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Maximize Cannabis Yields with Supercropping - A Beginner's Guide with Kyle Kushman

welcome to grow your own with Kyle

kushman today I'm going to show you how

to maximize yield by manipulating your

plant using a collection of techniques I

call super cropping some of these

techniques are trickier to master than

others so you'll need to have some

patience the four main techniques are

topping and training branch and node

pruning snapping and twisting and

selective leaf pruning let's start with

selective leaf pruning this involves

removing larger shade leaves that cover

nodes or budding sites denying them

access to the light below the first

layer of leaves all interior leaves that

is leaves pointing towards the interior

of the canopy can be removed you don't

necessarily need scissors simply pinch

the leaf and stem using your index

finger and thumb and with a firm upwards

motion lock it off don't start this type

of pruning until your plant is growing

vigorously once you see the leaves

crowding each other

shading the lower nodes you'll know it's

time to start selectively prune

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next branch and node fruit this is a

great way to improve the yield of your

plant by eliminating less useful bud

sites and delivering energy exactly

where you want now as you plant grows it

produces what we call sucker branches we

call them sucker branches because they

suck energy from the plant but won't

produce anything worthwhile due to lack

of direct intense light removing some of

the lower weaker branches diverts more

energy to what is left the budding and

branching sites higher up which do get

direct light the same thing goes for

nodes now a node starts out in the

crevice where a leaf stem meets the main

stem and it eventually becomes another

branch so imagine you have a branch with

six nodes all with the potential to

become branches that's going to drain a

lot of energy so what you do is remove

all but the top three nodes for an even

more extreme example imagine you have 15

branches with 15 nodes that's 225 nodes

now you clean all but the top 3 that's a

hundred and eighty nodes removed which

is 80 percent of the overall nodes on

the planet meaning what remains can grow

nearly 80% faster fewer sites drawing

energy from your plan thinning out

plants like this is vital before

flipping into flower

you don't want nodes and branches

crowding each other

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the next technique I want to talk about

is topping and training topping simply

put is a method which increases the

number of top colas marijuana tends to

grow like a Christmas tree with a very

tall central Apex topping gets rid of

this apex and allows lower satellite

branches to receive equal light and

become main colas as well

plants send all their growth hormones to

the highest tip because plants know they

have to outgrow everything around them

in order to get full Sun once topped

instead of one central branch getting

all the good light your satellite

branches will be receiving much more

energy your apex tip where you remove

the top will grow back as two tops while

it regrows the secondary branches will

catch up leaving you with a nice even

canopy some in fact most do this only

once but you can do it multiple times

increasing the number of branch tips

each time keep the number of tops

relative to the overall size of the

plant you'll find that without one

branch sticking above the rest you can

lower your lights and the entire canopy

will receive even light levels

on to training this is another good way

to even out your Canada you've done your

topping and it all looks good except for

a few satellite branches that have gone

crazy and they're sitting several inches

higher than the rest rather than cut off

those tops you just take them bend them

down tying them off so that they stay

down you can tie them to the bucket you

can also use a stake or you can weave it

into the scrub for me scrog meaning

screen of green isn't just about putting

up some trellis and letting your plants

grow through it to really maximize

yields take those eager branches they

can be six inches or a foot or whatever

and carefully by slowly twisting and

massaging as you bend them weave the

branch through the trellis now it's

secure and all the little nodes on these

branches will all stand up and they'll

all become tops and be roughly the same

height that's the advantage of scrog it

maximizes your space allowing you to

take all different height branches and

turn them into a super efficient level

canopy

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okay on to snapping and twisting also

known as bending and breaking this is at

the core of my super cropping techniques

it's a difficult skill to master but has

the most profound effect on the planet

your cannabis stock is made up of

several layers there's the skin that you

can see when you peel off that outer

herd and then there's a bunch of fibrous

material known as the herd and then

there's the center which is hollow

using both hands firmly yet delicately

grasp a branch and twist in opposite

directions until you feel and hear a

snap breaking the inner herd while

leaving the outer layers intact over the

next 24 hours the plant repairs itself

and over the next several days you'll

see a knuckle up here where you wounded

her the site of the break repairs itself

and just like when you break a bone the

repair is tougher you'll never break

that same bone in the same place again

that's why I call this method Cushman

chiropractic like calcifying a bone we

create a super-strong series of knuckles

that increase the strength of your plant

plants take up and pass water and

nutrients cell-to-cell what that knuckle

does is widen the cell-to-cell highway a

wire highway allows faster water and

nutrient uptake do this on every stem

from the bottom to the top then wait a

week and do it again never in the same

place twice what you end up with is a

much stronger plan with a superhighway

of cells you can start when the plant is

about a foot tall and keep going until

flower if you fall behind you may super

crop into the first week or two of

flower no matter how big your buds are

your plant will be three to five times

stronger than normal and may not require

additional support your yields will

increase as the cell-to-cell highway

increases improving the plant's ability

to uptake water and nutrients the wider

the highway the more traffic it will

take

it's a tricky skill but it's worth the

practice next week we'll take a look at

flipping your plants into flower see you

soon

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you