start

Seed Starting Kohlrabi, Kale, Broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, Cabbages: Planting, Feeding, Transplanting

welcome to the rustic garden today I

want to talk about vegetables of the

Brassica family and I want to talk about

cabbages kale broccoli kohlrabi and

Brussels sprouts those are the five that

I'm growing for my garden they're more

in that family but we're going to stick

with those for this video I also want to

do a complete video from seed starting

to sending them feeding them and then

actually getting them into these cups so

the video will be a little bit long but

it's going to cover everything for you

first thing are the seeds of the

cabbages kales broccoli they all look

very similar they're all very small and

when you plant them I recommend putting

three to four in per cell you're going

to have to thin these but you don't ever

want to just be waiting for one seed to

germinate that may not be viable to set

up your starting mix always

pre-moistened whatever starting mix you

use and then once you fill it once thumb

pack it down you thumb pack it down you

want a nice solid starting base for your

seeds and then once it's packed down you

just fill it up again so when you get to

the seed starting and I'm not going to

pull the seeds out it's pretty

straightforward I just dropped three or

four into here and then I gently mix

about a quarter inch of the soil

make sure the seeds fall under and then

I just gently press them down they would

go into a tray like this your bottom

water let the water come in and really

in five to seven days either go to

germinate they germinate very very

quickly so let's go over what I have

here these are kales and they were

planted on the 16th of January so these

are about what that 22 days old these

are planted on the 20th so they're a

little bit younger and you can see just

you know matter of four days how quickly

you know they get bigger

this is kohlrabi we have Brussels

sprouts collards from the south I found

a variety down there that I can't get up

here for whatever reason and also purple

cabbage and that is broccoli right there

so after you get to a bow

let's say I don't know two weeks worth

of growth they're going to be at

different sizes these are too small too

thin right now but once they get to

about this size you have to look at the

plants and like I said here only once he

germinated the plant looks like it's you

know a good size in here you have three

of them and they're very Hardy so in

this case you can just gently pull out

the plants that you don't want you could

also cut them and you want to thin

everything to one plant and the reason

you want to do that is because when they

get to this size after about two or

three weeks of growth they use up the

seed coat that's in there they use that

for really fertilizer and they start to

compete pretty heavily with each other

so thin them down to one plant you could

divide these out they're really really

Hardy but I tell you six kale plants is

a lot of kale and I have I don't know I

would probably have thirty five plants

so I just don't need all of these I will

use these in the salad though later

because they taste just like kale even

at that size so you thin them down and

yet you know two or three weeks this is

what you wanted to look like also at the

two or three weeks you can see that they

have their second and third sets of

leaves this is when I would feed them I

would just use a half-strength liquid

fertilizer pour it into there and about

once a week thereafter give them a

liquid feeding when I water them and

they'll get nice and healthy these are

almost ready in about a week they'll be

ready to be transplanted so I have the

kohlrabi the kales over here these are

only about four or five days older and

I've already send them there a little

bit leggy and that happens because these

are the family the Brassica really

really are fast germinate errs and fast

growers and my light is just never

intense enough but you don't have to

worry about it because this will become

a very thick stem and you just take care

of that when you transplant it so these

have been thinned down to one plant

once they get you know to that size you

can see how the root ball really has

formed you have roots everywhere so the

roots are really starting to take over

the little cell and the starting mix so

it's really time to get them into a cup

so all you do for that let me move this

out of the way because you can get any

kind of container I prefer using

styrofoam cups I recycle them year after

year and it can last really about three

years you could use these but they're

hard to label so I use styrofoam cups

make sure you poke a hole in them at

this point when you're transplanting

your plants from the seed starting mix

into the larger cups you don't have to

use seed start mix that just happens to

be what I have but you can just buy a

larger bag of potting soil and use that

is a little less expensive than using

these products I just label it that's

why I like to start from cups are really

really easy to label kohlrabi now it is

February 7th here it's a little bit

early for these plants but they're very

Hardy so they're going to survive well

in these cups I'm going to get them into

my greenhouse if it were spring now and

we reach the you know close to the last

frost date these could go right into the

garden like this but I'm going to put

them in two cups these are cold tolerant

plants they enjoy the cold they actually

taste sweeter in the cold and they can

take a light frost they don't die out if

their leaves freeze but you don't want a

heavy frost they also do really well

during a warm weather the hot season and

in my area Maryland zone seven they will

survive through the winter so it's a

great plant to really have label it

holes drop it a little bit of soil and

this is where you want to bury the plant

to about there and that will help take

care of the leg enos so just have it

look like that

add the starting mix press it in press

it around the stem and then you have a

nicely transplanted kohlrabi you'll be

the same thing for the kales and all the

other plants once you have them in cups

let me move this out of the way you can

just grow them in a flat like this drop

the cups in there they have holes on the

bottom you would bottom water them and

about once a week these are going to

might need to be water maybe twice a

week or a little bit more but about once

a week just at half-strength liquid

fertilizer to your watering and these

will do really really well hope you

enjoyed the video you get a sense of how

to plant kohlrabi again three or four

seeds per cell they germinate in five to

seven days after about I don't know two

to three weeks you need to thin them

like I did plans over here they were

thin - one per cell and you thin them

out when they look like that one per

cell let them grow about another week or

so send out then you go right into these

transplant cups you'll be able to house

them in here for many many weeks indoors

you can put them you know outside when

it's still cold out you could bring them

inside if you want if you don't want

them to freeze at night but these are a

great family of plants the Brassica for

early crops getting them out in the cold

getting them out when there's some frost

and they will last the whole season hope

you enjoy the video please check out my

blog at www.micaelaferrero.com