Preparing Soil For Planting An Organic Vegetable Garden

hi I'm Terry Allen with seeds of change

and today we're here at the beautiful

Lincoln Park Zoo in Chicago talking to

Jeanne Nolan I'm the founder of the

organic gardener limited and the

director of the edible gardens in

Lincoln Park Zoo which I plant and

maintain on behalf of Green City Market

I've been growing food for over 20 years

and I'm very excited to help you get

started on your gardening journey as

organic gardeners we choose not to use

synthetic fertilizer herbicide or

pesticide instead as the plants take

nutrients from the soil each year we add

back in compost and certified organic

fertilizer proper soil preparation is a

crucial part of having a successful

organic garden your ultimate goal when

you're preparing soil whether you're in

the ground in a container or in a raised

bed is to achieve 18 inches of well

aerated nutrient-dense soil if you're

growing in the container the only tool

you will need is a problem if you're

growing in the earth or in a raised bed

you'll need a few other tools you'll

need a round nosed shovel a hard rake

and you'll be good to go the first step

to well-prepared soil is

aerating or loosening up your soil this

is really crucial so that the roots of

the plant can travel freely through the

soil to find the nutrients that they

need you can see that our soil is full

of worms when you see a lot of worms in

the soil it's a good indicator that the

soil is healthy which makes for healthy

plants even though we've been gardening

here for seven years we still add fresh

compost every year we also use a good

quality certified organic all-purpose

vegetable fertilizer read the back of

the package for directions on how much

to apply mix your compost and fertilizer

thoroughly into your soil the final step

is to rake the soil smooth to prepare it

for planting now you're ready to direct

seed into your well-prepared smooth

feedback for more great organic

gardening tips check out other videos

from seeds of change