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How To Grow Peppers - Complete Growing Guide

well hello everyone and welcome to

another complete growing guide here on

the emigrant channel in today's growing

guide we're going to be talking about

peppers peppers are a very easy plant to

grow but until you've grown them

successfully you really don't know how

easy it is and that's because there's a

lot of small things that can go wrong

it's really not a hard plant to grow but

when you do those small little things

wrong it can lead to a less than

successful pepper harvest later on so

hopefully this episode is going to clear

up those tiny little things that might

be going wrong and get you on your way

to having a successful harvest the first

thing you're going to want to make sure

is that you either start them in a

greenhouse or go to get them at a

greenhouse the reason is because

oftentimes people want to start them

from seed in ground and that is a huge

mistake the reason is because when you

wait sometimes you wait until the soil

temperature is right and that's after

about a month or two after your last

frost but then depending on what you're

trying to start maybe bell pepper seeds

take about five to nine days or maybe

you're trying to start something like

habaneros or bucho low Kias those can

take up to a month so you have a case in

which you've already waited to date or

two months and then you're waiting up to

another month so that's three months out

of your growing season just spent

getting a plant to be up and growing so

that can be very very discouraging to

someone that's doing that because you

you basically spend all of your growing

season just trying to get a plant

started and then once they do sprout it

takes between 50 and 80 days to actually

get ripe fruit so you don't want to do

that because it's just going to waste

all of your time only to get nothing so

what we have here is some healthy plants

we started in our greenhouse about four

weeks before our last frost date and

that's going to give us a really good

head start on our growing season now the

next thing is making sure the soil

temperature is warm we touched on it a

little bit earlier in the episode but

you want to make sure that the soil

temperature is between 55 and 65 degrees

and that's because warmer soils are

better for peppers peppers are a

tropical plant and tropical plants

obviously like those warmer weather that

warmer temperature so if you try to

start them and you put them in the

ground when it's

you know high 30s or low 40s mid 40s

anything like that that's still

considered cool or cold soil is going to

stunt the plant that a stunted plant

means less harvest because it's going to

be a smaller plant also less fruit and

it's going to just look like a stunted

pathetic plant however if you wait for

the soil to be warm it's not going to go

through any transplant shock in terms of

temperature goes so you're going to have

a much better start to your season if

you just wait a few more weeks to your

soil temperatures warm up the next thing

that kind of goes along with soil

temperature is the amount of Sun they

get so peppers are also a plant that you

don't want them getting too hot because

if they get too hot they're actually

going to start dropping their flowers

and drop flowers means dropped fruit in

the end which ultimately leads to less

harvest so what you're going to want to

do is you're going to want to plant them

in a place that gets between five and

eight hours of full Sun any more than

that in the peak season of late July

early August when it's really hot you're

going to find that the peppers will drop

some of their fruit if you get any more

than five eight hours of Sun because

they just get overexposed and it ends up

stressing the plant out so that five to

eight hours is going to give you just

enough to make sure they're not not not

getting enough Sun but not too much that

they're dropping their fruit also make

sure that the sunlight is a very strong

full Sun though you don't want to plant

them under a tree that might get

filtered Sun pepper plants need a very

full strong Sun but they just don't need

a lot of it so no more than eight hours

and you're going to be fine

the last thing before we start planting

is the soil the soil we're using is a

compost blend it's just a mixture of

sand a little bit of topsoil and mostly

compost and that's going to give us a

very loose Airy fluffy mix optimized

people don't give the right soil

mixtures to their pepper plants and

pepper plants are something that's

really going to surprise you when you

actually do it successfully how large

the roots go out because you need at

least a square foot per plant in order

to get all of the available nutrients

and water that's required to have a six

bell pepper plant so oftentimes people

might they might not have a good soil or

they might overcrowd and which we'll get

to in spacing in a little bit but you

make you want to make sure that you have

that square foot so you can take up all

that available nutrients all available

water and then that way they can get up

to a really great healthy plant for you

so let's start planting now and then

we'll talk about some other tips in a

little bit so when it comes to pepper

plants

I never space mine any less than a foot

and a half apart I treat them just like

tomatoes pepper plants they can be grown

a foot apart but I find that a foot

apart is just not enough for me when I

have a really successful really

beautiful healthy pepper plant it takes

up every inch of that foot and a half so

I like to give them a foot and a half

and a foot and a half that way they have

a great great growing space where

they're not going to crowded out by

anything and they can really just do

their thing to the best of their

abilities so in this bed here we're

talking three feet long and so I'll put

a plant here and a plant here now

talking about soil pH if that's

something that you like to get into

pepper plants don't like an overly

acidic pH they like a pH not like

tomatoes that like at five point five

but they also they don't like it to be

super acidic they like it to be around a

six to a six point five just barely

acidic and you'll notice what I did when

I planted this pepper plant is I did not

bury it super deep oftentimes people

treat them just like tomatoes and that's

a really common mistake is that there is

an urban legend out there or a you know

an old wives tale that says oh if you

plant peppers like tomatoes they'll

plant they'll put out roots all along

the stem and that's just not true

the reason is because pepper plants are

in fact in the Solon dense a family just

like tomatoes eggplants tomatillos but

you'll notice that they don't have the

hair all along the stem like tomatoes do

and so what you're going to find is that

when you bury them deeper it's really

actually going to hamper the growth and

I'm not quite sure why and a lot of

people have

not been able to answer this but I think

it has something to do with the fact

that the soil actually kind of girdles

the stem and doesn't allow the the plant

to actually expand the stem and when the

stem expands it actually will help more

more nutrient uptake more water uptake

and that can have a larger healthier

plant years that I've experimented with

burying them even two inches three

inches up the plant the plant actually

gets stunted and has less flowers and

fruit than one that isn't very deep so

that's why you really just want to plant

them at soil level now the next thing

that I want to talk about with peppers

is it comes to pruning oftentimes people

want to prune their pepper plant that is

totally fine if you want to do so and I

would highly recommend it

I don't prune my pepper plants because

you will find that depending on your

growing season you may not want to prune

pruning a pepper plant will in fact help

lower the center of gravity so it'll be

a less it'll be less easy to snap it

will in fact start bushing out a lot

like tomatoes but you want to make sure

you have a long enough growing season

because when you eliminate the top

growing stem it takes a while for them

to push side shoots and then those side

shoots have to grow it as well in order

to fruit so it's something that you have

to do with your own personal it's your

own personal opinion on what you do

I don't however you can if you have a

long enough growing season and the very

last thing we're going to talk about is

soil nutrients when it comes to

fertilizing peppers you want to give

them a very good all-purpose fertilizer

I've sprinkled in some of our trifecta

in here and amended this it amended it

all into the bed but when it comes to

pepper plants if you're not using

trifecta you want to use something

that's pretty all balanced you don't

want a fertilizer that's going to be

favoring any nutrients so let's say it's

really high in let's say it's really

high in nitrogen that's going to be a

problem because the amount of nitrogen

in the soil is going to directly have an

effect on the plant if it's really green

you're giving it too much nitrogen

because a pepper plant does not need to

be a

super dark green the the leaves of the

the leaves of the pepper plant should be

a light - kind of a lime green you don't

want them to be a deep forest green that

just means they're getting far too much

nitrogen and it's going to be growing

more than its fruiting and so you might

have a really healthy plant in the end

it's going to be large but how much

Rooter you're getting and that's really

what matters the next thing is

phosphorus you don't want to have a

whole ton of phosphorus in the soil

either or a fertilizer that favors

phosphorus more or less because that's

going to just give you a lot of fruit

but the plant won't really grow and the

thing is is that a taller plant that

also fruits is going to be better than a

smaller plant that has tons of fruit

because the plant also needs to be able

to sustain the amount of fruit that it's

putting out so it kind of need they kind

of need to go hand in hand the last

thing is obviously potassium potassium

kind of does the same thing as nitrogen

and you don't want too much potassium

either because it will again make the

leaves really green and it will prevent

the plant from producing any flowers

because it's going to be just it's going

to be almost too healthy and that is

going to affect the amount of fruit that

comes on your pepper plants so I

typically go with a very balanced

all-natural organic fertilizer for my

plants a five five five will be fine a

seven seven seven even something like

like a 1012 10 you know I mean something

something that's just not going to be

favoring too much in any of the

categories of the NPK and the last thing

we have to do is just water these in now

when you're watering pepper plants the

amount of water you give them does not

have to be a torrential drenching they

do not need to be that wet all the time

pepper plants are actually some of the

plants that can be a little more drought

tolerant when you when you water plant

all the time it can actually stress the

plant out and if you've ever seen your

leaves curling downwards or up sometimes

they curl up sometimes they curl down

but often times when they curl it's

caused by something called pepper leaf

oedema and that is actually an over

watering of the plant the the cells in

the in the plant leaf will actually

expand and

well and it will cause the leaf to bow

down words and and that actually can

stress the plant and cause harm to fruit

and flower production as well so you

just want to make sure that you let them

dry out in between waterings you do not

need to water them all the time and it's

going to lead to a far healthier and far

more successful pepper plant so I thank

you all for tuning in for this growing

guide hopefully you all enjoyed

hopefully you learn something new I do

hope you have a very successful year for

growing peppers and if you do let us

know how this episode helped in the

comments box below also if you have any

more ideas for any growing guy do you

like to see post that in the comments

box below you can also see all the other

growing guides we've ever done over at

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section and select growing guides and

that's going to give you a full list of

all the growing guys we've done so until

next episode this is luke from the my

garter channel hoping you all are

growing big or going home i'll catch you

all later see ya bye