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Treatment and Management of Type 2 Diabetes

treatment and management of type 2

diabetes type 2 diabetes is a metabolic

disorder that causes sugar in the form

of glucose to accumulate in the blood

rather than being used as fuel by the

cells in our body

the goal of type-2 diabetes treatment is

to safely keep blood glucose within the

normal range

improving diet and exercising regularly

are important parts of type-2 diabetes

management and treatment in overweight

or obese persons weight loss can often

return blood glucose levels to normal if

it occurs early exercise decreases the

resistance of the cells to the action of

insulin making it easier for the glucose

to enter the cells from the bloodstream

this benefit of exercise occurs even if

there is no Associated weight loss

if weight loss improved diet and

exercise do not reduce blood glucose

levels adequately then medication is the

next step

there are a variety of oral and

injectable medications used to treat

type 2 diabetes most persons with

diabetes are initially prescribed

metformin metformin blocks the

production of glucose by the liver

metformin also decreases the resistance

of cells to insulin making it easier for

the cells to take up glucose from the

bloodstream after metformin doctors

often prescribe sulfonylureas or dpp-4

inhibitors like metformin sulfonylureas

are inexpensive and effective they work

by increasing insulin release from the

pancreas however they may cause

hypoglycemia hypoglycemia occurs when

the blood glucose level drops too low it

is important for patients to recognize

the symptoms of hypoglycemia

such as shakiness sweating palpitations

and weakness before it leads to more

dangerous effects such as confusion

fainting or loss of consciousness in

cretons are essential chemicals secreted

by the gut in response to meals and have

important anti-diabetic effects they

work by slowing the emptying of the

stomach so you feel full longer

increasing insulin secretion improving

insulin sensitivity and decreasing

glucose production

in diabetes Inc rheton levels are

reduced there are two types of

medications that work to improve the

levels of in cretons in the body the

oral dpp-4 inhibitors and the injectable

glp-1 analogs

the dpp-4 inhibitors prevent the

breakdown of ink ratan hormones and

increase their anti-diabetic effects

these newer medicines work by increasing

insulin production

they have little risk of hypoglycemia

they also make cells more sensitive to

the action of insulin the injectable

glp-1 analogs replace the in cretons

directly they also slow the movement of

food through the digestive tract so you

feel fuller longer they improve insulin

secretion and may promote weight loss

they also have a low risk of

hypoglycemia thiazolidinediones are

another class of oral anti-diabetic

agents they work by making the cells

more sensitive to insulin and decreasing

glucose production they do not cause

hypoglycemia but they may cause weight

gain other types of pills for diabetes

include sglt2 inhibitors

alpha-glucosidase inhibitors

and bromocriptine and colas of elam over

time

medications often become less effective

rather than switching a medication

your doctor may combine two different

ones that have been shown to work well

together if your blood glucose cannot be

controlled by pills alone

your doctor may put you on insulin

insulin is the most common injectable

medication used to treat diabetes there

are two types of insulin long-acting or

basal insulin and short acting or

mealtime insulin an insulin pump can be

used in type 2 diabetes to deliver

insulin just like the pancreas

healthy diet exercise and maintaining a

healthy body weight are important

aspects of diabetes management even if

you are on medications you should

develop a self management plan with your

doctor and other health professionals

such as a dietitian and certified

fitness professional

your plan should include eating healthy

foods and incorporating regular moderate

intensity exercise into your lifestyle

important dietary interventions specific

to diabetes include reducing sugars

starches and fatty foods strategies to

reduce stress at home and at work

ensuring adequate sleep and managing

depression if present are also important

in summary type 2 diabetes is treated by

a combination of diet exercise and

medication a variety of drugs are

available to treat diabetes

however self-management through

lifestyle plays a very important role