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Starting Sentence With Because - Reason Prep Daily #43

go ahead and try this question

because he moved his queen to early

Christian could not respond to his

opponent's counter-attack now many of

you or some of you perhaps when doing

this question might have gotten rid of a

B and C immediately simply because they

start with the word because and as we're

gonna see in this video that is not in

itself a good reason to get rid of a

choice you may have heard the rule or

learned the rule at some point that oh

you can't start a sentence with because

and there's a good reason you were

taught that rule but it's a bit more

complicated than that and this question

will illustrate why let's skip a for now

let's actually look at B and in B we're

gonna see the issue that sentences that

start with because often have so let's

look at B because Christian moved his

queen too early and could not respond to

his opponent's counter-attack their

problem with B and the reason why you

are taught not to start a sentence

because is B is a fragment it's an

incomplete sentence it's to be specific

it's a subordinate clause or a dependent

clause without a completing independent

clause so one way to fix this would be

to put a comma after this and then have

some completing independent clause that

will make the sentence independent

standing on its own but we don't have

that here so as written B is a fragment

and this is the main reason why you are

taught not to start a sentence with

because because a lot of times when you

do that you'll make a sentence that's a

fragment and that's not good we don't

want fragments we want complete

sentences so B is wrong I guess in some

sense because it starts with because but

not only for that reason because

ultimately this becomes a and F fragment

because there's no completion to it

there's no independent clause to attach

on to this dependent clause so that's

why like the reason why you're taught

not to start a sentence with because

let's look at C because of moving his

queen too early led to Christian not

responding to his opponent's

counter-attack all right so we might

look at C and get rid of it because it

starts it's because but we can be a bit

more specific than that we've seen this

in a previous video because of is one of

those phrases than the SAT test makers

do not like in this case it is not

effective because ultimately what we get

in choice C is a choice that is wordy

and awkward you have to ask yourself

okay what is the improvement of C over

the original over choice a and it's not

immediately clear we've just added words

like this phrase because of moving his

Queen to early lead to Christian not

responding to just a very awkward phrase

so if a isn't good because we start with

because then C's not going to be much

better if we are okay with that with a

starting with because well because of as

we've said is not really something the

SAT likes they rather you just use

because let's look at the any most

likely if you picked something other

than a on this one you probably went

with D or you went with E so D Christian

who could not respond to his opponent's

counter-attack moved his Queen too early

so this one is okay in terms of the

grammar of it there's no fragment issue

we don't start the sentence with because

in fact you've eliminated the because

completely so you might say well what's

wrong with this well what's wrong with

this is it's no longer saying what the

original sentence is trying to say when

you're making a correction you want to

preserve the original meaning of a as

much as possible and in this case we're

completely changing it Christian who

could not respond to his opponent's

counter-attack moved his queen too early

in the original there's a cause and

effect where because he did this thing

because he moved his Queen too early

therefore he couldn't respond to the

counter-attack here it seems like the

causal our causal arrow is reversed that

he because he couldn't respond to his

opponent's counter-attack he moved his

Queen too early right so D the problem

with it is it's changing the meaning of

the original and it's just changing the

sentence too much most who were kind of

related but you're changing the sentence

too much you're changing the meaning

it's not a proper revision of choice a

how about a Christian moved his Queen

too early but he could not have

responded to his opponent's

counter-attack a couple things wrong

here first again the logic of the

sentence doesn't quite make sense I

think the grammar is more or less okay

it's just the logic that doesn't work so

but here doesn't make sense because that

shows a contrast like he move his Queen

too early but he could not have

responded to his opponent's

counter-attack what we should get as we

saw in the original is a

cause-and-effect link between those two

things not but they're kind of excluding

one another that's one problem the other

issue is we've changed the tense too

present tense the present perfect have

responded and there's no reason to do

that and in fact just makes the again

the cause-and-effect link even more

awkward and even more vague so again we

can get rid of e so we're left with a

and you might say well how come a works

how can we can start a sentence with

because well a does what we needed B to

do notice a starts with because he moved

his Queen too early this is a dependent

clause starts with the subordinating

conjunction because we've got a subject

he we've got moved which is a verb so

it's a complete sentence but it's not

independent it can't stand on its own if

you just had this part if you just had

because he moved his Queen to early

period that would be a fragment that

would be wrong yes but notice now we add

the independent clause to the end

because he moved his Queen to early

Christian subject could not respond verb

to his opponents counter-attacked

so we have a subordinate or dependent

clause and an independent clause linked

with a comma totally fine so you

absolutely can start a sentence with

because here you can start a sentence

with all kinds of things like since

although after all these are called

subordinating conjunctions and because

is one of them it's just one of the

functions of it so for the purposes of

this test a is the answer by the way for

the purposes of this test do not

immediately get rid of a choice if it

starts with because in fact it's

probably going to be right or one of the

choices starting with because I'll

probably end up being right because most

students will think you can't start a

sentence with because so you can kind of

psych out the college board a little bit

there but don't immediately get rid of

it make sure you've got a complete

sentence and as long as the sentence is

complete there's no fragment and it

makes sense logically it's probably

going to be your answer to learn more

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