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When Should You Plant a Vegetable Garden in Michigan?

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when should you plant a vegetable garden

in Michigan

knowing when to plant your vegetable

garden ensures a healthy growth cycle

and harvest no matter where you live

different areas have much different

planting times Michigan gardeners for

example have cold winters and sometimes

late Springs depending on which part of

the state they live in timing for warm

season cool season and tender crops

varies greatly and relies heavily on

soil temperature and frost dates not all

vegetable crops require the same season

or temperatures to grow vigorously nor

are they all equally tolerant of frost

shaped heater snow warm season crops are

those that grow best during the warmer

parts of the season

these include sweet corn CMAs bar

Sakurada cucumbers cucumbers sativa

tomato' solanum lycopersicum peppers

capsicum SBP and melons cucumbers melo

all of these are tender crops that are

susceptible to frost damage or even

death by frost cool season vegetables on

the other hand prefer the cooler

temperatures of fall and spring many are

frost tolerant some to temperatures as

low as 20 degrees Fahrenheit onions

Allium CEPA

peas pisum sativum spinach spinach or

hacia leafy lettuces lack Tuukka sativa

and cold crops Brassica oleracea are all

cool season vegetables cold crops

include kale broccoli cauliflower

kohlrabi and cabbage cool season

vegetables tend to both become tough or

woody or have otherwise adverse flavors

or textures when grown in summer many

cool season vegetables can handle

planting times as early as the soil

thaws and is workable usually late march

through early april in southern michigan

and three weeks later in the most

northern parts tender warm season crops

however require much warmer soil

temperatures and must wait until the

danger of Frost has passed planting on

Memorial Day is a good rule of thumb but

frost dangers occur frequently

throughout much of Michigan and spring

if you plant around mid to late May keep

an eye on the weather forecasts and

cover your seedlings or transplants if

temperatures will fall below 40 degrees

Fahrenheit

checking the soil temperature helps

ensure your ground is ready for various

types of seeds different crops grow best

at different soil temperatures purchase

a soil thermometer from your local

hardware store or garden center you can

also use any thermometer that has the

capability of reading temperatures at

different depths many tender warm season

crops require soil temperature of

between 64 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit

while tomatoes and corn grow well when

planted at around 55 degrees Fahrenheit

cold tolerant crops will germinate and

grow at a soil temperature of around 45

degrees Fahrenheit for fall planting

knowing the days to harvest sometimes

called days to maturity of each crop

will help you determine when to plant

the seeds the days to harvest is listed

on each seed packet and determines how

many days a seed takes to mature and

produce harvest ready fruit for warm

season crops with short growing times

you can often plant twice during the

summer subtract the days to harvest from

your last average fall frost date to

give you a planting date for frost

tender vegetables

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