Tips for Starting Flower Seeds [Indoors]

if you've got Hardy annuals you think

about one temperature if you've got

tender annuals or warm weather crops you

think about one type of methodology tips

for flower germination the number one

tip I would give everyone is to use

vermiculite a lot of flowers require

light to germinate and instead of trying

to memorize each and every variety that

needs light to germinate or it doesn't

need light to germinate the best thing

you can do is to take a layer of

vermiculite you can buy it for $20 from

Home Depot you can buy a really big bag

that last you like a whole season and

every time that you germinate it you see

two tray you put your seeds just on the

surface of the soil you make a very

light indent and then you sprinkle them

in and then a put a even layer of

vermiculite on top and that will allow

the light to come through I was very

make the only different than covering on

soil so the soil is going to prevent the

light from coming through it's going to

basically be darkness and there are some

flowers like larks fern for example that

do need darkness to Germany those are

the flowers you do need to be aware of

whether it's light or dark

so just memorize the three or four

flowers again sweetpea is another

example that needs darkness to germany

memorize those and you're set so in

those cases actually what I do is I will

cover the tray with soil after I'm done

seating and then I will still put

vermiculite on top of that and the

reason for that is the vermiculite

prevents dampening off since I'm growing

indoors I tend to get more dampening off

than a lot of other growers get and say

a greenhouse

so the vermiculite layer on top head is

my bets a lot and I find that I'm able

to prevent the dampening off most of the

time so in summary there crops that

require darkness cover in soil

crops that require light

vermiculite you got when it comes to cut

flowers how much variability is there in

terms of seeding to germination time

there's a lot there's a lot of variation

between different varieties and you need

to be aware of certain crops that are

very difficult to grow like lisianthus

they take upwards of 12 days to

germinate and then you have to keep them

indoors or in their cell trays for even

10 to 12 weeks temperature in

germination so really when you think

about flowers cut flowers you separate

them into two blocks you've got your

hardy annuals which are cool weather

crops they can survive like Frost's

those want to be germinated at 70

degrees and even grown at 70 degrees and

then for your warmer weather crops all

of your tender annuals you want to grow

those germinate them at around 75 to 85

airing on the 80-85 range and then grow

them on even at 90 degrees for people

just starting out is a good cheat sheet

to look at the information in the

catalog of germination specifics and try

and cater your system to that so I used

to exhaust myself running after that

information and honestly when you go

from a say ajani's to a fleuret to geo

seeds they all have varying amounts of

information and a lot of times that

information is even conflicting I found

that if you want to think about it in

terms of cheat sheet you just pick these

categories you pick these types of

flowers and you think of them

your germination temperatures and you're

growing on that way so like I was saying

before if you've got hardy annuals you

think about one temperature if you've

got tender annuals or warm weather crops

you think about one type of methodology

so the basic filter if we're thinking

about of your system here is it a does

it need to germinate in a warmer

temperature or cooler temperature

doesn't need light or does it not and if

you observe those two factors does that

solve most of the problems that would

take care of I would say close to 90

percent of the problems

silly flowers that have low germination

rate you oversee yep

some flowers will have germination rates

as low as 50% or even better yet there's

a lot of seed packets that you order

from companies like geo seed we really

love ordering our flowers from GOC it's

very inexpensive

they don't have germination rates on

their packets at all so I will go as

high as 4 to 5 seats per so what about

cold stratification is it ever necessary

and if so how do you do it so there are

a few crops that you want to cold

stratify Larkspur or delphinium the

names are kind of interchangeable one is

like a perennial bread as an annual one

is strictly an annual anyways with those

guys you want to stick them in the

fridge for two weeks and it's the same

with bells of Ireland which is a very

popular foliage again you want to stick

them in the fridge for two weeks another

thing I would point out is that there's

a few cities you want to soak and

predominantly sweet peas you want to

make sure that when you get them you

soak them for at least 12 hours some

people just do it like an evening when

they're going to bed and then then when

they wake up they'll see them so in your

current setup it's about 10 inches from

the top of the flat to the bottom of the

light at what point do you start to

transplant these crops out into the

field and do you find that they get lazy

at home

very little luckiness if none at all now

that we have this system sort of dialed

in and in terms of transplanting them

the lights don't make them grow

exceptionally fast unless you have both

sets of lights on so one way that you

can control how like let's say you don't

have the opportunity gets raining a lot

and you can't get out there right now

into your ground you can just crank it

down to the lower light setting you know

one set of bulbs on instead of both set

of bulbs on and that'll slow their

growth and generally I like to

transplant them out when they've got two

sets of cotyledons it varies a lot from

two sets of cuttings two sets

leaves but it varies a lot from flower

to flower generally I just want them to

see to be stocky and able to handle the

transplant especially if it's hot

outside I like them to be a little bit

bigger in the cool weather they can

they're not as subject to heat stress or

to dying off quickly but yeah generally

looking for for two sets of leaves or

four leaves