When to Start Vegetable Seeds Indoors | Tomatoes, Peppers, Onions, Cucumbers and More!

hello everybody welcome back to

Wisconsin water garden a couple of days

ago we bought all the seeds that we'll

need for our vegetable crops this year

and now's the time that we're going to

start germinating some of the seeds

indoors and a couple of the seeds are

going to be planted outdoors as well

directly in the garden and today's video

is going to be all about that

what sort of seeds are you going to

germinate when and where are you gonna

terminate those seeds a lot of people

just aren't sure when to germinate them

to make sure that you have the best

harvest as possible that your timing is

optimum obviously if you germinate your

seeds too early you're gonna have the

the plants are going to be wanting more

than they're receiving indoors they're

not gonna have the right temperature

they're not gonna have the right light

yes you can grow vegetables indoors but

in most cases if you have germinated

seeds growing for for too long indoors

you're not going to have as healthy of a

plant as possible and the same thing

goes towards the flip side of that if

it's too long and we've we've waited way

past our specific point to germinate

those seeds they're just not going to be

harvested and the time that they should

be whether our hour constrictions there

would be like temperature like it might

be getting too hot outside for them to

set the fruit that they want to and or

it might even get too close to the fall

frost date but either way we get about a

hundred and sixty 170 growing days in

Wisconsin here so most likely you will

be ok you will get a harvest it's not

that this is do or die

most of the time you can be a week or

two or even three late or early

you'll be able to make do with it but

the more accurate we can be the better

our harvest is going to be I always

recommend experimenting and having fun

with your plants but when starting your

seedlings out it definitely does help

your harvest out if you do them at the

right time so I've got a couple of

different resources for you guys to

check out there's some great the first

thing that we need to do is figure out

when our last frost date is going to be

you can find that on the Farmers Almanac

just type in Almanac Farmers Almanac

frost date last frost date and you'll be

able to type in your specific area code

which will then relay information based

off of the weather towers in your area

that will give you an average last frost

date they also have this for the first

frost date in the fall

which is important for fall crops but

when growing spring spring crops you

want to know when that last frost date

is gonna be from that point you've got

to figure out what you're planting

calendar and schedule is going to be the

Farmers Almanac it has some resources on

that that we're gonna talk about later

but I've made a really quick and easy

guide for you guys for some of the most

common vegetables that are grown in the

garden on when you need to sow them and

germinate them some are in a group of 4

to 5 weeks and then we do a two to three

week group and then there's also a group

of seeds that are to be sown directly

into the garden now the reason why you

want to so some of these directly in the

garden is one they're more cold hardy

crops that can withstand the cold

weathers so you don't have to germinate

them inside you can just plant them

early enough in the season outdoors and

they'll do great

the main thing that you're looking at

for the other side of plants and

vegetables that can be sown in our

outdoors sorry is root crops you also do

not want to plant most root crops at

least I really don't recommend it

because if you think about it the

vegetable the actual meat of that

vegetable is the root itself so I don't

want to start growing them indoors and

then have to transplant them and risk

damaging that root in the process you're

gonna be much better off even if it

takes a little bit longer for your

harvest just to sow them directly into

your garden you'll have much better

results this way so let's take a look at

the schedule that I've made for you guys

make sure you do hop on Farmers Almanac

to find your last frost date and then

you're going to go off of this schedule

here on how many weeks ahead of that

frost date you're gonna want to

germinate indoors all right here's the

planting schedule that I put together

for you guys

this is in three different groups we

have the four to five week group the two

to three week group and the direct sow

group again this time is going to be

before your last frost date so use that

Farmers Almanac to find your last frost

date and then go back either two to

three weeks or four to five weeks for

these there is also some vegetables that

require more than five weeks like six

seven sometimes even eight weeks at the

max but these I didn't put on here

because nobody wants these things

growing for eight weeks in their

basement or up on top of their fridge

you just you have more and more risk as

goes on that those seedlings are going

to struggle and not be as healthy as

possible so for these plants I just

recommend buying them as seedlings and

that's why I didn't put them on this

list so first off we have this four to

five week group the reason why these are

4 to 5 weeks or that just that they take

longer and the plant itself needs to be

a larger size before we're gonna put it

outside and subject it to the weather

these are going to be basil celery

eggplants onions parsley peppers and

tomatoes as we all know peppers and

tomatoes especially take a long time to

grow which is why these definitely need

to be planted here at 4 to 5 weeks and

I'll tell you about these onions and

spinach in a little bit but here are

everything that are four to five weeks

there are some varieties of peppers that

need even longer to be strong enough to

be outside but make sure that you guys

are reading the back of your seed

packages when growing too so if you see

some variety that does not match up with

these timeframes that's just based off

of that specific variety so that may

vary a little bit but generally you're

always gonna be ok with these timeframes

right here so moving on to two to three

weeks we have broccoli cabbage cucumbers

lettuce spinach squash and watermelon

now again these are two to three weeks

because they're a little bit faster

growing and they might be also more cold

or less cold tolerant than the previous

group and then moving on we have the

direct so these are gonna be your beans

beets carrots corn peas potatoes and

radishes as well as any other

root crop like I said earlier in the

video you want to make sure you get your

root crops direct so then now the time

that you direct so these can be

different as well which I will talk

about very soon after we go through this

I'll talk to you about the direct snow

stuff and how you can know exactly when

to plant all these as well before we get

to that let's talk about the spinach and


these here I have highlighted because

those two can also be direct sown

without any negative side effects as

long as you don't plant them out of

their calendar range like you're not

planting the spinach for weeks before

your frost date make sure that these are

still within the range preferably I

would I would recommend checking out

this calendar that I'm gonna talk about

a little bit and the same thing with the

onions you can plant these outdoors but

make sure you're planting them at the

right time so another great resource

that I'd love to show you guys besides

this calendar here is on the Farmers

Almanac and that's gonna give you some

dates for most of these vegetables and a

couple of other ones too so let's go and

talk about that one if you guys have any

questions on this please make sure you

leave a comment down below and I'll be

sure to get to your guys's questions and

answer them as accurately as possible if

you do have any questions make sure you

let me know what a great cultural zone

you're in and maybe even if possible if

you don't mind like what city that way I

can answer your questions accurately

let's go and talk about this other

resource the Farmers Almanac calendar

okay I hope you guys enjoyed that it's a

really nice and easy schedule that you

can follow as long as you have your last

frost date another great resource that I

highly recommend is the Farmers Almanac

planting calendar this is so useful to

the point where I recommend

printing it off and having that on your

wall in your garden shed or wherever

you've got all your gardening supplies

so that way it's something that you're

looking at often and after a while you

guys will on you'll know instinctually

when you need to plant what beginner

gardeners this is gonna take a while to

catch up on

but as you're working with the plants

over and over again year after year you

start to understand which plants can be

grown when but if you don't know that

even for people like me and because I

have a hard time remembering exactly

when everything's supposed to be put

where especially when you work with so

many different varieties of vegetables

it can be hard which is why I print that

out and I make sure I look at that every

single year so I know when I'm putting

my plants and if I am germinating by

seed if you're growing by seedling you

can usually just put them right into the

ground once the seedlings are available

because most nurseries do understand

that they're not going to want to be

stocking vegetables and plants that

can't be put into the ground because

they're gonna get a lot of negative

feedback with people that just don't

know how to garden correctly so if you

if you're growing seedlings from the

nursery you can go ahead and put those

right into the soil but otherwise I've

just found that it's really really

helpful to have that growing calendar or

that planting calendar printed off and

this also goes by your zip code which is

really great because it's super accurate

I think it has like a 10 day variance or

so something like that give or take but

most of these plants are going to be

able to withstand a some variance in it

it's not going to be do or die it

doesn't have to be exact but you're

going to be a little bit better off

being later than way too early as far as

transplanting in the garden and

everything so just take a look at that


it's a great resource I hope you found

all this information helpful I try to

get this out early for you guys because

I know all across the country people

have already started germinating this

seeds getting them growing indoors which

is one of the videos that is coming up

next we're going to be germinating our

seeds we're going to show you how to

grow them and germinate them both in

soil and then we're also gonna do the

fun method which is paper towel and you

guys are gonna figure out which one I

recommend the most base off of my

results so thank you guys all so much

for watching click this box right up

here to move on to the next episode

happy gardening