Gardening 101 Ep1: Indoor Vegetable Seed Starting Basics: Seeds, Starting Supplies & Lighting

yeah welcome to my first vegetable

garden for 2018 I'm gonna do a longer

format series and these videos will be

20 minutes to really 40 minutes long

they're going to be packed full of

information today's episode is about

seed starting indoors and I'm going to

go over seeds what the different packs

mean the supplies that you need to start

your seeds seed starting mix and I'm

gonna go over lighting and this whole

episode is to really give you an idea of

what you need to buy or what you need to

use to start transplants indoors now

previous years I would do a bunch of

short videos and you'd have to go and

search and find the topic that you want

rather than do a lot of small videos

again I'm going to do this long long

format video but I'm gonna have a

digital table of contents so you can

just click right through go ahead and

look in the description and find the

information you want in a nice easy way

so instead of having a video on just

seeds a video and lighting a video I'm

planting a video on these seed cells

it's all gonna be in one video so let's

get started with the basics this series

is also gonna focus on teaching you how

to grow a vegetable garden start to

finish and I'm gonna make the assumption

this is the first year that you want to

do it so I'm gonna talk a little bit

longer and really take the time to help

you understand what you need and again

I'm gonna do this in real time so to

speak so you can watch and grow as I

grow and we're gonna focus on a family

of 3 to 4 so what we get a plan enough

that you can have a garden to feed a

family of 3 or 4 first step starts with

the seeds and I wanted to explain a

couple of myths to you so that you don't

go and spend extra money because you

don't have the right information

first thing is sometimes you'll go and

you'll get these seed packs and it'll

say non-gmo a GMO is genetically

modified organism you will never find

them in these seed packs ever never so

don't spend money don't spend time

looking for something that says non-gmo

you're either going to get hybrids or

heirloom seeds in here organic not

organic I'll explain what that means in

a second - there's a bit of a myth there

but you will never find GMOs genetically

modified organisms in these

GMOs are big business they're extremely

expensive and they're used for


you know agricultural farming and in

fact if you buy them you have to sign a

contract and you have to do all kinds of

things again don't pay more money

because it says non-gmo don't think your

seed packs have to say non-gmo none of

these are all right now you go to you

know pick up some seeds and you're going

to hear the word heirloom what is

exactly as an heirloom and these are

different packs that say heirlooms on

there and there's a couple different

definitions but it's usually the amount

of years that have gone by where this

has been a stable cultivar and that's

just code really meaning that if I save

the seeds from this tomato plant and I

plant them the following year I'm going

to get the exact same plant and the

exact same tomato they're a stable

variety of vegetable so technically it's

got to be at least 50 years that this

plant has been around and it's been a

stable cultivar and it's called an

heirloom sometimes people want to go to

75 years some people want to go to 100

but an heirloom is just a variety that

has at least 50 years of history and you

can save the seeds and it's good to be

true to form the following year let's

put those down now organic gardening is

a hundred percent real if you want to be

an organic gardener go ahead if you want

to be a partially organic gardener go

ahead that's up to you

where the problem becomes is that every

product is starting to stamp things

organic when they don't need to be your

seeds don't have to be organic I know

some people disagree with me but seed

collecting is organic in itself there's

no poisons or anything coming on your

seeds just because it doesn't have the

organic stamp in fact these were

probably organic before this company

just had to pay money to get the word

organic put on there and you're buying

the same product today with the word

organic on it that 10 years ago didn't

have the word organic like why do I say


because some people think that if you're

not growing organic you're growing

something poisonous or bad for you

is not true organic gardening is a

method of gardening it's not just going

and buying products that say organic all

over it now the only way that you can

buy a seed that has a chemical on it is

if it's treated and I have not come

across any but it would be say treated

you're not going to find that so if you

want to spend a little extra money

because it says organic go ahead but I

don't want you to feel like that if it

doesn't say organic you're growing

something harmful for you or for your

family it's just not true

now the other kinds of seeds you're

gonna find are hybrids and this is a

better boy says hybrid here and a hybrid

means that somebody with a lot of

passion spend a lot of time crossing the

pollen from one tomato plant in this

case to another tomato plant to come up

with a cross qualities from both plants

that create a better plan you know that

might be a stockier sturdier plant that

might be one it produces more it may be

one that's resistant to a disease but

the hybrid crossing is something that

people do it's a natural process bees do

it to insects do it to so a hybrid is

not anything that's bad it just means

that it was hand pollinated by a person

crossing two of the same variety to

Tomatoes to come up with this here's

another one

celebrity hybrid this is a squash hybrid

so you would take the pollen from one

type of squash plant and cross it with

another squash plant and you get you

know qualities that are usually better

for a specific growing area hybrids are

perfectly safe to use these are not

heirlooms so and this is the kind of the

neat thing is that if you save the seeds

from a hybrid and you plant at the

following year you're not going to get

the same exact plant you may get one it

has the qualities of one of the parent

plants and that's how a hybrid is not an

heirloom because it's not a stable

cultivar I hope that makes sense so

hybrids eventually can become heirlooms

if you're wondering with continued

planting and continue modifying the

plant and then it becomes a stable

cultivar but I just wanted to explain

you don't need to buy seeds that are

organic with the organic label on it you

don't necessarily

they have to only buy heirlooms you

don't have to necessarily buy hybrids

just buy what you like and you're never

gonna find GMOs in these seed packs now

the next thing that you're going to need

are materials to start your seeds in and

they come in a couple different ways I'm

gonna go over a few of them

this is peat moss pressed peat pellets

they create 8 cells perfect for planting

however I don't like them you can't

reuse these once you use them you got to

throw them away and you got to buy more

of them I also don't like them because

they absorb water quickly so indoors

they tend to dry out quickly they will

also grow mold on the outside the mold

doesn't hurt the plants but it's kind of

unsightly I use these for actually

starting peas closer to the season and I

let the peas germinate outside and then

I plant this whole thing in the ground

so I don't recommend the peat the bigger

pots either for seed starting indoors

you know the I guess the pro to this is

if you don't want to use plastics

because you want to be greener you could

go ahead and use peat moss but then

people worry that P MOS is not reusable

and it becomes this vicious cycle of

like how what do I use I don't want it

whatever don't worry about it buy what

works for you so I recommend these

plastic cells for starting your

vegetables and there's a couple of

different kind the standard which you

see here are the six Pelt six-packs else

excels right in here twelve of these fit

into a tray like this and you can have

72 seed starts you can grow whatever you

want in them now you can also buy the

four seed cells and this gives you more

space when you plant in something like

this and your Tomatoes get to this size

you really have to then pop them up into

a bigger container some of you may not

want to do that the reason I do it is

because I'm growing so much I have

limited space so I kind of time it to

get them started in these I move them

into these cups and then you go outside

and it's a long big process if you're

just growing for yourself or a family of

three or four you can get away with

something like this you can plant in

bigger four packs like this this is big

enough to hold a pepper seed and a

tomato seed till gets about this high

and this could go right out into the


I actually sell these on my seed shop at

WWDC garden calm but I will also put

links in here for Amazon so you can find

what you need so you've got your six

pack or your four packs of the seed

starting sells I also sell these these

are the transplant cups so like as these

tomatoes get just a little bit bigger

they're gonna be transplanted into here

you could start with this if you're not

growing a lot you're just growing three

tomato plants go ahead and start in

something like this and you won't have

to transplant them up now we'll get to

the starting mix in a second so let's do

that now actually so your starting mix

you have to buy buy it at the store

never take any dirt or anything from

outside and bring it indoors to seed

start you will bring in fungus diseases

and insects there are insect eggs out in

the ground they're hibernating when it's

cold as soon as you bring that stuff

inside give it a 70-degree home some

nice warm lights the insect eggs hatch

the mold starts to grow in the disease

you know will be present it will kill

out your seedlings you'll have all kinds

of problems so you go ahead and you buy

seed starting mix you can buy any

variety you want try and get it in the

sealed bag it's gonna come dry so let me

just clear out some space so before you

plant you want to pre moisten your

starting mix and this is a trick that I

highly recommend is hydrate pre moisten

your starting mix with boiling water

of course don't put your hand in there

stir it up that boiling water will kill

out any fungus eggs that are in here now

I did say that you know you're buying

the dry mix in the sealed bag but Fung

the fungus net eggs are almost like

indestructible so even in the dry mix

that you buy sealed there's gonna be

fungus nut eggs every year I would get

them unless I sterilized my mix with hot

water the boiling water will kill off

the fungus net eggs and then when you go

to plant you're not gonna have to worry

about them coming but you always want to

pre moisten and we'll go over the

more in future videos but that's a tip I

want to stress because if you get your

plants growing like this and you end up

with fungus gnats they go and they eat

the roots of your plants and they're

gonna kill your plants off and it's just

a mess I don't want that to happen to

you alright so we have the seed starting

mix so your seed starting mix is going

to go into the cell and again the future

episodes will show you how to plant all

these different vegetables and herbs

into these containers you're going to

want to water and there's a couple of

ways that you can water you can water on

the top which I don't recommend because

that's going to splash the seeds out

that you plant it's much more time

consuming and it also spreads fungus and

disease around so how do you water well

your bottom water so not only do you

have to go and buy some starting cells

like this or you can buy something like

this you can get the square ones if you

want also pick up some trades these are

I think muffin tins you can get these at

your local grocery store and your cell

up six would go right into here you fill

this up with water about one-third of

the way drop this in whatever this

doesn't absorb after twenty or thirty

minutes go ahead and pour out bottom

watering will help keep your plants nice

and clean it'll save you time and it's

just a great way to do things alright so

we went over the seeds we went over some

of the basic starting cells typically

when you go to the store let me step

over here and get this you're gonna find

something like this this is six cells

times 12 or 72 seed starting cells and

it comes with the tray just like that

and it usually comes with a dome and you

can get that kid anywhere from I don't

know six bucks to nine bucks depending

on where you shop and pick it up also

put a link again for Amazon in here so

you can see 72 cells is plenty for a

family of three or four so you could go

ahead and pick something up like this it

comes with a humidity dome that sits

over here I recommend you do not use a

humidity dome use it as a separate tray

or something like that a humidity dome

does nothing but give it create a great

environment for fungus to grow if you

can check on your plants you know once a

day or every other day you're going to

be perfectly fine with the watering you

just don't need that humidity you don't

if you want to recycle or repurpose this

is used for a sandwich so you know you

pick up a sandwich a giant or a grocery

store recycle it it would sit just like

that and you would put yourself right in


that's your tray your bottom water and

you can have a tray that's been recycled

and it's free instead of spending some

money if you're on even a tighter budget

you can go ahead pick up some plastic

cups they're really inexpensive make

sure you punch holes in them everything

has holes in them and they could go and

sit right in a tin just like that so

there's a lot of ways you can get the

trays and the starting cells for your

seed starts all right so let me clean up

as I talk so you have basically two

kinds of crops you have warm weather

crops like the peppers here like the

tomatoes and you have cool weather crops

which usually the leafy greens for

instance here some greens these are

beets and this is red romaine lettuce

cool weather crops go out first they

like 40 degree nights 60 degree days

those are what you're gonna probably

seed start first do warm weather crops

like the tomatoes they like 60-degree

nights 70 low 80 degree days they're

gonna go out second and you do it an

order of cool weather crops warm weather

crops and then you also have your herbs

herbs tend to grow slow so I start them

first and I'll go over in the future

episodes when you start your herbs when

you start your cool weather crops like

the lettuces and greens right there

and then when you start the warm weather

crops I'm gonna use this as an example

so let's get to the lighting now if you

try and grow these at a window they're

just gonna get tall and leggy you're not

gonna get stocky tomato plants like this

there you're gonna be reaching for the

Sun a lot of people say well I'll just

use a window it's not bright enough

meaning the Sun must be in that window

shining directly on your plants for

eight hours or more or you're going to

get tall leggy weak seedlings it just it

doesn't work so you need to get grow

lights and here's a couple examples of

grow lights you can get right out of the

box they're inexpensive and you want to

be looking for two ratings the ratings

that you're looking for or the numbers

are lumens L um ENS lumens and Kelvin

lumens and Kelvin

you want a lumen value that's the

intensity of light where the lumen value

of your your lights are between 2000 and

3000 lumens minimum if you can go above

that great go higher these are LEDs I

know this the lumens for this one is

about 5,000 so with the LEDs now you can

get really intense light so lumens is

the intensity you want 2 to 3000 lumens

you'll see it on the box if you can't

find it don't buy that light but it'll

say they're in big writing somewhere

either right on the end or right across

the top of the box the other rating is

Kelvin and that's the color color of the

lighting you want daylight it's 5,000

Kelvin to 6500 Kelvin that represents

daylight that's what you want now if you

look online you're gonna see red LED

lights blue LED lights don't worry about

that we are not growing all of this to

produce fruit or flowers we're just

growing transplant so when you're just

growing transplants you don't have to

worry about all these different color

lights you don't have to get confused

you don't have to spend a lot of money

you just want two to three thousand

lumens 5000 6500 Kelvin

these come out of the box this is from

Walmart it's an LED system it's 6500

Kelvin and about 5,000 lumens let me

turn this on and show you these lights

and again you can get these out of the

box this is from Walmart these are LED

lights and again 38 bucks right out of

the box 6500 Kelvin over 5000 lumens and

this is perfect for your first time seed

starting indoors this is plenty of

coverage to do a whole lot you could you

know use this light with a flat like

this and I just want to show you real

quick it would just sit across the top

you could actually put aluminum foil

down on these sides and help keep the

light in but for seed starting you want

to be about 1 to 2 inches now my bigger

setups I use 2 bulbs like this one right

here one right here and that gives nice

coverage but you could get away with

something like this and every once in a

while you would just move this around so

that the light is moved across here but

you want to be one to two inches above

the soil surface to have good

germination let me move this out of the

way now with a setup like this again you

know one person you know growing for a

family lunch just set up a couple of

these you could just do this you'd want

your bottom tray like this for watering

so each of these would have a tray but

if you're just doing this for the first

time you just have one shelf one area

you would just set it up just like that

and this would really practically hang

just like this 1 to 2 inches above let

the seeds germinate get nice and stocky

nice and strong and future episodes

we'll talk more about you know setting

up the grow light closet and really

managing how this happened now this is

too expensive you don't have 38 dollars

to spend you can get this out of the box

at Home Depot

and I know I said you want 5000 to 6500

Kelvin sometimes you may not be able to

find that in your area even if you have

Amazon you can't find it or things don't

get mailed out to you this is 3000

lumens nice and bright and it's actually

4000 Kelvin if your lumen value is at

3000 are higher you can kind of cheat a

little bit and bring the Kelvin rating

down to like 4000 but I wouldn't go past

4000 in fact here's the difference this

is nice bright 6500 Kelvin daylight you

can see that this one is a little more

yellow as you come down in the Kelvin

rating from 6500 to 4000 this becomes a

little boring yellow not quite daylight

but it's okay if it'll work and you

would set this up differently this is

three foot long that's not gonna really

work but you would just turn it this way

and you could put this wherever you want

this would hang down just above the

surface and as they germinate you would

raise it up but this is plenty big

enough at $14.99 to start 6 12 18 24 30

and maybe squeeze another one in there

but these are just two lighting options

that you can use to have your own seed

starts now price-wise if you go and you

try and buy well not try but you can

certainly easily buy a tomato transplant

or pepper transplant they cost two three

four dollars a plant this is gonna cost

you pennies a plant so you're gonna save

the money right away by just growing

your own transplants the first year and

these are gonna last for years you can

put your seeds in a ziploc bag they're

gonna last for years you can reuse the

plastic they're gonna last for a long

long time so seed starting is a great

way to save money now I'm gonna put

links in the description for the Amazon

for my Amazon account the Rusted garden

which means that if you use that then I

get a percentage of sales and I use that

money just really turn it back into

video so I appreciate that but it also

also link it so that you can find these

seed starting supplies on my seed shop

at WWDC garden com I do sell

please seed starting trays at a really

good price so it's not too pricey you

can pick these up for me you can also

pick out whatever seeds you want to have

about a hundred seeds on there I'm also

selling shirts and this is a plug yes

busted garden called the rusted garden a

garden wants to give and I really

believe that we give to the garden and

if we're having a tough week we go out

and at the garden we find it kind of

gives back to us and kind of reenergize

us which I really really believe in hope

you enjoyed the video you find this

series helped and I really appreciate

you taking the time to watch thank you