something for

spaghetti sauce stuff like that it's

going to be your sweet Basil's or your

Genovese Basil's your very Italian style

Basil's so I just keep that in mind and

the next thing we're going to talk about

is sunlight so when it comes to sunlight

basil needs at least four hours of Sun

and we've actually talked about basil in

some of our other videos about five

plants that you can grow in shady in

shady areas basil does not need that

much Sun it will like it and I will say

it will like it if you can give it more

Sun so we give it about 10 to 11 hours

of Sun which is a lot of Sun but you can

do fine in any any more than four hours

now I prefer around five hours but I

know a lot of times people want to grow

in a windowsill or want to grow it in a

shadier part of the garden that might

not get that much Sun and maybe

underneath the tree if you're growing

permaculture early and that's fine it

grows great in that type of environment

and it grows where other plants buy not

so give that a shot if you have that

type of sunlight requirements now the

next day I wanna talk about is watering

when it comes to basil you need to keep

up on your watering it is drought

tolerant to a certain extent because it

is grown in more Mediterranean climates

however the Basil's really don't like to

go that dry you'll find that they go to

flower very quickly and flowering is not

a problem as we'll talk about with some

of our care tips but it just it helps to

kind of keep up the plant and you'll

find that some of your varieties you

actually find that as you grow will show

you the varieties we got growing on here

and you'll find that some of those

varieties do better in more drought

tolerant situations and because here we

only get up to water about once a week

once every two weeks um and we let the

rain pretty much water everything else

and we have some we have some some straw

cores as what I was trying to say so we

have some straw cores in the center of

these garden beds that help to retain

water but for the most part they they do

go dry in between waterings and

especially when it's that when it's this

dry like it has been here in Michigan um

so some of our varieties are are showing

those signs of you know hey I would

prefer to maybe be watered a little more

frequently and then there's the

varieties that you can see they'll also

show you that are like

you know what what do you mean no no

water come on what I'm doing just fine

so those are varieties that I might

suggest starting for the beginners now

the next thing that I want to talk about

is fertilizing when it comes to

fertilizing your basil it is not a

necessity

Basil's they don't require that much

nutrients to grow but they do grow

better and they do grow bigger and

produce more if you give them a

fertilizer that's slightly higher in

nitrogen we give everything trifecta

plus because it's our go-to all-purpose

fertilizer for all of our plants but if

you want to use something that you have

around the house just make sure it's a

little bit higher in nitrogen because it

does focus on leaves pretty much basal

you're looking at leaves if you're not

harvesting for the flowers you're not

harvesting for the roots you're not

really doing any of that kind of stuff

so a little bit higher in the in the

nitrogen category it's going to focus

the nitrogen to put out more leaves so

as you can see here this is our Italian

sweet basil this is more of what I was

talking about this is not even going to

flower at all it is kind of starting to

go to flower but it's really just

continuing to grow amazing for us this

is the Italian large leaf basil the

Genovese basil we actually have in

another bed but it's it's very

comparable in size and and you know

drought tolerance just over you actually

see that they're starting to flower

these are the spicy glow Basil's these

are hands-down the most hands-on a type

of basil to grow simply because they

require lots of pruning and we'll get

into pruning in a second which is one of

our care tips you don't have to do but

it really helps with the production and

overall health of the plant so as you

can see here they they're doing great

regardless of of what you're seeing with

the flowering what I wanted to talk

about with this shot here is the spacing

the spacing is really important you want

to make sure that your plants have

adequate airflow but make sure that

you're not spacing them so far out that

you're really not getting what you want

out of your beds the Basil's that we

have here are planted about 5 to 7

inches apart depending on the variety

some of our spicy glow Basil's they

really like to get large and bushy big

big bushes of basil where is the Italian

large leaf basil they typically grow up

and

kind of out so we where we have a little

more spacing in those we don't have as

much spacing where we give them we give

the the bushing varieties a little more

space and some of the the kind of

growing up the upright what I don't know

what to say the ones that grow straight

up and not as far out we can cramp them

a little bit closer there hopefully that

made sense so this is what I was talking

about when I said that the Basil's will

eventually go to seed inevitably it's

going to happen everything goes to seed

but certain basil varieties will go to

seed a lot faster and what happens is

the fragrance of the herbs the fragrance

of the leaves will begin to diminish and

the production of the leaves will begin

to diminish because of the fact is

actually focusing not on growing leaves

but instead on going to flower this is

great because the honeybees absolutely

love this so if you're planning these

for pollinators the honeybees going nuts

over these plants I can't tell you how

many honey bees we have just swarming

these plants but I also want to keep

them growing throughout the season so

what we're going to do is we're going to

come down because you'll notice that

they start to branch they start to Fork

and what we want to do is we want to

basically come through here and pick out

anything that is got these shapes focus

there we go we want to we want to take

out anything that has these little

flowers here because you'll you'll find

that when you let the flowers grow it

will stop growing period so what we want

to do is just take off all these and

this is what we're talking about the

care you know it's not as it's not as

easy to grow it some of your other ones

because not only does it produce a lot

of flowers you have to pinch off it also

produces them very frequently so this is

one of the ones you you don't want to be

someone that goes on vacation and

expects you know a nice bushy basil

plant when you come back because if

you're not here to pinch off these

flower stalks and keep it trimmed into a

nice bushy shape it's going to go wild

for you but if you are someone that is

home a lot it is a very rewarding plant

to grow because of the fact that it is

one that a lot of people do not grow for

this reason and so it's typically ones

that you see in specialty herb stores

that are you know eight nine dollars for

for a couple sprigs and that's really

all it takes to care of that plant and

this is going to be good for about two

three more weeks it's going to push a

lot more side growth it's going to about

double in size and it looks like some of

our bigger ones that we've been

maintaining a little bit better needless

to say the Thai basil is similar you

have again a plant that really loves to

to blossom out it looks fantastic and

it's beautiful when it flowers because

it's got these gorgeous purple flowers

and it puts out actually purple on the

leaves where it begins to flower however

that's not what we really want we really

want lots of basil and not a lot of

flowers because this early in the season

we don't want them to go flower yet

because it's going to yes the bees will

have a heyday but it's going to go to

flower later on in the season we let all

of our Basil's go to flower at the end

of the season where the bees can go

crazy on them and we can get seeds from

them but right now we want actually the

harvest leaves so it's important to keep

picking them keep picking the flowers

away now I didn't think I'd mentioned I

will be taking these in basil flowers

are edible they're very delicious and

they're actually more fragrant than the

plant is because like I said those

essential oils kind of they they begin

to kind of condense in the flowers to

attract the pollinators to that scent so

where the leaves kind of begin

diminishing the flowers and buds begin

really picking up some of that basil

aroma so I could just smell the air is

full of it already it's almost noxious

how how insane the the stuff smells but

the last thing that I did want to talk

about was when it comes to the

temperature Basil's do not like that

cold temperature they like it to be warm

now basil can tolerate 40 degrees just

fine but they don't prefer it I like to

make sure I put my Basil's out when it's

about anywhere between 45 and 50 degrees

at night so it's going to be later in

the season I typically plant mine around

Memorial Day Memorial Day is a lot later

than most of our other plants go in the

ground but it makes sure that the plants

are going to be off to a good start

because you'll find that if you plant

them in cold weather they'll be very

stunted and they won't grow very well

and that goes for any basil variety

right whether it's a spicy glow basil a

Thai basil or an Italian large leaf

basil now once they are started and they

are growing basil will grow up until the

first frost it will continue to grow and

I've actually had some basil varieties

survived a first frost once they get

established it's just you don't want to

put them out when it's cold because once

you start once you start bad they

typically are stunted throughout the

season but that's really it when it

comes to growing basil it's a very very

easy one to grow and a lot of people shy

away from it I think because maybe it's

maintenance maybe they just overthink it

I have no clue but hopefully this showed

just how easy it was a little care goes

a long ways and you can have some nice

fresh basil on on salads and pastas and

all man it's just it's one that you have

to grow to you just have to grow it so

that you can understand us how amazing

it is so hope y'all enjoyed hopefully

you all are growing basil if you are let

me know in the comments box below how

you're doing with it and also lets check

out all our other growing guides we have

so many of them I think we have like 20

or 21 now they're all over on my

gardener comm you can go to videos and

select growing guys or you can check out

our playlist here on youtube but go

check out our website as well cuz we

have lots of blogs and other cool free

information for you over there and it's

going to get you growing big or going

home so I'll talk to y'all later

hopefully you all are growing bigger

going home this is Luke and I'll talk to

y'all later

see ya bye

Oh

you