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What Does It Take To Get Your Instrument Rating | FAA Requirements

All right, so you're a pilot and you want to take the next step and get your

instrument rating. Which begs the question what does it take to get your

instrument rating? Well, the answer to that coming up.

Getting your instrument rating is a great thing. It unlocks a whole new

level of flying and helps you become a better safer pilot. As well as give you

some other perks. Today we're going to go through the requirements found in FAR

section 61.65 which I'll go ahead and link down in the description below. Now,

let's get started with the prerequisites. The first thing you're going to need is

your private pilot's certificate. If you're just exploring aviation and found

this video, you can check out the description down below and what it takes

to get your private pilot license. Or, more accurately, the Private Pilot

certificate which is what it's actually called. We go over the actual FAA

regulations to get one and talk about how much it should cost you. But the next

prerequisite you need to be able to speak write and understand English.

I know this may sound silly since its a requirement for the private pilot

certificate, but it's still a requirement here because sometimes English may not

be a pilot's first language and language skills diminish over time. So, think of it

more like a proficiency check. Last you're going to need 50 hours of

cross-country time as pilot-in-command. This is to give you real-life experience

beyond your initial flight training. Now not all 50 hours need to be completed to

get started with your instrument rating. But, you do need to have 50 hours before

you take your instrument check ride. I recommend having about 30 to 35 hours

completed before you start your instrument training and you can complete

the rest as you go through it. So ,that's all the prerequisites but there is one

more thing you should consider doing before you really get started. Just like

the Private Pilot certificate, the instrument rating has a written test.

You'll need to receive and log ground training from your instructor or take a

course that provides a certificate of completion saying you're ready for the

test. Again, this isn't a prerequisite to get started. You can actually take your

test at any point to your training, but we recommend getting your written done

first. If you do, you'll understand what you're doing,

reduce your workload, and it'll help things go more smoothly. So what's going

to be covered in the test? Well, things like regulations, navigation, approach

procedures, weather, aircraft operations, single pilot resource management, and

decision-making related specifically to instrument flight rules, or IFR for short.

Alright so those are all the prerequisites and hopefully it's through

written test out of the way you're ready for your flight training. Now, you're

going to need 40 hours of instrument time that covers: pre-flight preparation,

pre-flight procedures, air traffic control clearances

Procedures, flight by referenced instruments, navigation systems,

instrument approach procedures, emergency operations, and post flight procedures.

Now, the list seems short but there's a lot of training to go over in each

category. There is some good news though, not all the training has to be done in

an aircraft. You can use an FAA approved flight training device or simulator. Now

don't confuse a simulator you play it on your computer with an FAA approved

flight training device. In some scenarios they may use the same software but

approved flight training devices are exactly what they sound like, approved for

flight training, so you can log time in them. Using a simulator can be a great

choice that offers a lot benefits. Like, less the workload, lower costs, and

enhanced training. If you're getting your instrument training under far part 61,

you can use a simulator for a maximum of 20 of your 40 hours of instrument time.

So let's talk a little bit more about the 40 hours, like how you only need a

certified instructor for 15 hours of it. Crazy right? The other 25 can come

through other people like a friend who's a private pilot and qualified to act as

pilot command. They can be your safety pilot while you practice logging time

for your training this may or may not be helpful though because most people will

need close to 40 hours of dual instruction anyways. But, it's good to

know that there's an option. Towards the end of your training you need to be able

to practically apply the knowledge you'll learn by taking your instructor

on a 250 mile cross-country IFR flight. You'll need to plan the flight, file a

flight plan, and be directed by air traffic control byte direct routing or

along. Airways each stop along your route needs to be made using instrument

approaches and you'll have to conduct three different approaches and using

your plane's navigation systems. It's quite the task but it'll get you ready

for your instrument check ride. Speaking of your check ride you need to make sure

you have at least three hours of training from your instructor within the

preceding two calendar months before you take it. Then you just need to make sure

your instructor fills out the proper endorsements in your logbook before the

day of the check ride. Just like your private pilot certificate it consists of

an oral portion to see how you apply the things you've learned and a flying

portion to make sure able to safely apply them. Alright, that should be

everything you need to know about what it takes to get your instrument rating.

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