How to start a compost bin

we have a food waste problem out of all

the things we throw out food occupies

the most space in American landfills the

average American family of four throws

out $1600 of produce each year

Australian throw out up to 20% of

Thursday by adding up to about a

thousand and thirty six dollars annually

for the average household when food goes

to the landfill it's not returning to

the earth in a pleasant way as it rots

it releases methane a devastating

greenhouse gas although some dioxide is

more prolific than methane in the


Nathan causes greater short-term damage

it dissipates within a decade but traps

up to a hundred times more heat than

carbon dioxide inside year period

composting your food scraps is an

important step to take and reducing your

personal impact when we compost our food

we're diverting it from the landfill and

allowing it to break down in a way that

significantly reduces and even prevents

methane production on top of that you

can actually use the finished compost a

gardening and landscape project today

alex and i are going to build a compost

bin for Alex's mom but first a little

more on how composting works it's not as

easy as dumping your food scraps in a

pile there's a little bit of science to

it in order to your compost to be happy

you need to have a balance of nitrogen

and carbon greens and browns greens

include food scraps coffee grounds tea

bags garden scraps and fresh grass

clippings Browns include dry leaves

straw sawdust twigs paper napkins and

newspaper you should have two to three

times as much Brown as greens if you

have too much green your compost pile

will stink most organic materials can go

into the compost including eggshells

hair fingernails qeh cotton and wool but

you should not compost meat dairy bones

pet feces or diseased plants when you

add to your compost make sure you cover

your greens with browns in order to

prevent odor and pests it's good to

throw in some soil in there as it will

introduce more organisms into your pot

you also need to make sure your little

science project is properly hydrated if

the microorganisms don't get enough

water they'll die if they get too much

water they'll drown you want to land

somewhere in the middle cover your

compost during heavy rains and add water

if needed the healthy compost you also

want to aerate

pod this can be interning at every few

days and potentially dragging holes into

it to create air channels if you do a

good job of balancing greens Browns

water and air you can get finished

compost every few months finished

compost is dark brown smells earthy and

has a crumbly texture Tom past returns

important nutrients to the soil which is

great for gardening or growing food if

you don't have a garden often neighbors

friends and families if they would like

some could even sell it okay now for

that compost bin Alex's mom asked us to

put together a compost bin with this

spare trash can that she has laying

around so what we're going to do is

drill some holes into it so it can get

air flow I'm going to set it up onto

some bricks so that the air can come

under and that's about all we're doing

to modify it you don't need to go out

and buy a super expensive compost kit

you can make your own at home pretty




all right now we're putting things in

the compost I'm just going to take leave

Brown for carbon and put them at the

bottom we're going to put some bigger

sticks and drops and whatever in here

just because to give a little bit of

structure we have some common yard

totally optional and I recommend is ten

barging your iron instead of buying some

from the store but it is good for the


but you shouldn't use pet feces in your

compost for that month yeah sounds are

great because they grow that will

introduce some nice bacteria into the

compost in the same way that adding some

natural soil and dirt would all right

that's a household vegetable scraps here

if you have time to cut up your scraps

before putting them in the compost

that's ideal it's smaller the bits are

the sooner they'll break down we'll put

some wall brown on top now we have to

use the water in the water we put in

came out too fast from the holes in the

bottom so we're going to put a bit of

burlap sack in the bottom to help slow

that down

would ash and charcoal have a high

carbon content sorry

it's a North write it down without the

nitrogen if you don't want used too much

put that lid on it so that it doesn't

get too much water in it during heavy

rains you don't want your compost to get

and also having a lid on it keeps pests

and animals out we also wanted to show

you my grandmother's composting system

which has been using for a couple of


we've got like a foot and a half long

piece of PVC pipe fill some holes around

the edges at the bottom all the way

around and you just stick it into your

garden bed and put food scraps in there

cover it up and the one will get into it

so for the compost that doesn't fit

inside of the PVC pipes

Alexes grandma has a large bin where she

puts all the extras into compost so

steam coming out of this compost which

means it's breaking down really well

yeah it's hot good compost should get

hot and it doesn't smell so even if

you're in a city you can have a compost

bin so I'm going to keep it right it

won't make your apartment smells your

landlord won't no it's better so this is

a rubbish bin with a tap on the bottom

you just put some manure in there oh so

a cow and fill it with water and then

out of the tap you can get some liquid

fertilizer to put on your gun